In the run-up to the general election next year, the Centre has announced an important credit stimulus package for micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Political economics: credit stimulus for MSMEs) – Nov 09, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Political economics: credit stimulus for MSMEs) – Nov 09, 2018
- Stimulus (noun) – प्रोत्साहन, प्रेरणा
Meaning – A thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue.
Synonyms – spur, stimulant, encouragement, impetus, boost, prompt.
Sentence – However, reaction times to visual stimuli were faster after using a mobile phone.
- Sops (noun) – रियायतों
Meaning – A thing of no great value given or done as a concession to appease someone whose main concerns or demands are not being met.
Synonyms – compromise, adjustment, modification, bribe, concession.
Sentence – Looked at from afar both subsidies look like sops to the middle classes.
- Dole out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – allocate, allot, distribute.
- Sanction (noun) – प्रतिबंध, अनुमोदन
Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
Synonyms – approval, agreement, acceptance, authorization.
Sentence – The United States responded by imposing trade sanctions.
- Subvention (noun) – माली मदद, आर्थिक सहायता
Meaning – A grant of money, especially from a government.
Synonyms – allowance, grant, endowment, contribution, allotment
Sentence – A complex network of public subvention for poets.
- Account for (phrasal verb)
Meaning – constitute, make up.
- Aftermath (noun) – परिणाम
Meaning – The consequences or after-effects of a significant unpleasant event.
Synonyms – consequence, result/outcome, repercussion.
Sentence – Historically, change has happened only in the aftermath of a major crisis.
- Pump into (phrasal verb)
Meaning – invest a large sum of money in something.
- Boom (noun) – उछाल, व्यापार उत्कर्ष
Meaning – a period of rapid economic growth.
- Bust (noun)
Meaning – an economic depression/difficulty.
Synonyms – break, smash, crack.
- Deterioration (noun) – क्षय, खराब होना, बिगड़ना
Meaning – The process of becoming progressively worse.
Synonyms – decay, worsening, decline, failure.
Sentence – Our society has almost sunk into abysmal moral degeneration and deterioration.
- Expedite (verb) – शीघ्र, जल्दी करना, झटपट करना
Meaning – Make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
Synonyms – speed up, accelerate, hurry.
Sentence – He promised to expedite economic reforms.
- Soar (verb) – ऊंची उड़ान भरना, बहुत वृद्धि होना
Meaning – Fly or rise high in the air.
Synonyms – rise rapidly, escalate, increase quickly.
Sentence – I watched a plane with blinking red and blue lights soar out into the dark sky.
- Turn out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – transpire, happen, occur.
- Pose (verb) – ठान लेना, किसी विशिष्ट स्थिति में बैठना
Meaning – Present or constitute (a problem or danger)
Synonyms – cause, give rise to, lead to.
Sentence – The ageing population will pose an increasing problem.
- Procure (verb) – खरीद, सप्लाई करना
Meaning – Obtain (something), especially with care or effort.
Synonyms – obtain, acquire, get.
Sentence – In recent years, the gallery has made a concerted effort to procure art works by contemporary South African artists.
- Breed (verb) – नस्ल, सिखाना, पालन-पोषण करना
Meaning – Produce or lead to (something) over a period of time.
Synonyms – cause/create, produce, generate.
Sentence – success had bred a certain arrogance.
- In all (phrase)
Meaning – in sum, all told, altogether.
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