A 23-year-old pregnant woman in Tamil Nadu tested positive for HIV after receiving a unit of blood at a government hospital blood bank, indicating glaring lapses in screening procedures.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (HIV reality check) – Dec 31, 2018.
Read This Article: – (HIV reality check)
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (HIV reality check) – Dec 31, 2018
- Reality check (phrase)
Meaning – something which helps us to see a situation with the real facts than ideas, concepts, hopes & etc.
- Devastate (verb) – उजाड़ना, कुचल डालना
Meaning – Cause (someone) severe and overwhelming shock or grief.
Synonyms – shatter, shock, traumatize/distress.
Sentence – Nothing like this tragedy has happened to me before and I am devastated.
- Lapse (noun) – चूक, त्रुटि
Meaning – A brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
Synonyms – failure/blunder, mistake/error, negligence/oversight.
Sentence – This lead to the lapse of judgement involved in ordering the uber-drinks
- Glaring (adjective) – स्पष्ट, नुमायां
Meaning – Giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.
Synonyms – obvious, visible, apparent.
Sentence – We wail angrily as the glaring light blinds our new eyes.
- Screening (noun) – जाँच
Meaning – Evaluation or investigation.
Synonyms – experiment, pilot study, try-out
Sentence – Three methods of screening of vehicles are in use for security purposes.
- Transfuse (verb) – उंडेलना, संचार करना
Meaning – Transfer (blood or its components) from one person or animal to another.
Synonyms – inject, impart, instil.
Sentence – The decision to transfuse was made.
- Diagnose (verb) – निदान, रोग का निर्णय करना
Meaning – Identify the nature of (an illness or other problem) by examination of the symptoms.
Synonyms – identify, determine, detect.
Sentence – Two doctors failed to diagnose a punctured lung.
- Certainty (noun) – यक़ीन, निश्चय, निस्संदेह
Meaning – Firm conviction that something is the case.
Synonyms – assurance, confidence, sureness.
Sentence – She knew with absolute certainty that they were dead.
- Consent (noun) – सहमति
Meaning – Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
Synonyms – agreement, assent, permission/approval.
Sentence – No change may be made without the consent of all the partners.
- Imperative (adjective) – अनिवार्य
Meaning – Of vital importance; crucial.
Synonyms – very important, critical, necessary.
Sentence – Immediate action was imperative.
- Viable (adjective) – व्यवहार्य
Meaning – Capable of working successfully;
Synonyms – practicable, feasible, realistic.
Sentence – The proposed investment was economically viable.
- Keep something in check (phrase)
Meaning – restrain, keep under control, control.
- Precautionary (adjective) – निवारक
Meaning – Carried out as a precaution;
Synonyms – preventive, safety, protective.
Sentence – She was taken to hospital as a precautionary measure.
- Protracted (adjective) – लंबा, दीर्घकालिक
Meaning – Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.
Synonyms – prolonged, extended/extensive, lengthy.
Sentence – A protracted and bitter dispute.
- Keep away (phrasal verb)
Meaning – stay away, keep away, withdraw.
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