Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) of 4th November 2023.
Misinformation and its more malicious variant, disinformation, have been the bane of today’s unfettered communication system, especially social media where the necessary filters are rarely applied over the spread of news and views, many of which are based on false information deliberately or ignorantly placed.
Read This Article: – (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units)
For Further Reading, visit “The Hindu”.
Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) – November 04, 2023.
Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) – November 04, 2023
Misinformation (noun) — झूठी खबर
Meaning – wrong information, or the fact that people are misinformed
Synonyms – lie, misrepresentation, libel, distortion
Antonyms – fact, honesty, truth
Sentence – Memory strength affects reporting of misinformation.
Malicious (adjective) — दुर्भावनापूर्ण
Meaning – intended to harm or upset other people
Synonyms – vicious, cruel, hateful, nasty, malevolent
Antonyms – benign, benevolent, loving, sympathetic, good, kind
Sentence – A person commits malicious damage by throwing a brick through a window.
Disinformation (noun) — दुष्प्रचार
Meaning – false information spread in order to deceive people
Synonyms – propaganda, rumbling, intimation
Sentence – It also aimed to counter the disinformation provided to locals.
Unfettered (adjective) — निरंकुश
Meaning – not limited by rules or any other controlling influence
Synonyms – unleashed, escaped, unchained, uncaged
Antonyms – confined, restrained, bound, unfree
Sentence – Yet it could not be achieved with unfettered freedom.
Spread (noun) — फैलाना
Meaning – the development or growth of something so that it covers a larger area or affects a larger number of people
Synonyms – disseminate, propagate, circulate
Antonyms – hide, conceal, obscure, veil, secrete
Sentence – The spread of the disease in the last few years has been alarming.
Deliberately (adverb) — जान-बूझकर
Meaning – as in intentionally
Synonyms – intentionally, purposely, purposefully
Antonyms – inadvertently, unconsciously, accidentally, unwittingly
Sentence – I’m sure he says these things deliberately to annoy me.
Ignorantly (adverb) — नादानी
Meaning – in a way that is caused by not having enough knowledge, understanding, or information about something
Synonyms – uneducated, dark, inexperienced, illiterate
Antonyms – educated, knowledgeable, intelligent, literate
Sentence – The proposal was arrogantly and ignorantly rejected by the opposition.
Pertaining (verb) — संबंधित
Meaning – as in belonging
Synonyms – belonging, appertaining, possessing
Sentence – Those laws no longer pertain.
Emanating (verb) — निकलती
Meaning – to express a quality or feeling through the way that you look and behave
Synonyms – radiating, emitting, casting, releasing
Antonyms – absorbing, inhaling, taking up
Sentence – He emanates power and confidence.
Reactive (adjective) — प्रतिक्रियाशील
Meaning – reacting to events or situations rather than acting first to change or prevent something
Synonyms – spontaneous, mechanical, automatic, mechanic
Antonyms – conscious, deliberate, prepared, voluntary
Sentence – Zinc is more reactive and so forms ions more easily.
Adjudicator (noun) — अधिनिर्णायक
Meaning – a person or group that makes an official decision about something
Synonyms – referee, judge, umpire, arbitrator
Sentence – The legislative branch has never been the adjudicator of such disputes.
Retrograde (adjective) — पीछे हटना
Meaning – returning to older and worse conditions, methods, ideas, etc.
Synonyms – backward, reversed, reverse
Antonyms – forward
Sentence – The proposal is miserably retrograde.
Problematic (adjective) — समस्यात्मक
Meaning – full of problems or difficulties
Synonyms – difficult, sticky, complicated, tough
Antonyms – easy, simple, manageable, straightforward
Sentence – Getting everyone there on time might prove problematic.
Amended (verb) — संशोधित
Meaning – to change the words of a text, especially a law or a legal document
Synonyms – improved, enhanced, refined, remedied
Antonyms – worsened, impaired, damaged, vitiated
Sentence – MPs were urged to amend the law to prevent another oil tanker disaster.
Satirist (noun) — व्यंगकार
Meaning – a person who writes or uses satire
Synonyms – parodist, caricaturist, mocker, impressionist
Antonyms – nonauthor
Sentence – I enjoy the satirists on television who poke fun at it.
Safeguards (verb) — सुरक्षा
Meaning – to protect something from harm
Synonyms – protections, defenses, ammunitions, shields
Antonyms – attacks, assaults, offences, offenses
Sentence – The union safeguards the interests of all its members.
Criticism (noun) — आलोचना
Meaning – the act of saying that something or someone is bad
Synonyms – critique, review, notice
Sentence – I have a few criticisms to make about your speech
Laud () — प्रशंसा
Meaning – to praise
Synonyms – applause, accolade, glory, honor, praise, credit
Antonyms – knock, disparage, pan, slam
Sentence – The German leadership lauded the Russian initiative.
Infringed (verb) — उल्लंघन
Meaning – to break a rule, law, etc.
Synonyms – violated, breached, offended
Antonyms – justified, pardoned, forgave
Sentence – The material can be copied without infringing copyright.
Adjudicate (verb) — निर्णय करना
Meaning – to act as judge in a competition or argument
Synonyms – decide, settle, determine, arbitrate
Antonyms – hedge, equivocate, skirt
Sentence – He was asked to adjudicate on the dispute.
Specify (verb) — उल्लिखित करना
Meaning – to explain or describe something clearly and exactly
Synonyms – define, prescribe, dictate, order
Antonyms – forget, ignore, disregard, slight
Sentence – He said we should meet but didn’t specify a time.
Menace (noun) — खतरा
Meaning – something that is likely to cause harm
Synonyms – threat, danger, risk, peril
Antonyms – protection, guard, ward, shield
Sentence – He spoke with a hint of menace.
Oversight (noun) — निगरानी
Meaning – a mistake made because of a failure to notice something
Synonyms – management, supervision, administration, control
Antonyms – accuracy, precision, correctness, exactness
Sentence – You can never entirely eliminate human error and oversight.
Involvement (noun) — भागीदारी
Meaning – the act or process of taking part in something
Synonyms – experience, association, intimacy, exposure
Antonyms – unfamiliarity, ignorance, inexperience, greenness
Sentence – She spoke openly about her involvement with the former prime minister.
|Read Also :|
|Daily The Hindu Vocabulary|