The fog of bad loans shrouding the banking sector appears to be lifting after a long period of sustained stress.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Signs of a turnaround: on RBI’s Financial Stability Report) – Jan 02, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Signs of a turnaround: on RBI’s Financial Stability Report) – Jan 02, 2019
- Turnaround (noun)
Meaning – an unexpected change.
Synonyms – change, move
Sentence – It was a remarkable turnaround in his fortunes.
- Regulatory (adjective) – नियामक
Meaning – Serving or intended to regulate something.
Synonyms – organizational, governmental, executive.
Sentence – The existing legal and regulatory framework.
- Vigil (noun) – जलूस
Meaning – A period of keeping awake during the time usually spent asleep, especially to keep watch or pray.
Synonyms – close watch, monitoring, surveillance.
Sentence – My birdwatching vigils lasted for hours.
- Fog (noun) – कोहरा
Meaning – a state of confusion.
Synonyms – daze, stupefy, fuddle, befuddle, bewilder.
Sentence – She stared at him, confusion fogging her brain.
- Shroud (verb) – कफ़न, छिपाना
Meaning – Cover or envelop so as to conceal from view.
Synonyms – cover, envelop, conceal/hide.
Sentence – The mystery which shrouds the origins of the universe.
- Sustained (adjective) – निरंतर
Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
Sentence – Several years of sustained economic growth.
- Advance (verb) – उधार
Meaning – Lend (money) to (someone)
Synonyms – loan, credit.
Sentence – The building society advanced them a loan.
- Baseline assumption (noun)
Meaning – it shows what would happen to spending and revenues if current policies remained in place indefinitely. It serves as a benchmark for measuring the budget effects of proposed policy changes.
- Prognosticate (verb) – भविष्य बतलाना
Meaning – Foretell or prophesy (a future event)
Synonyms – forecast, predict, foretell.
Sentence – The economists were prognosticating financial Armageddon
- Posit (verb) – किसी स्थिति में रखना
Meaning – Put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
Synonyms – put forward, advance, predicate.
Sentence – The Confucian view posits a perfectible human nature.
- Disproportionately (adverb) – अनुपातहीन
Meaning – To an extent that is too large or too small in comparison with something else.
Synonyms – excessively, unduly, unnecessarily.
Sentence – A tax cut would disproportionately benefit the rich.
- Contagion (noun) – छूत, संसर्ग
Meaning – The spreading of a harmful idea or practice
Sentence – A political fear, a contagion that spread from city to city.
- Sovereign (adjective) – राज
Meaning – A supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
Synonyms – independent, self-governing, autonomous.
Sentence – He professed that the Emperor was the true sovereign of Japan.
- Curb (noun) – नियंत्रण
Meaning – A check or restraint on something.
Synonyms – restrain, restriction, limitation/stricture.
Sentence – Plans to introduce tougher curbs on insider dealing.
- In the event of something (phrase)
Meaning – if something happens.
- Solvency (noun) – करदानक्षमता
Meaning – The possession of assets in excess of liabilities; ability to pay one’s debts.
Sentence – The company was confident that solvency could be maintained.
- Bear the brunt (phrase) –
Meaning – to suffer or endure the worst part of something (force/burden/pressure) when a very bad or unpleasant thing happens.
- Mala fide (adjective) – बुरे इरादे से
Meaning – Latin phrase meaning “with or in bad faith”
Synonyms – dishonest, llegal.
Sentence – These accusations are as ridiculous as they are mala fide.
- Oversight (noun) – निगरानी
Meaning – The action of overseeing something.
Synonyms – inspection, supervision, control.
Sentence – Telephony is an issue that brings a whole new arena of regulation and oversight.
- Conglomerate (noun) – एकत्र
Meaning – A thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together.
Synonyms – corporation, group, consortium/merged companies.
Sentence – It’s a conglomerate of all of my friends and I thrown together.
- In the wake of (phrase)
Meaning – aftermath, as a result of, as a consequence of.
- Meltdown (noun) – पिघलाना, घुलाना
Meaning – A disastrous collapse or breakdown.
Synonyms – collapse, complete failure, decline.
Sentence – The global financial system suffered a major meltdown.
- Ripple (verb) – लहर
Meaning – Move in a way resembling a series of small waves.
Synonyms – stir, sway, oscillate.
Sentence – I could feel his muscles rippling beneath his tight shirt.
- Foreword (noun) – प्रस्तावना
Meaning – A short introduction to a book, typically by a person other than the author.
Synonyms – preface, introduction, opening statement.
Sentence – It covers ten areas, besides a brief foreword and a crisp introduction.
- Prudence (noun) – विवेक
Meaning – The quality of being prudent; cautiousness.
Synonyms – cautiousness, carefulness; foresight/forethought.
Sentence – The Republican party built on fiscal prudence and a sense of responsibility.
- Insulate (verb) – अलग करना
Meaning – Protect (something) by interposing material that prevents the loss of heat or the intrusion of sound.
Synonyms – protect, keep safe, safeguard.
Sentence – The room was heavily insulated against all outside noise.
- Fiasco (noun) – असफलता
Meaning – A complete failure, especially a ludicrous or humiliating one.
Synonyms – failure, mess/disaster, catastrophe.
Sentence – I hope none of you were ensnared in the Comair-USAir fiascos!
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