Revenue collections from the Goods and Services Tax (GST) are going too far off the mark for comfort. Inflows declined for the second consecutive month in December to ₹94,726 crore from ₹97,637 crore in November and ₹1,00,710 crore in the month before
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (GST Shortfall) – Jan 03, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (GST Shortfall) – Jan 03, 2019
- Shortfall (noun) – कमी
Meaning – A deficit of something required or expected.
Synonyms – deficit, inadequacy/deficiency
Sentence – This resulted in serious shortfalls in the projected revenue stream.
- Recalibrate (verb) – अंशांकित
Meaning – Calibrate (something) again or differently.
Synonyms – reevaluate, reassess, rearrange.
Sentence – The sensors had to be recalibrated.
- Far off the mark (phrase)
Meaning – not accurate, not correct.
- Spate (noun) – झोंक, आवेश
Meaning – A large number of similar things coming in quick succession.
Synonyms – series, flurry; a large number of something (taking place at the same period).
Sentence – A spate of attacks on holidaymakers.
- Kick in (phrasal verb)
Meaning – come into effect.
- Rationalisation (noun) – युक्तिकरण
Meaning – An act of justifying an inappropriate behaviour/attitude.
Sentence – The rationalization of accounting standard.
- Persist (verb) – दृढ़ रहना
Meaning – Continue in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition.
Synonyms – continue, carry on, go on, keep at it, keep on, keep going, keep it up
Sentence – The minority of drivers who persist in drinking.
- Woo (verb) – प्रेम दिखाना
Meaning – Seek the favour
Synonyms – try to attract, seek the support of, curry favour with
Sentence – The colourful exhibition with the price tag woos customers of all classes.
- Threshold (noun) – दहलीज़
Meaning – A point of entry or beginning.
Synonyms – lower limit, starting point, the level (to react to something).
Sentence – She was on the threshold of a dazzling career.
- Forbearance (noun) – सहनशीलता
Meaning – Patient self-control
Synonyms – tolerance/toleration, clemency, endurance.
Sentence – His unfailing courtesy and forbearance under great provocation.
- Kitty (noun)
Meaning – A fund of money for communal use, made up of contributions from a group of people.
Synonyms – funds, reserves, money, finances.
Sentence – With all the current problems, it is unlikely that there is much spare cash left in the kitty now.
- Disinvestment (noun) – विनिवेश
Meaning – the process of reducing capital investments.
Sentence – California is reversing decades of disinvestment in schools
- Plug (verb) – डाट
Meaning – A piece of solid material fitting tightly into a hole and blocking it up.
Synonyms – stop, close, block/bar.
Sentence – He or she grasps it with a hemostat and guides the bone plug into the femoral socket.
- Populist (adjective) – लोकलुभावन
Meaning – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
Sentence – The fact is that our Parliament is peopled largely by populists whose interest lies, so they say, in representing their voters.
- Credentials (noun) – साख, परिचय पत्र
Meaning – A document proving a person’s identity or qualifications.
Synonyms – achievements, capability, accomplishments.
Sentence – Checking out his credentials proved to be a difficult task
- Squeeze (noun) – निचोड़
Meaning – a strong (financial) demand or pressure.
Sentence – The economy is being squeezed by foreign debt repayments.
- Compliance (noun) – अनुपालन
Meaning – The action or fact of complying with a wish or command.
Synonyms – observation, adherence, conformity.
Sentence – capitulation, agreement, acceptance, consent, accession
- Onset (noun) – शुरुआत
Meaning – The beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.
Synonyms – start, beginning/opening, appearance.
Sentence – The onset of winter appears to have been delayed, throwing many plants into confusion.
- Fervour (noun) – जोश, उत्साह
Meaning – Intense and passionate feeling.
Synonyms – passion, eagerness; dedication/zeal.
Sentence – He talked with all the fervour of a new convert.
- Uptick (noun) – इजाफा
Meaning – a small increase.
Sentence – The economy has shown a few upticks.
- Revival (noun) – पुनः प्रवर्तन, पुनरजीवन
Meaning – An improvement in the condition, strength, or fortunes of someone or something.
Synonyms – improvement, betterment; restoration.
Sentence – A revival in the fortunes of the party.
- Elusive (adjective) – पकड़ में न आने वाला
Meaning – difficult to find;
Synonyms – subtle, indistinct/intangible.
Sentence – Success will become ever more elusive.
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