The Hindu Editorial (Political economics: credit stimulus for MSMEs) Vocab – 09 Nov, 2018

In the run-up to the general election next year, the Centre has announced an important credit stimulus package for micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Political economics: credit stimulus for MSMEs) – Nov 09, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Political economics: credit stimulus for MSMEs) – Nov 09, 2018

  • Stimulus (noun)प्रोत्साहन, प्रेरणा
    Meaning – A thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue.
    Synonyms – spur, stimulant, encouragement, impetus, boost, prompt.
    Sentence – However, reaction times to visual stimuli were faster after using a mobile phone.
  • Sops (noun)रियायतों
    Meaning – A thing of no great value given or done as a concession to appease someone whose main concerns or demands are not being met.
    Synonyms – compromise, adjustment, modification, bribe, concession.
    Sentence – Looked at from afar both subsidies look like sops to the middle classes.
  • Dole out (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – allocate, allot, distribute.
  • Sanction (noun)प्रतिबंध, अनुमोदन
    Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
    Synonyms – approval, agreement, acceptance, authorization.
    Sentence – The United States responded by imposing trade sanctions.
  • Subvention (noun)माली मदद, आर्थिक सहायता
    Meaning – A grant of money, especially from a government.
    Synonyms – allowance, grant, endowment, contribution, allotment
    Sentence – A complex network of public subvention for poets.
  • Account for (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – constitute, make up.
  • Aftermath (noun) – परिणाम 
    Meaning – The consequences or after-effects of a significant unpleasant event.
    Synonyms – consequence, result/outcome, repercussion.
    Sentence – Historically, change has happened only in the aftermath of a major crisis.
  • Pump into (phrasal verb)  
    Meaning – invest a large sum of money in something.
  • Boom (noun)उछाल, व्यापार उत्कर्ष
    Meaning – a period of rapid economic growth.
  • Bust (noun) 
    Meaning – an economic depression/difficulty.
    Synonyms – break, smash, crack. 
  • Deterioration (noun) – क्षय, खराब होना, बिगड़ना
    Meaning – The process of becoming progressively worse.
    Synonyms – decay, worsening, decline, failure.
    Sentence – Our society has almost sunk into abysmal moral degeneration and deterioration.
  • Expedite (verb) – शीघ्र, जल्दी करना, झटपट करना
    Meaning – Make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
    Synonyms – speed up, accelerate, hurry.
    Sentence – He promised to expedite economic reforms.
  • Soar (verb) – ऊंची उड़ान भरना, बहुत वृद्धि होना
    Meaning – Fly or rise high in the air.
    Synonyms – rise rapidly, escalate, increase quickly.
    Sentence – I watched a plane with blinking red and blue lights soar out into the dark sky.
  • Turn out (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – transpire, happen, occur.
  • Pose (verb)ठान लेना, किसी विशिष्ट स्थिति में बैठना
    Meaning – Present or constitute (a problem or danger)
    Synonyms – cause,  give rise to, lead to.
    Sentence – The ageing population will pose an increasing problem.
  • Procure (verb) – खरीद, सप्लाई करना
    Meaning – Obtain (something), especially with care or effort.
    Synonyms – obtain, acquire, get.
    Sentence – In recent years, the gallery has made a concerted effort to procure art works by contemporary South African artists.
  • Breed (verb) – नस्ल, सिखाना, पालन-पोषण करना 
    Meaning – Produce or lead to (something) over a period of time.
    Synonyms – cause/create, produce, generate.
    Sentence – success had bred a certain arrogance.
  • In all (phrase) 
    Meaning – in sum, all told, altogether.
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (HIV reality check) Vocab – 31 Dec, 2018

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