The Hindu Editorial (For honour’s sake) Vocab – 28 Jan, 2019

It is in the nature of our polity to use any opportunity possible for political signalling, and the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian honour, has not been spared from this propensity.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (For honour’s sake: on the Bharat Ratna awards) – Jan 28, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (For honour’s sake: on the Bharat Ratna awards) – Jan 28, 2019

 

  • For someone’s sake (phrase)
    Meaning – benefit, advantage, good/gain.
  • Consideration (noun) विचार
    Meaning – A fact or a motive taken into account in deciding something.
    Synonyms – factor, issue/point, motive.
    Sentence – The idea was motivated by political considerations.
  • Propensity (noun) – झुकाव
    Meaning – An inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way.
    Synonyms – (natural) tendency, inclination, predisposition.
    Sentence – His propensity for violence.
  • Confer (verb) प्रदान करना
    Meaning – (with object) Grant (a title, degree, benefit, or right)
    Synonyms – grant, bestow, present/give.
    Sentence – The Minister may have exceeded the powers conferred on him by Parliament. 
  • Evoke (verb) – पुकारना
    Meaning – Invoke (a spirit or deity)
    Synonyms – give rise to, bring forth.
    Sentence – Akasha is evoked in India when a house is being built to ensure its completion.
  • Catch off guard (phrase)
    Meaning – surprise someone when not expected (in a good or bad way) to feel confused.
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  • Fevered (adjective) – विह्वल, उत्तेजित
    Meaning – Feeling or displaying an excessive degree of nervous excitement, agitation, or energy.
    Synonyms – excited, agitated, frantic.
    Sentence – My fevered adolescent imagination.
  • Speculation (noun) सट्टा, परिकल्पना
    Meaning – The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.
    Synonyms – conjuncture/supposition, guesswork, opinion/surmise.
    Sentence – This is pure speculation on my part.
  • Statesman (noun) – राजनेता
    Meaning – A skilled, experienced, and respected political leader or figure.
    Synonyms – senior politician, respected political figure, political leader.
    Sentence – He would like to see state and federal elected officials become statesmen not politicians.
  • Bemused (adjective) भ्रांतconfused, bewildered, puzzled.
    Meaning – confused, bewildered, puzzled.
    Sentence – Her bemused expression. 
  • Hold out (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – continue, remain, last/keep on.
  • Unsympathetically (adverb)
    Meaning – disagreeably/objectionably, antagonistically, opposedly/inimically.
    Sentence – Reading unsympathetically, we may reflect that there’s not much he does that isn’t for show. 
  • Embrace (verb) सम्मिलित करना
    Meaning – Accept (a belief, theory, or change) willingly and enthusiastically.
    Synonyms – accept, be in favour of, support.
    Sentence – If energy enthusiasts wish to embrace vitalism, who are we sceptics to snatch it away from them?
  • Thwart (verb) विफल
    Meaning – Prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
    Synonyms – prevent, block, impede/hinder.
    Sentence – He never did anything to thwart his father.
  • Idolise (verb) – पूजना
    Meaning – Admire, revere, or love greatly or excessively.
    Synonyms – deify, worship, look up to.
    Sentence – He idolized his mother.
  • Rite (noun) – संस्कार
    Meaning – A religious or other solemn ceremony or act.
    Synonyms – observance, ritual, worship.
    Sentence – The third deals with burial rites, mourning, and other kinds of ceremonies.

 

  • Veneration (noun) – उपासना
    Meaning – Great respect; reverence.
    Synonyms – idolization, respect, reverence.
    Sentence – The traditional veneration of saints.
  • Pursuit (noun) पीछा
    Meaning – The action of pursuing someone or something.
    Synonyms – search for, quest for, striving towards.
    Sentence – The cat crouched in the grass in pursuit of a bird.
  • Partisan (adjective) – पक्षपातपूर्ण
    Meaning – Prejudiced in favour of a particular cause. 
    Synonyms – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
    Sentence – Newspapers have become increasingly partisan.
  • Overshadow (verb) ढांकना, रक्षा देना
    Meaning – Be more impressive or successful than (another person)
    Synonyms – conceal, obscure, outshine/eclipse.
    Sentence – He was always overshadowed by his brilliant elder brother.
  • Cynical (adjective) निंदक
    Meaning – Believing that people are motivated purely by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity.
    Synonyms – sceptical, doubtful, distrustful.
    Sentence – He was brutally cynical and hardened to every sob story under the sun.
  • Assertion (noun) – अभिकथन
    Meaning – A confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
    Synonyms – declaration, statement, contention/protestation.
    Sentence – I politely disagree with the assertion that it was didactic and lengthy.
  • Elite (noun) अभिजात वर्ग
    Meaning – a select group of people (with power and influence).
    Synonyms – pick, cream, flower, nonpareil, elect
    Sentence – Town life also presented new challenges of economic and social organization to urban elites.
  • Clamour (noun) कोलाहल
    Meaning – A loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting.
    Synonyms – protest, complaint, outcry/commotion.
    Sentence – The questions rose to a clamour.
  • Majesty (noun) महिमा
    Meaning – Royal power.
    Synonyms – nobleness, pride; sovereignty/authority.
    Sentence – The majesty of the royal household.
  • Posthumous (adjective) – मरणोत्तर
    Meaning – awarded after someone’s death.
    Sentence – A posthumous collection of his articles.
  • Arbitrariness (noun) मनमानी करना
    Meaning – The quality of being based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
    Sentence – The collection examines the arbitrariness of color lines drawn both between and within races.

 

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