The Hindu Editorial (Removing fear: on literary freedom) Vocab – 07 Jan, 2019

Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or undermine it are always at work.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Removing fear: on literary freedom) – Jan 07, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Removing fear: on literary freedom) – Jan 07, 2019

  • Take for granted (phrase)
    Meaning – assume, believe, understand/conjecture.
  • Undermine (verb) – कमजोर
    Meaning – Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.
    Synonyms – weaken, compromise, subvert.
    Sentence – This could undermine years of hard work.
  • At work (phrase)
    Meaning – in action.
  • Afresh (adverb) नए सिरे से
    Meaning – In a new or different way.
    Synonyms – anew, over again, once more.
    Sentence – She left the job to start afresh.
  • Pulp (verb) 
    Meaning – Withdraw the publication of a book (and reuse the paper).
    Sentence – The publisher had the right to pulp all unsold copies.
  • Sanitise (verb) – स्वच्छ
    Meaning – Make clean and hygienic
    Synonyms – make presentable/acceptable, clean up.
    Sentence – New chemicals for sanitising a pool.
  • Resurrect (verb) – पुनर्निर्माण करें
    Meaning – Restore (a dead person) to life.
    Synonyms – revive, restore, relaunch.
    Sentence – They are sleeping, but they shall wake up, they shall be resurrected.
  • Harmony (noun) सामंजस्य
    Meaning – The state of being in agreement or concord.
    Synonyms – agreement/accord, cooperation, friendship.
    Sentence – Man and machine in perfect harmony.
  • Invoke (verb) – आह्वान
    Meaning – Cite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument.
    Synonyms – cite, refer to, adduce.
    Sentence – Two other arguments are invoked in support of the rule.
  • Espouse (verb) – सहायता देना
    Meaning – Adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life)
    Synonyms – adopt, embrace; support/endorse (a cause).
    Sentence – She espoused the causes of justice and freedom for all.
  • Punitive (adjective) दंडात्मक
    Meaning – Inflicting or intended as punishment.
    Synonyms – disciplinary, corrective, correctional.
    Sentence – He called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc.
  • Commend (verb) सौंपना
    Meaning – Praise formally or officially.
    Synonyms – recommend, suggest, put forward.
    Sentence – I commend the Government and the officials responsible.
  • Uphold (verb) – कायम रखना
    Meaning – Maintain (a custom or practice)
    Synonyms – preserve, protect, validate/justify.
    Sentence – We shall continue to uphold the noble tradition upon which our church has been built.
  • Blasphemy (noun) ईश्वर-निंदा
    Meaning – The action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk.
    Synonyms – profanity, irreligiousness, ungodliness/unholiness.
    Sentence – He was detained on charges of blasphemy.

 

  • Deliberate (adjective) – जानबूझकर
    Meaning – Done consciously and intentionally.
    Synonyms – intentional, considered, predetermined.
    Sentence – A deliberate attempt to provoke conflict.
  • Malicious (adjective) – दुर्भावनापूर्ण
    Meaning – intending or intended to do harm.
    Synonyms – harmful, disrespectful, vulgar.
    Sentence – He was found guilty of malicious damage.
  • Outrage (verb) उल्लंघन
    Meaning – Arouse fierce anger, shock, or indignation in (someone)
    Synonyms – enrage, offend, anger.
    Sentence – The public were outraged at the brutality involved.
  • Grossly (adverb) निहायत, परिपूर्णता से
    Meaning – In a very obvious and unacceptable manner.
    Synonyms – flagrantly, obviously; extremely/excessively.
    Sentence – You have grossly insulted a member of the community.
  • Trivial (adjective) – तुच्छ
    Meaning – Of little value or importance.
    Synonyms – unimportant, insignificant, inconsequential/minor.
    Sentence – Huge fines were imposed for trivial offences.
  • Hound (verb) घृणित व्यक्ति
    Meaning – A person eagerly seeking something.
    Synonyms – harass, pressurize, pursue (continuously & harshly).
    Sentence – He has a reputation as a publicity hound.
  • Curtail (verb) – घटाना
    Meaning – Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.
    Synonyms – lessen, reduce, decrease.
    Sentence – Civil liberties were further curtailed.
  • Scrap (verb) – रद्दी माल
    Meaning – Abolish or cancel (a plan, policy, or law)
    Synonyms – abandon, cancel, abolish.
    Sentence – He supports the idea that road tax should be scrapped.
  • Obscene (adjective) गंदा, अश्लील
    Meaning – (of the portrayal or description of sexual matters) offensive or disgusting by accepted standards of morality and decency.
    Synonyms – disgusting, morally disturbing or upsetting.
    Sentence – The content should more realistically be described as obscene language.
  • Enmity (noun) शत्रुता
    Meaning – A state or feeling of active opposition or hostility.
    Synonyms – discord, opposition, quarrelling.
    Sentence – There had been a few attempts to sedate enmity in advance.
  • Grounds (noun) आधार
    Meaning – Factors forming a basis for action or the justification for a belief.
    Synonyms – reason/factor, cause, basis.
    Sentence – There are some grounds for optimism.
  • Criminalise (verb) – अपराध
    Meaning – Turn (an activity) into a criminal offence by making it illegal.
    Synonyms – make something (an activity) illegal.
    Sentence – The government’s anti-union laws have criminalised essential union activity.

 

  • Imputation (noun) – इलज़ाम
    Meaning – Represent (something, especially something undesirable) as being done or possessed by someone;
    Synonyms – insinuation, attribution, allegation.
    Sentence – Crucial facts are elided and fictitious positions are imputed to his opponents.
  • Prejudicial (adjective) – हानिकारक
    Meaning – Harmful to someone or something; detrimental.
    Synonyms – detrimental, damaging, injurious.
    Sentence – They had infiltrated a military airfield, and this was regarded as prejudicial to the state’s interests.
  • Draw one’s attention (phrase) 
    Meaning – to make someone notice something.
  • Proscribe (verb) – देश से निकालना, बहिष्कार करना
    Meaning – especially by law.
    Synonyms – forbid, prohibit, ban.
    Sentence – Strikes remained proscribed in the armed forces.
  • Onus (noun) – भार, कर्तव्य
    Meaning – Something that is one’s duty or responsibility.
    Synonyms – responsibility, duty, burden.
    Sentence – However, the onus is on their director to see the broader picture once in a while.
  • Provision (noun) – प्रावधान
    Meaning – the action of providing or supplying something for use.
    Synonyms – term, clause, requirement/condition.
    Sentence – New contracts for the provision of services.
  • Obscenity (noun) बेहूदापन
    Meaning – The state or quality of being obscene.
    Synonyms – indecency, immorality, impropriety.
    Sentence – The book was banned for obscenity.
  • Pornography (noun)
    Meaning – obscene or indecent digital material (movies, pictures, magazines, etc.,) that show or describe sexual matters in order to cause sexual excitement.
    Sentence – There’s always a tricky issue when you get into stolen material or pornography.
  • See the light (phrase) 
    Meaning – understand, realize, find out. 
  • Dilute (verb) पतला, तनुकरण
    Meaning – Make (something) weaker in force, content, or value by modification or the addition of other elements.
    Synonyms – lessen, diminish, reduce.
    Sentence – The reforms have been diluted.
  • Inhibit (verb) – रोकना
    Meaning – Hinder, restrain, or prevent (an action or process)
    Synonyms – impede, hinder, prevent, hamper, hold back, discourage, interfere with.
    Sentence – It does inhibit the rusting process, at least for six months or so.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Nudged into action) Vocab – 19 Jan, 2019

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