The Hindu Editorial (Signs of a turnaround) Vocab – 02 Jan, 2019

The fog of bad loans shrouding the banking sector appears to be lifting after a long period of sustained stress.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Signs of a turnaround: on RBI’s Financial Stability Report) – Jan 02, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Signs of a turnaround: on RBI’s Financial Stability Report) – Jan 02, 2019


  • Turnaround (noun) 
    Meaning – an unexpected change.
    Synonyms – change, move
    Sentence – It was a remarkable turnaround in his fortunes.
  • Regulatory (adjective) – नियामक
    Meaning – Serving or intended to regulate something.
    Synonyms – organizational, governmental, executive.
    Sentence – The existing legal and regulatory framework.
  • Vigil (noun) – जलूस
    Meaning – A period of keeping awake during the time usually spent asleep, especially to keep watch or pray.
    Synonyms – close watch, monitoring, surveillance.
    Sentence – My birdwatching vigils lasted for hours.
  • Fog (noun) – कोहरा
    Meaning – a state of confusion.
    Synonyms – daze, stupefy, fuddle, befuddle, bewilder.
    Sentence – She stared at him, confusion fogging her brain.
  • Shroud (verb) – कफ़न, छिपाना
    Meaning – Cover or envelop so as to conceal from view.
    Synonyms – cover, envelop, conceal/hide.
    Sentence – The mystery which shrouds the origins of the universe.
  • Sustained (adjective) निरंतर
    Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
    Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
    Sentence – Several years of sustained economic growth.
  • Advance (verb) – उधार
    Meaning – Lend (money) to (someone)
    Synonyms – loan, credit.
    Sentence – The building society advanced them a loan.
  • Baseline assumption (noun) 
    Meaning – it shows what would happen to spending and revenues if current policies remained in place indefinitely. It serves as a benchmark for measuring the budget effects of proposed policy changes. 
  • Prognosticate (verb) भविष्य बतलाना
    Meaning – Foretell or prophesy (a future event)
    Synonyms – forecast, predict, foretell.
    Sentence – The economists were prognosticating financial Armageddon
  • Posit (verb) – किसी स्थिति में रखना
    Meaning – Put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
    Synonyms – put forward, advance, predicate.
    Sentence – The Confucian view posits a perfectible human nature.
  • Disproportionately (adverb) अनुपातहीन
    Meaning – To an extent that is too large or too small in comparison with something else.
    Synonyms – excessively, unduly, unnecessarily.
    Sentence – A tax cut would disproportionately benefit the rich.
  • Contagion (noun) – छूत, संसर्ग
    Meaning – The spreading of a harmful idea or practice
    Sentence – A political fear, a contagion that spread from city to city.
  • Sovereign (adjective) राज
    Meaning – A supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
    Synonyms – independent, self-governing, autonomous.
    Sentence – He professed that the Emperor was the true sovereign of Japan.
  • Curb (noun) नियंत्रण
    Meaning – A check or restraint on something.
    Synonyms – restrain, restriction, limitation/stricture.
    Sentence – Plans to introduce tougher curbs on insider dealing.
  • In the event of something (phrase)
    Meaning – if something happens.
  • Solvency (noun) – करदानक्षमता
    Meaning – The possession of assets in excess of liabilities; ability to pay one’s debts.
    Sentence – The company was confident that solvency could be maintained.
  • Bear the brunt (phrase) – 
    Meaning – to suffer or endure the worst part of something (force/burden/pressure) when a very bad or unpleasant thing happens.
  • Mala fide (adjective) – बुरे इरादे से
    Meaning – Latin phrase meaning “with or in bad faith”
    Synonyms – dishonest, llegal.
    Sentence – These accusations are as ridiculous as they are mala fide.
  • Oversight (noun) निगरानी
    Meaning – The action of overseeing something.
    Synonyms – inspection, supervision, control.
    Sentence – Telephony is an issue that brings a whole new arena of regulation and oversight.


  • Conglomerate (noun) एकत्र
    Meaning – A thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together.
    Synonyms – corporation, group, consortium/merged companies.
    Sentence – It’s a conglomerate of all of my friends and I thrown together.
  • In the wake of (phrase) 
    Meaning – aftermath, as a result of, as a consequence of.
  • Meltdown (noun) – पिघलाना, घुलाना
    Meaning – A disastrous collapse or breakdown.
    Synonyms – collapse, complete failure, decline.
    Sentence – The global financial system suffered a major meltdown.
  • Ripple (verb) – लहर
    Meaning – Move in a way resembling a series of small waves.
    Synonyms – stir, sway, oscillate.
    Sentence – I could feel his muscles rippling beneath his tight shirt.
  • Foreword (noun) प्रस्तावना
    Meaning – A short introduction to a book, typically by a person other than the author.
    Synonyms – preface, introduction, opening statement.
    Sentence – It covers ten areas, besides a brief foreword and a crisp introduction.
  • Prudence (noun) विवेक
    Meaning – The quality of being prudent; cautiousness.
    Synonyms – cautiousness, carefulness; foresight/forethought.
    Sentence – The Republican party built on fiscal prudence and a sense of responsibility.
  • Insulate (verb) अलग करना
    Meaning – Protect (something) by interposing material that prevents the loss of heat or the intrusion of sound.
    Synonyms – protect, keep safe, safeguard.
    Sentence – The room was heavily insulated against all outside noise.
  • Fiasco (noun) असफलता
    Meaning – A complete failure, especially a ludicrous or humiliating one.
    Synonyms – failure, mess/disaster, catastrophe.
    Sentence – I hope none of you were ensnared in the Comair-USAir fiascos!


Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Death traps: on Meghalaya's illegal mines) Vocab – 08 Jan, 2019


Note – 

  • This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

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