The Hindu Editorial (Breaking barriers) Vocab – 04 Jan, 2019

In facilitating the entry of two women, albeit in stealth and under the cover of darkness, the Kerala government has displayed some resolve in breaking the illegal blockade imposed by some devotees on permitting females in the 10-50 age group into the Sabarimala temple. 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Breaking barriers: on two women’s Sabarimala temple entry) – Jan 04, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Breaking barriers: on two women’s Sabarimala temple entry) – Jan 04, 2019

 

  • Albeit (conjunction) यद्यपि, हालांकि
    Meaning – Though.
    Synonyms – even though, however, although.
    Sentence – He was making progress, albeit rather slowly.
  • Stealth (noun) – चुपके
    Meaning – Cautious and surreptitious action or movement.
    Synonyms – furtiveness, secretiveness, secrecy.
    Sentence – The silence and stealth of a hungry cat.
  • Resolve (noun) संकल्प
    Meaning – Firm determination to do something.
    Synonyms – determination, resolution, strength of character.
    Sentence – She received information that strengthened her resolve.
  • Blockade (noun) – नाकाबंदी
    Meaning – An act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
    Synonyms – barricade, barrier, obstruction.
    Sentence – In response, the Soviet Union imposed an economic blockade.
  • Menstruating (age) (adjective) – मासिक धर्म
    Meaning – relating to period, menstrual cycle; relating to the flow of blood that comes from a woman’s body each month from puberty to menopause, except during pregnancy.
    Sentence – Women menstruate for an average of 40 years of their lives.
  • Throw open (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – make something accessible/attainable suddenly & fully.
  • Upsurge (noun) चढ़ाव
    Meaning – sudden increase or rise of something.
    Synonyms – rise, enlargement, expansion, extension
    Sentence – An upsurge in vandalism and violent crime.
  • Uphold (verb) – कायम रखना
    Meaning – Maintain (a custom or practice)
    Synonyms – preserve, protect, validate/justify.
    Sentence – They uphold a tradition of not causing distress to living creatures.
  • Draw up (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – prepare, formulate, arrange.
  • Orchestrate (verb) 
    Meaning – Plan or coordinate the elements of (a situation) to produce a desired effect, especially surreptitiously.
    Synonyms – organize/arrange (secretively), mastermind, choreograph/engineer.
    Sentence – The situation has been orchestrated by a tiny minority.
  • In the face of (phrase) 
    Meaning – when confronted/faced with.
  • Regard (verb) – ध्यान से देखना
    Meaning – Consider or think of in a specified way.
    Synonyms – deem, judge, view.
    Sentence – He was highly regarded by senators of both parties.

 

  • Covert (adjective) प्रच्छन्न 
    Meaning – Not openly acknowledged or displayed.
    Synonyms – secret, furtive, hidden.
    Sentence – Covert operations against the dictatorship.
  • Sustainable (adjective) – सतत
    Meaning – Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
    Synonyms – acceptable, valid/reliable, dependable.
    Sentence – Sustainable economic growth.
  • Dilemma (noun) – दुविधा
    Meaning – A situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable.
    Synonyms – quandary, predicament, difficulty.
    Sentence – There are all of these moral dilemmas and choices that they’re responsible for.
  • At play (phrase)
    Meaning – something active that affects a result. 
  • Cynical (adjective) निंदक
    Meaning – Believing that people are motivated purely by self-interest
    Synonyms – sceptical, doubtful, distrustful.
    Sentence – A lot of people are cynical and believe it’s a money-making exercise, but it’s not.
  • Exploit (verb) शोषण, अनुचित लाभ उठाना
    Meaning – Make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource)
    Synonyms – make use of, take advantage of, use to good advantage
    Sentence – Can we stop over-using and exploiting the world’s resources?
  • Narrative (noun) कथा
    Meaning – portrayal, statement, report (about a particular condition in which a series of things are happening).
    Synonyms – story, tale, chronicle, history, description, record, portrayal
    Sentence – His prose narratives, too, were bestsellers till the 18th century.
  • Invoke (verb) आह्वान
    Meaning – Call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration.
    Synonyms – cite, refer to, adduce.
    Sentence – I continue to invoke the Holy Spirit; I rely on the Word.
  • Regressive (adjective) प्रतिगामी
    Meaning – Returning to a former or less developed state; characterized by regression.
    Synonyms – negative, unprogressive, retrograde.
    Sentence – Regressive aspects of recent local government reform.
  • Notion (noun) – धारणा
    Meaning – A conception of or belief about something.
    Synonyms – idea, belief, conception.
    Sentence – There are different notions of what public opinion is.
  • Defilement (noun) कलंक
    Meaning – The action of defiling or the state of being defiled.
    Synonyms – impairment, degradation, spoiling.
    Sentence – The heinous defilement of their most sacred site.
  • Desecration (noun) अपवित्रता
    Meaning – The action of desecrating something.
    Synonyms – violation, dishonour, contamination.
    Sentence – The desecration of swathes of Scotland’s landscape.
  • Inevitably (adverb) अनिवार्य रूप से
    Meaning – As is certain to happen; unavoidably.
    Synonyms – necessarily, inescapably, unavoidably.
    Sentence – War inevitably has casualties.
  • Passion (noun) जुनून
    Meaning – An intense desire or enthusiasm for something.
    Synonyms – fervour, emotion, temper.
    Sentence – Is this true of a young person with a passion for writing books?’
  • Escalate (verb) – तीव्र करना
    Meaning – Increase rapidly.
    Synonyms – increase, speed up, grow rapidly.
    Sentence – The price of tickets escalated.
  • Consume (verb) उपभोग करना
    Meaning – (of a feeling) completely fill the mind of (someone)
    Synonyms – preoccupy/engross/absorb; overwhelm, dominate.
    Sentence – The anticipation consumed us as we waited for the official results.’

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Right prescription) Vocab – 18 Dec, 2018

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