The latest trade figures published by the Reserve Bank of India confirm the damage caused by high global oil prices in the last few months.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Current Account Woes) – Dec 10, 2018.
Read This Article: – (Current Account Woes)
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Current Account Woes) – Dec 10, 2018
- Woes (noun) – संकट
Meaning – Great sorrow or distress (often used hyperbolically)
Synonyms – trouble, difficulty, problem.
Sentence – This is a woe I suffer from like no other, and cannot wait to be rid of it forever.
- Contrast (noun) – विरोध
Meaning – The state of being strikingly different from something else in juxtaposition or close association.
Synonyms – difference, dissimilarity, variation.
Sentence – A contrast between rural and urban trends.
- Widen (verb) – प्रसार किया गया
Meaning – Make or become wider.
Synonyms – increase, swell/develop, make large/supplement.
Sentence – We should widen the scope of our investigation.
- Phenomenon (noun) – घटना
Meaning – A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question.
Synonyms – fact, situation, event/happening.
Sentence – The objects of science are materializable concepts, not natural phenomena.
- Abate (verb) – रोक-थाम करना
Meaning – (of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread.
Synonyms – decrease, reduce, diminish/lessen.
Sentence – The temperature dropped, the winds abated, and cool rains began to fall.
- Brent crude (noun) – कच्चा तेल
Meaning – a classification of crude oil produced from the oil platform in the North Sea.
- Volatility (noun) – अस्थिरता
Meaning – Liability to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
Synonyms – fluctuation, inconsistency, unpredictability.
Sentence – A week of historic stock market volatility.
- Diversify (verb) – विविधता
Meaning – Make or become more diverse or varied.
Synonyms – enlarge/expand, widen, branch out.
Sentence – New plants will diversify the habitat.
- Tap (into) (verb)
Meaning – Exploit or draw a supply from (a resource)
Synonyms – draw on, exploit, make use of/utilize.
Sentence – The two-man crew has tapped into the oxygen supply of a docked cargo ship.
- Perennial (adjective) – चिरस्थायी, सार्वकालिक
Meaning – Lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.
Synonyms – everlasting, unchanging, permanent.
Sentence – His perennial distrust of the media.
- Per se (adverb) – (Latin phrase) वास्तव में
Meaning – By or in itself or themselves; intrinsically.
Synonyms – as such; by definition, essentially.
Sentence – It is not these facts per se that are important.
- Capital inflow (noun)
Meaning – a steady movement of capital (amount) into a place, economy, activity etc.
- Capital outflow (noun)
Meaning – money/assets flowing out of (or leaving) a particular country’s economy.
- Brisk (adjective) – तेज
Meaning – Active and energetic.
Synonyms – good, active, busy/lively.
Sentence – A good brisk walk.
- Dry up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – fade away, dwindle, wane/subside.
- Liquidity (noun) – नकदी
Meaning – The availability of liquid assets to a market or company.
Synonyms – lucidity, pellucidity, limpidness, limpidity
Sentence – The banks closed, causing serious liquidity problems for smaller companies.
- Come under (phrasal verb)
Meaning – be subjected to.
- Piecemeal (adjective & adverb) – आहिस्ता-आहिस्ता
Meaning – Characterized by unsystematic partial measures taken over a period of time.
Synonyms – a little at a time, bit by bit, in stages.
Sentence – Many organizations have been built up piecemeal.
- Ill-advised (adjective) – मूर्ख
Meaning – Not sensible, wise, or prudent.
Synonyms – unwise, misguided, short-sighted/thoughtless.
Sentence – You would be ill-advised to go on your own.
- Kick the can down the road (phrase)
Meaning – delay, defer/put off, postpone; to avoid dealing with a difficult situation or making a hard decision until later.
- Over-reliance (noun) – अतिविश्वास
Meaning – Excessive dependence on or trust in someone or something.
Synonyms – excessive dependency.
Sentence – An over-reliance on technology.
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