It is in the nature of our polity to use any opportunity possible for political signalling, and the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian honour, has not been spared from this propensity.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (For honour’s sake: on the Bharat Ratna awards) – Jan 28, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (For honour’s sake: on the Bharat Ratna awards) – Jan 28, 2019
- For someone’s sake (phrase)
Meaning – benefit, advantage, good/gain.
- Consideration (noun) – विचार
Meaning – A fact or a motive taken into account in deciding something.
Synonyms – factor, issue/point, motive.
Sentence – The idea was motivated by political considerations.
- Propensity (noun) – झुकाव
Meaning – An inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way.
Synonyms – (natural) tendency, inclination, predisposition.
Sentence – His propensity for violence.
- Confer (verb) – प्रदान करना
Meaning – (with object) Grant (a title, degree, benefit, or right)
Synonyms – grant, bestow, present/give.
Sentence – The Minister may have exceeded the powers conferred on him by Parliament.
- Evoke (verb) – पुकारना
Meaning – Invoke (a spirit or deity)
Synonyms – give rise to, bring forth.
Sentence – Akasha is evoked in India when a house is being built to ensure its completion.
- Catch off guard (phrase)
Meaning – surprise someone when not expected (in a good or bad way) to feel confused.
- Fevered (adjective) – विह्वल, उत्तेजित
Meaning – Feeling or displaying an excessive degree of nervous excitement, agitation, or energy.
Synonyms – excited, agitated, frantic.
Sentence – My fevered adolescent imagination.
- Speculation (noun) – सट्टा, परिकल्पना
Meaning – The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.
Synonyms – conjuncture/supposition, guesswork, opinion/surmise.
Sentence – This is pure speculation on my part.
- Statesman (noun) – राजनेता
Meaning – A skilled, experienced, and respected political leader or figure.
Synonyms – senior politician, respected political figure, political leader.
Sentence – He would like to see state and federal elected officials become statesmen not politicians.
- Bemused (adjective) – भ्रांतconfused, bewildered, puzzled.
Meaning – confused, bewildered, puzzled.
Sentence – Her bemused expression.
- Hold out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – continue, remain, last/keep on.
- Unsympathetically (adverb)
Meaning – disagreeably/objectionably, antagonistically, opposedly/inimically.
Sentence – Reading unsympathetically, we may reflect that there’s not much he does that isn’t for show.
- Embrace (verb) – सम्मिलित करना
Meaning – Accept (a belief, theory, or change) willingly and enthusiastically.
Synonyms – accept, be in favour of, support.
Sentence – If energy enthusiasts wish to embrace vitalism, who are we sceptics to snatch it away from them?
- Thwart (verb) – विफल
Meaning – Prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
Synonyms – prevent, block, impede/hinder.
Sentence – He never did anything to thwart his father.
- Idolise (verb) – पूजना
Meaning – Admire, revere, or love greatly or excessively.
Synonyms – deify, worship, look up to.
Sentence – He idolized his mother.
- Rite (noun) – संस्कार
Meaning – A religious or other solemn ceremony or act.
Synonyms – observance, ritual, worship.
Sentence – The third deals with burial rites, mourning, and other kinds of ceremonies.
- Veneration (noun) – उपासना
Meaning – Great respect; reverence.
Synonyms – idolization, respect, reverence.
Sentence – The traditional veneration of saints.
- Pursuit (noun) – पीछा
Meaning – The action of pursuing someone or something.
Synonyms – search for, quest for, striving towards.
Sentence – The cat crouched in the grass in pursuit of a bird.
- Partisan (adjective) – पक्षपातपूर्ण
Meaning – Prejudiced in favour of a particular cause.
Synonyms – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
Sentence – Newspapers have become increasingly partisan.
- Overshadow (verb) – ढांकना, रक्षा देना
Meaning – Be more impressive or successful than (another person)
Synonyms – conceal, obscure, outshine/eclipse.
Sentence – He was always overshadowed by his brilliant elder brother.
- Cynical (adjective) – निंदक
Meaning – Believing that people are motivated purely by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity.
Synonyms – sceptical, doubtful, distrustful.
Sentence – He was brutally cynical and hardened to every sob story under the sun.
- Assertion (noun) – अभिकथन
Meaning – A confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
Synonyms – declaration, statement, contention/protestation.
Sentence – I politely disagree with the assertion that it was didactic and lengthy.
- Elite (noun) – अभिजात वर्ग
Meaning – a select group of people (with power and influence).
Synonyms – pick, cream, flower, nonpareil, elect
Sentence – Town life also presented new challenges of economic and social organization to urban elites.
- Clamour (noun) – कोलाहल
Meaning – A loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting.
Synonyms – protest, complaint, outcry/commotion.
Sentence – The questions rose to a clamour.
- Majesty (noun) – महिमा
Meaning – Royal power.
Synonyms – nobleness, pride; sovereignty/authority.
Sentence – The majesty of the royal household.
- Posthumous (adjective) – मरणोत्तर
Meaning – awarded after someone’s death.
Sentence – A posthumous collection of his articles.
- Arbitrariness (noun) – मनमानी करना
Meaning – The quality of being based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
Sentence – The collection examines the arbitrariness of color lines drawn both between and within races.
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