In a crucial development that exposes the flaws in health policy-making in the country, the Delhi High Court quashed a government ban on the retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Right prescription: the ban on retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin) – Dec 18, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Right prescription: the ban on retail sale and private manufacture of oxytocin) – Dec 18, 2018
- Oxytocin (noun)
Meaning – a harmone produced by the pituitary gland that is used to help mothers produce contractions in labour and control bleeding.
Sentence – There, hormones called prolactin and oxytocin are released into the bloodstream.
- Flaw (noun) – दोष
Meaning – A mark, fault, or other imperfection that mars a substance or object.
Synonyms – defect, fault/imperfection, limitation.
Sentence – Her tanned skin was angelic, he couldn’t find a single flaw or blemish.
- Quash (verb) – मिटा देना, समाप्त करना
Meaning – Reject or void, especially by legal procedure.
Synonyms – cancel, reverse, repeal.
Sentence – The jury convicted and the Court of Appeal refused to quash the conviction.’
- Absurdity (noun) – मूर्खता, अर्थहीनता
Meaning – The quality or state of being ridiculous or wildly unreasonable.
Synonyms – pointlessness, irrationality/illogicality, absurdness.
Sentence – They have made us think about ourselves by making us laugh at our own absurdity.
- Stem (verb) – उत्पन्न होना, रोकना
Meaning – stem from (no object) Originate in or be caused by.
Synonyms – stop, check, restrain/restrict.
- Post-partum (adjective) – प्रसवोत्तर
Meaning – following childbirth.
Sentence – the custom of post-partum abstinence.
- Haemorrhaging (noun)
Meaning –A damaging loss of valuable people or resources.
Synonyms – bleeding.
Sentence – Focal hemorrhage and loss of architectural integrity were apparent.
- Mortality (noun) – मृत्यु-दर
Meaning – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate of death.
Sentence – The causes of mortality among infants and young children.
- Epidemic (noun) – महामारी
Meaning – A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
Synonyms – spate, widespread occurrence, flare-up (of disagreeable event).
Sentence – Is the government capable of preventing a bird flu epidemic?
- Setback (noun) – नाकामयाबी
Meaning – A reversal or check in progress.
Synonyms – problem, difficulty, issue.
Sentence – A serious setback for the peace process.
- Strike down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – abolish, annul, nullify (a law or regulation).
- Arbitrary (adjective) – मनमाना
Meaning – Based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
Synonyms – capricious, personal (whim/choice), erratic/irregular.
Sentence – The question seemed rather arbitrary with no rhyme or reason whatsoever.
- Veterinary (adjective) – पशुचिकित्सा
Meaning – relating to the medical care and treatment of animals.
Sentence – It’s the veterinary costs that most people worry about though.
- Purported (adjective) – कथित
Meaning – Appearing or stated to be true, though not necessarily so
Synonyms – alleged, claimed, professed.
Sentence – The purported marriage was void.
- Seizure (noun) – जब्ती, कब्जा, अभिग्रहण
Meaning – The action of confiscating or impounding property by warrant of legal right.
Synonyms – takeover, confiscation, appropriation/expropriation.
Sentence – It increases powers of investigation, powers of search, and powers of seizure.
- Mystify (verb) – रहस्यमय करना
Meaning – Make obscure or mysterious.
Synonyms – perplex, confuse, bewilder.
Sentence – I know that they want to mystify the legal process by using complex terms.
- Clamp down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – suppress, prevent, stop.
- Rope in (phrasal verb)
Meaning – enlist, engage, persuade.
- Damning (adjective) – घातक, हत्यारा
Meaning – Extremely critical.
Synonyms – reproachful, critical/condemnatory, fault-finding.
Sentence – A damning indictment of the government’s record.
- Well-being (noun) – हाल चाल
Meaning – The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.
Synonyms – welfare, good health, comfort/happiness.
Sentence – An improvement in the patient’s well-being.
- Statutory (adjective) – वैधानिक, क़ानूनी
Meaning – Required, permitted, or enacted by statute.
Synonyms – legitimate, permissible, admissible.
Sentence – Statutory controls over prices.
- Reflect on (phrasal verb)
Meaning – think about, contemplate, consider/mull over.
- Overrule (verb) – रद्द
Meaning – Reject or disallow by exercising one’s superior authority.
Synonyms – reject, cancel, reverse/overturn.
Sentence – Chief Judge Moran overruled the government’s objections.
- Sporadic (adjective) – छिटपुट, विकीर्ण
Meaning – Occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated.
Synonyms – occasional, infrequent, irregular, periodical, periodic, scattered, patchy, isolated
Sentence – It all adds up to a very uneven, sporadic film experience.
- Clinch (verb) – कड़ी, जकड
Meaning – Confirm or settle (a contract or bargain)
Synonyms – settle, decide, determine.
Sentence – She clinched the agreement after writing a hit Star Wars novel last year.
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