Child care institutions in India have been trapped in an administrative blind spot, as revelations of the sexual abuse of inmates in a balika grih at Muzaffarpur in Bihar showed last year.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Left out, abused: on the state of child care institutions) – Jan 05, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Left out, abused: on the state of child care institutions) – Jan 05, 2019
- Left out (adjective) – छोड़ा हुआ
Synonyms – omitted, excluded.
- Neglect (noun) – उपेक्षा
Meaning – Failure to do something.
Synonyms – negligence, carelessness, unconcern/laxity.
Sentence – He was reported for neglect of duty.
- Trap (verb) – फँसाना
Meaning – Catch
Synonyms – confine, get caught, get stuck.
Sentence – It seems the rats got worse when the cats were trapped.
- Inmate (noun) – निवासी
Meaning – a person living in an institution (like hospital, prison, etc).
Synonyms – inhabitant, occupant,
Sentence – If a man who is in charge of inmates breaks prison regulations, he should be charged.
- Rescue (verb) – बचाव
Meaning – save from danger/difficulty.
Synonyms – save from danger, save the life of, come to the aid of
Sentence – Firemen rescued a man trapped in the river’.
- Exploitation (noun) – शोषण
Meaning – The action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work.
Synonyms – misuse, ill treatment, unfair treatment.
Sentence – The exploitation of migrant workers.
- Den (noun) – मांद, गुफा
Meaning – A wild mammal’s hidden home
Synonyms – hiding place/hideout, shelter, lodge.
Sentence – A female mink had set up her den there.
- Predation (noun) – शिकार
Meaning – physical attack (on one’ own people).
Sentence – An effective defence against predation.
- Rot (noun) – दुर्गन्ध
Meaning – A process of deterioration; a decline in standards.
Synonyms – deterioration, decline; cancer.
Sentence – There is enough talent in the team to stop the rot.
- Juvenile (adjective) – किशोर
Meaning – For or relating to young people.
Synonyms – young, teenage, underage.
Sentence – I never had the shape for juvenile leads so I’ve always had to play character parts.
- Lacunae – plural of lacuna (noun) – अभाव
Meaning – a gap/empty space; missing part of something.
Synonyms – space, absence, lack, deficiency, blank
Sentence – The journal has filled a lacuna in Middle Eastern studies.
- Semblance (noun) – दिखावा
Meaning – The outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
Synonyms – resemblance, likeness, similarity/similar nature.
Sentence – She tried to force her thoughts back into some semblance of order.
- Traffick (verb)
Meaning – buying and selling goods/animal/people illegally;
Synonyms – trading, dealing.
- Vent (verb) – बाहर निकलने देना
Meaning – Give free expression to (a strong emotion)
Synonyms – reveal, express, communicate.
Sentence – We vent our spleen on drug barons.
- Grievance (noun) – शिकायत
Meaning – A feeling of resentment over something believed to be wrong or unfair.
Synonyms – complaint, criticism, objection/protest.
Sentence – He was nursing a grievance.
- Virtually (adverb) – वास्तव में
Meaning – Nearly; almost.
Synonyms – effectively, all but, more or less, practically
Sentence – The college became virtually bankrupt.
- Depressing (adjective) – निराशाजनक
Meaning – Causing or resulting in a feeling of miserable dejection.
Synonyms – dismal, cheerless, gloomy.
Sentence – That thought is too depressing for words.
- Scrutiny (noun) – संवीक्षा, छानबीन
Meaning – Critical observation or examination.
Synonyms – observation, inspection, examination.
Sentence – Every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny.
- Empanel (verb) – सूची में सम्मिलित करना
Meaning – enrol
Synonyms – sign up, apply
Sentence – On the day fixed for trial the jury was empanelled.
- Sans (preposition) – बिना, सिवाय
Meaning – Without
Synonyms – devoid, bereft, deprived, in need
Sentence – A picture of Maughan sans specs.
- Sanitation (noun) – स्वच्छता
Meaning – Conditions relating to public health, especially the provision of clean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal.
Synonyms – personal hygiene, personal cleanliness, purity, sterility
Sentence – At this point, the lack of clean drinking water and sanitation is the main threat.
- Distress (noun) – संकट
Meaning – Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
Synonyms – anguish, suffering, pain.
Sentence – Her fingers flew to her throat in distress.
- Lay something bare (phrase)
Meaning – reveal, disclose, divulge.
- Imperative (noun) – अनिवार्य
Meaning – An essential or urgent thing.
Synonyms – necessary condition, essential, requirement.
Sentence – Free movement of labour was an economic imperative.
- Credentialed (adjective)
Meaning – relating to something given credentials.
- Hold someone to account (phrase)
Meaning – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
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