The Hindu Editorial (Current Account Woes) Vocab – 10 Dec, 2018

The latest trade figures published by the Reserve Bank of India confirm the damage caused by high global oil prices in the last few months.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Current Account Woes)  – Dec 10, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Current Account Woes) – Dec 10, 2018

 

  • Woes (noun) – संकट
    Meaning – Great sorrow or distress (often used hyperbolically)
    Synonyms – trouble, difficulty, problem.
    Sentence – This is a woe I suffer from like no other, and cannot wait to be rid of it forever.
  • Contrast (noun) – विरोध
    Meaning – The state of being strikingly different from something else in juxtaposition or close association.
    Synonyms – difference, dissimilarity, variation.
    Sentence –  A contrast between rural and urban trends.
  • Widen (verb) – प्रसार किया गया
    Meaning – Make or become wider.
    Synonyms – 
    increase, swell/develop, make large/supplement.
    Sentence – We should widen the scope of our investigation.
  • Phenomenon (noun) – घटना
    Meaning – A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question.
    Synonyms – 
    fact, situation, event/happening.
    Sentence – The objects of science are materializable concepts, not natural phenomena.
  • Abate (verb) – रोक-थाम करना
    Meaning – (of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread.
    Synonyms – decrease, reduce, diminish/lessen.
    Sentence – The temperature dropped, the winds abated, and cool rains began to fall.
  • Brent crude (noun) – कच्चा तेल
    Meaning – a classification of crude oil produced from the oil platform in the North Sea. 
  • Volatility (noun) अस्थिरता
    Meaning – Liability to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
    Synonyms – fluctuation, inconsistency, unpredictability.
    Sentence – A week of historic stock market volatility.
  • Diversify (verb) विविधता
    Meaning – Make or become more diverse or varied.
    Synonyms – enlarge/expand, widen, branch out.
    Sentence – New plants will diversify the habitat.
  • Tap (into) (verb) 
    Meaning – Exploit or draw a supply from (a resource)
    Synonyms – draw on, exploit, make use of/utilize.
    Sentence – The two-man crew has tapped into the oxygen supply of a docked cargo ship.
  • Perennial (adjective) – चिरस्थायी, सार्वकालिक
    Meaning – Lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.
    Synonyms – everlasting, unchanging, permanent.
    Sentence – His perennial distrust of the media.
  • Per se (adverb) – (Latin phrase) वास्तव में
    Meaning – By or in itself or themselves; intrinsically.
    Synonyms – as such; by definition, essentially.
    Sentence – It is not these facts per se that are important.
  • Capital inflow (noun)
    Meaning – a steady movement of capital (amount) into a place, economy, activity etc. 
  • Capital outflow (noun) 
    Meaning – money/assets flowing out of (or leaving) a particular country’s economy.
  • Brisk (adjective) तेज
    Meaning – Active and energetic.
    Synonyms – good, active, busy/lively.
    Sentence – A good brisk walk.
  • Dry up (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – fade away, dwindle, wane/subside.
  • Liquidity (noun) नकदी
    Meaning – The availability of liquid assets to a market or company.
    Synonyms – lucidity, pellucidity, limpidness, limpidity
    Sentence – The banks closed, causing serious liquidity problems for smaller companies.
  • Come under (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – be subjected to.
  • Piecemeal (adjective & adverb) आहिस्ता-आहिस्ता
    Meaning – Characterized by unsystematic partial measures taken over a period of time.
    Synonyms – a little at a time, bit by bit, in stages.
    Sentence – Many organizations have been built up piecemeal.
  • Ill-advised (adjective) मूर्ख
    Meaning – Not sensible, wise, or prudent.
    Synonyms – unwise, misguided, short-sighted/thoughtless.
    Sentence – You would be ill-advised to go on your own.
  • Kick the can down the road (phrase) 
    Meaning – delay, defer/put off, postpone; to avoid dealing with a difficult situation or making a hard decision until later.
  • Over-reliance (noun) अतिविश्वास
    Meaning – Excessive dependence on or trust in someone or something.
    Synonyms – excessive dependency.
    Sentence – An over-reliance on technology.

Courtesy: 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Course correction? on GST decisions) Vocab – 25 Dec, 2018

Note – 

  • This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

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