UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducted the CDS (Combined Defence Services) I Exam – 2021. CDS I 2021 Paper held on 07 February 2021. This paper is General Knowledge Section. UPSC CDS (I) 2021 General Knowledge Paper Official Answer Key available here.
Exam – UPSC CDS (I) 2021
Organized by – UPSC
Subject – General Knowledge
Date of Exam – 07th February, 2021
SET – D
Number of Question – 120
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UPSC CDS (I) Exam 2021 Paper
Subject – General Knowledge (Official Answer Key)
1. Identify the type of soil on the basis of the given characteristics :
1. They are rich in lime, iron, magnesia and alumina.
2. They are generally clayey, deep and impermeable.
3. They are mainly found in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
Select the correct answer from the given alternatives :
(a) Laterite soil
(b) Red and yellow soil
(c) Saline soil
(d) Black soil
2. Arabica, Robusta and Liberica are varieties of
3. Aluminium is manufactured from
(a) Copper ore
(b) Bauxite ore
(c) Mica ore
(d) Manganese ore
4. Which one of the following sea ports gained significance for handling iron-ore exports to Japan ?
5. Which one of the following is not a function of money?
(a) Acts as an intermediate in the exchange process
(b) Acts as a store of value
(c) Used as the unit of account
(d) Used for regulating consumption
6. The situation where the equilibrium level of real GDP falls short of potential GDP is known as
(a) Recessionary gap
(b) Inflationary gap
(c) Demand-side inflation
(d) Supply-side inflation
7. The excess of total expenditure of Government over its total receipts, excluding borrowings, is known as
(a) Primary deficit
(b) Fiscal deficit
(c) Current deficit
(d) Capital deficit
8. Exchange rates state the value of one currency in terms of other currencies. Which one of the following statements with respect to the exchange rate of currency is correct?
(a) Floating exchange rates are rates in which the Governments interfere by buying or selling their currencies.
(b) Fixed exchange rates are rates set by Government decisions and maintained by Government actions.
(c) Under the Bretton Woods System, the exchange rates are floated in terms of rise or fall in price of gold.
(d) Under the classical gold standard, the exchange rates are fixed in terms of price of dollar.
9. François Bernier was physician to
(a) Prince Murad
(b) Princess Jahanara
(c) Emperor Shah Jahan
(d) Prince Dara Shikoh
10. Which one of the following British firms was taken over by Soorajmull-Nagarmull group?
(b) Octavius Steel
(d) Andrew Yule
11. Which one of the following statements with regard to ryotwari settlement is not correct ?
(a) In southern and western India, the ryotwari settlement was adopted.
(b) Ryotwari was in principle a direct contract between the ryot and the state.
(c) It means a tax contract valid for usually 30 years.
(d) In principle, it strengthened the former elite, the zamindars and weakened the peasantry.
12. Which one of the following statements about the British Indian Medical Service (IMS) is not correct?
(a) IMS began in 1764.
(b) It recruited health professionals by means of a competitive examination. (c) Indians were never admitted to IMS.
(d) The IMS was at first meant to look after the troops.
13. When was the monopoly of China trade lost by East India Company ?
14. National Disaster Management Authority is headed by
(a) the Prime Minister.
(b) the Home Minister.
(c) the President.
(d) the Health Minister.
15. Which of the following statements regarding the ‘casting vote’ in the Parliament is/are correct ?
1. It is cast by the speaker or a person acting as such.
2. It is cast in addition to voting in the first instance.
3. It is cast in the case of equality of votes.
4. It is always cast to maintain the status quo.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) 3 only
16. Equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within the territory of India is guaranteed under which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India ?
(a) Article 14
(b) Article 15
(c) Article 16
(d) Article 22
17. ‘Legal Positivism’ theory was developed by
(b) Thomas Hobben
(c) John Austin
(d) Patrick Devlin
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18. Who among the following said that Democracy means a system of Government by Consent’?
(a) John Locke
(b) J.S. Mill
(c) Jeremy Bentham
(d) J.J. Rousseau
19. Milpa and Ladang are different names for
(a) shifting cultivation.
(b) mixed farming.
(c) truck farming.
(d) plantation agriculture
20. Which one of the following approaches of human development was initially proposed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and emphasised on health, education, food, water supply, sanitation and housing ?
(a) Welfare approach
(b) Basic needs approach
(c) Income approach
(d) Capability approach