The Hindu Editorial (A wide Democratic field) Vocab – 23 Jan, 2019

As expected, the array of presidential hopefuls for the 2020 U.S. election has widened considerably on the Democratic Party side, with at least eight candidates declared running, another six likely to run, and a further eight potential entrants sitting on the fence.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A wide Democratic field) – Jan 23, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A wide Democratic field) – Jan 23, 2019

 

  • Capitalise on (verb) – पूँजी के रूप में बदलना
    Meaning – Take the chance to gain advantage from.
    Synonyms – take advantage of, exploit, benefit from.
    Sentence – An attempt by the opposition to capitalize on the government’s embarrassment.
  • Soaring (adjective) – उड़ान
    Meaning – Flying or rising high in the air.
    Synonyms – escalating, increasing. ballooning.
    Sentence – The coloured trails of soaring rockets.
  • Array (noun) – सरणी, व्यूह
    Meaning – An ordered series or arrangement.
    Synonyms – arrangement, line-up, disposition.
    Sentence – Several arrays of solar panels will help provide power.
  • Entrant (noun) शामिल होनेवाला
    Meaning – A person or group that enters or takes part in something.
    Synonyms – new member, beginner, newcomer.
    Sentence – The company is a new entrant into an established market.
  • Sit on the fence (phrase)
    Meaning – undecided, uncertain, unsure.
  • Heft (noun) – वज़न
    Synonyms – ability, influence.
    Sentence – They lacked the political heft to get the formulation banned. 
  • Accumulate (verb) संचय करें, संग्रह करना
    Meaning – Gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity of.
    Synonyms – gather, build up, collect.
    Sentence – Continuing for two years, he accumulated enough money to return to medical school.
  • Nevertheless (adverb) फिर भी
    Meaning – In spite of that
    Synonyms –  nonetheless, however.
    Sentence – Statements which, although literally true, are nevertheless misleading.
  • Take on (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – compete against, oppose, challenge/confront.
  • Ancestry (noun) – वंशावली
    Meaning – One’s family or ethnic descent.
    Synonyms – line of descent, family tree, origin/heredity.
    Sentence – He was proud of his Irish ancestry.
  • Ballot (noun) – मतदान
    Meaning – The total number of votes cast in a ballot.
    Synonyms – election, referendum, vote
    Sentence – The union was unable to reveal the level of turnout for the ballot.
  • Drop out (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – withdraw from, give up, cancel.
  • Throw one’s hat in the ring (phrase)
    Meaning – contend for, challenge for, struggle for.
  • Juncture (noun) – समय, समयबिंदु
    Meaning – A particular point in events or time.
    Synonyms – point, time/moment, stage.
    Sentence – At this juncture, there is a desperate need for human contact.
  • Prospect (noun) आशा
    Meaning – Chances or opportunities for success or wealth.
    Synonyms – future, chances/opportunities, possibilities.
    Sentence – The poor prospects for the steel industry.
  • Inherit (verb) उत्तराधिकार
    Meaning – Receive (money, property, or a title) as an heir at the death of the previous holder.
    Synonyms – assume, take over, come into (a situation from a predecessor).
    Sentence – She inherited a fortune from her father.
  • Swirl (verb) घुमाव
    Meaning – Move in a twisting or spiralling pattern.
    Synonyms – circulate, revolve, spiral/spin.
    Sentence – The smoke was swirling around him.
  • Diverse (adjective) – विविध
    Meaning – very different.
    Synonyms – various, multiple, manifold.
    Sentence – A culturally diverse population.
  • Lie in (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – be present, be contained, exist.
  • Spectrum (noun) विस्तार
    Meaning – A wide range.
    Synonyms – range, gamut, span.
    Sentence – I have read a wide spectrum of theories and history, ranging from Marx to Mises.
  • Loom (verb) धुंधला दिखाई देना
    Meaning – Appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening.
    Synonyms – be imminent/close, about to happen, impend/brew.
    Sentence – Vehicles loomed out of the darkness.
  • Pollster (noun) 
    Meaning – a person who does opinion polls.
    Sentence – Then the pollsters started conducting scientific polls of the general population.
  • Undoing (noun) – नाश
    Meaning – A person’s ruin or downfall.
    Synonyms – downfall, defeat, failure/collapse.
    Sentence – The forces that led to the council’s undoing will not disappear.
  • Tip the scales (phrase) 
    Meaning – be the deciding point/make crucial difference.
  • Populism (noun) – लोकलुभावनवाद
    Meaning – related to policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people 
    Sentence – It is written in the fulminating language of angry populism.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Mob Rule) Vocab – 05 Nov, 2018

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