The tardy response of the Centre and the State of Meghalaya to the plight of at least 15 workers trapped in a rat-hole coal mine since mid-December has exposed the extraordinary indifference in government to labour welfare and the law.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Death traps: on Meghalaya’s illegal mines) – Jan 08, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Death traps: on Meghalaya’s illegal mines) – Jan 08, 2019
- Trap (noun) – फँसाना
Meaning – unescapable & very bad situation.
Synonyms – lure, decoy, bait
Sentence – This morning I almost fell into the trap of wishing for quieter times.
- Tardy (adjective) – मंदा, धीमा
Meaning – Delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time
Synonyms – slow, sluggish, not to be done on time/delayed.
Sentence – They’re very strict about being absent and tardy.
- Plight (noun) – दुर्दशा
Meaning – A dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation.
Synonyms – trouble/difficulty, quandary.
Sentence – Unfortunately Evan’s conclusion distracts us from the plight of refugees.
- Extraordinary (adjective) – असाधारण
Meaning – Very unusual or remarkable.
Synonyms – unusual, uncommon, strange/odd.
Sentence – There followed a remarkable journey for an extraordinary man.
- Indifference (noun) – उदासीनता
Meaning – Lack of interest, concern, or sympathy.
Synonyms – disregard, lack of interest, apathy/unconcern.
Sentence – People are not approaching them due to lack of education or indifference.
- Account for (phrasal verb)
Meaning – explain, elucidate, clean up.
- Levy (verb) – उगाही, वसूल करना
Meaning – Impose (a tax, fee, or fine)
Synonyms – charge, demand.
Sentence – A tax of two per cent was levied on all cargoes.
- Punitive (adjective) – दंडात्मक
Meaning – Inflicting or intended as punishment.
Synonyms – disciplinary, corrective, correctional.
Sentence – He called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc.
- Evasive (adjective) – कपटपूर्ण
Meaning – Tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation, especially by responding only indirectly.
Synonyms – indeterminate/inexplicit, equivocal, ambiguous.
Sentence – She was evasive about her phone number.
- In spite of (phrase)
Meaning – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
- Adverse (adjective) – विपरीत
Meaning – Preventing success or development
Synonyms – dangerous, unfavourable, disadvantageous.
Sentence – The adverse publicity generated by the hijacking was the last thing the airline needed.
- In the wake of (phrase)
Meaning – aftermath, as a result of, as a consequence of.
- Rehabilitate (verb) – पुनर्वास
Meaning – Return (something, especially a building or environmental feature) to its former condition.
Synonyms – restore to health/normality.
Sentence – The campaign aims to rehabilitate the river’s flood plain.
- Impoverished (adjective) – गरीब
Meaning – (of a person or area) made poor.
Synonyms – poor/poverty-stricken, weakened, exhausted.
Sentence – Impoverished villages.
- Undertake (verb) – कार्य
Meaning – Commit oneself to and begin (an enterprise or responsibility); take on.
Synonyms – begin, start, embark on.
Sentence – A firm of builders undertook the construction work.
- Flagrant (adjective) – खुला, निन्दनीय
Meaning – (of an action considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive.
Synonyms – glaring, obvious, blatant/transparent.
Sentence – A flagrant violation of the law.
- Diversify (verb) – विविधता
Meaning – Make or become more diverse or varied.
Synonyms – enlarge/expand, widen, branch out.
Sentence – The economy is well diversified on this base.
- Primitive (adjective) – आदिम, प्राचीन
Meaning – Relating to, denoting, or preserving the character of an early stage in the evolutionary or historical development of something.
Synonyms – basic/elementary, undeveloped, unsophisticated.
Sentence – This included vaulting, which was more durable than the more primitive, earlier building methods.
- Overdue (adjective) – अतिदेय, ठीक समय पर अदा न किया हुआ
Meaning – Not having arrived, happened, or been done by the expected time.
Synonyms – late, behind schedule/time, delayed/outstanding.
Sentence – The rent was nearly three months overdue.
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