The Hindu Editorial (HIV reality check) Vocab – 31 Dec, 2018

A 23-year-old pregnant woman in Tamil Nadu tested positive for HIV after receiving a unit of blood at a government hospital blood bank, indicating glaring lapses in screening procedures.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (HIV reality check) – Dec 31, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (HIV reality check) – Dec 31, 2018

 

  • Reality check (phrase)
    Meaning – something which helps us to see a situation with the real facts than ideas, concepts, hopes & etc.
  • Devastate (verb) उजाड़ना, कुचल डालना
    Meaning – Cause (someone) severe and overwhelming shock or grief.
    Synonyms – shatter, shock, traumatize/distress.
    Sentence – Nothing like this tragedy has happened to me before and I am devastated.
  • Lapse (noun) चूक, त्रुटि
    Meaning – A brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
    Synonyms – failure/blunder, mistake/error, negligence/oversight.
    Sentence – This lead to the lapse of judgement involved in ordering the uber-drinks
  • Glaring (adjective) – स्पष्ट, नुमायां
    Meaning – Giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.
    Synonyms – obvious, visible, apparent.
    Sentence – We wail angrily as the glaring light blinds our new eyes.
  • Screening (noun) – जाँच
    Meaning – Evaluation or investigation.
    Synonyms – experiment, pilot study, try-out
    Sentence – Three methods of screening of vehicles are in use for security purposes.
  • Transfuse (verb) – उंडेलना, संचार करना
    Meaning – Transfer (blood or its components) from one person or animal to another.
    Synonyms – inject, impart, instil.
    Sentence – The decision to transfuse was made.
  • Diagnose (verb) – निदान, रोग का निर्णय करना
    Meaning – Identify the nature of (an illness or other problem) by examination of the symptoms.
    Synonyms – identify, determine, detect.
    Sentence – Two doctors failed to diagnose a punctured lung.
  • Certainty (noun) यक़ीन, निश्चय, निस्संदेह
    Meaning – Firm conviction that something is the case.
    Synonyms – assurance, confidence, sureness.
    Sentence – She knew with absolute certainty that they were dead.
  • Consent (noun) – सहमति
    Meaning – Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
    Synonyms – agreement, assent, permission/approval.
    Sentence – No change may be made without the consent of all the partners.
  • Imperative (adjective) अनिवार्य
    Meaning – Of vital importance; crucial.
    Synonyms – very important, critical, necessary.
    Sentence – Immediate action was imperative.

 

  • Viable (adjective) – व्यवहार्य
    Meaning – Capable of working successfully;
    Synonyms – practicable, feasible, realistic.
    Sentence – The proposed investment was economically viable.
  • Keep something in check (phrase) 
    Meaning – restrain, keep under control, control.
  • Precautionary (adjective) – निवारक
    Meaning – Carried out as a precaution;
    Synonyms – preventive, safety, protective.
    Sentence – She was taken to hospital as a precautionary measure.
  • Protracted (adjective) लंबा, दीर्घकालिक
    Meaning – Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.
    Synonyms – prolonged, extended/extensive, lengthy.
    Sentence – A protracted and bitter dispute.
  • Keep away (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – stay away, keep away, withdraw.
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Central bank recap) Vocab – 29 Nov, 2018

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