The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to leave interest rates unchanged, given easing inflation and the slowdown in economic momentum, was both expected and reasonable.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A valid pause: on RBI holding rates) – Dec 06, 2018.
Read This Article: – (A valid pause: on RBI holding rates)
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A valid pause: on RBI holding rates) – Dec 06, 2018
- Stick to (phrasal verb) – ध्यान न बँटना
Meaning – Adhere to (a commitment, belief, or rule)
Synonyms – adhere to/abide by, keep, hold to.
Sentence – The government stuck to their election pledges.
- Calibrated (adjective) – जांच करना
Meaning – carefully assessed, carefully regulated, carefully adjusted.
Sentence – Core reforms need calibrated policies.
- Inflation (noun) – मुद्रास्फीति
Meaning – A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Sentence – Policies aimed at controlling inflation.
- Slowdown (noun) – रोकना, सुस्त होना
Meaning – A decline in economic activity.
Synonyms – economic decline, recession, slump/depression.
Sentence – However, the group is anticipating an expected slowdown in continental Europe.
- Projection (noun) – प्रक्षेपण, आयोजन
Meaning – An estimate or forecast of a future situation based on a study of present trends.
Synonyms – expectation, prognosis, prediction.
Sentence – Population projection is essential for planning.
- Tumble (verb) – लुढकना, गिराव
Meaning – fall sharply, decrease, decline/slump.
Synonyms – anticipate, predict, expect.
Sentence – He released the gun and tumbled down the stairs.
- Foresee (verb) – पूर्वानुमान
Meaning – Be aware of beforehand.
Synonyms – anticipate, predict, expect.
Sentence – All this makes it impossible to foresee the likely development of Europe.
- Hover (verb) – मंडराना
Meaning – remain at a level.
Synonyms – be poised, hang, float, levitate
Sentence – Army helicopters hovered overhead.
- Stand pat (phrase)
Meaning – stick firmly to a decision made.
- Bolster (verb) – आधार, गद्दी
Meaning – A long, thick pillow that is placed under other pillows for support.
Synonyms – strengthen, support, reinforce/buttress.
Sentence – Place a firm bolster against the wall.
- Tailwinds (noun) – अनुकूल हवा
Meaning – (in business) it describes a situation or condition that will move growth, revenues, or profits higher. Headwinds (noun) – (in business) situations or conditions that make growth harder/difficult.
- Keep (the powder) dry (phrase)
Meaning – be prepared for an emergency.
- Remit (noun) – छोड़ना
Meaning – Cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment)
Synonyms – task/duty, responsibility, ambit.
Sentence – As you will be aware, the punishment has already been remitted.
- Wary (adjective) – सावधान
Meaning – Feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
Synonyms – cautious, careful, circumspect.
Sentence – He was truly despairing, but the muted female voice was firm, but understandably wary.
- Cloud (verb) – उलझन
Meaning – Make (a matter or mental process) unclear or uncertain.
Synonyms – confuse, muddle, make unclear.
Sentence – The issue is further clouded by two other factors.
- Horizon (noun) – क्षितिज
Meaning – The limit of a person’s knowledge, experience, or interest.
Synonyms – outlook, purview, perspective.
Sentence – She wanted to leave home and broaden her horizons.
- Reckon (verb) – मानना, सम्मिलित करना
Meaning – Establish by calculation.
Synonyms – think, consider; suppose.
Sentence – India is now reckoned to be home to about 10 million Bangladeshis.
- Volatile (adjective) – परिवर्तनशील
Meaning – (of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures.
Synonyms – unpredictable, changeable, variable/inconstant.
Sentence – In fact, all volatile substances are potentially narcotics.
- Perishable (adjective) – नष्ट होनेवाला
Meaning – (especially of food) likely to decay or go bad quickly
Synonyms – easily spoilt, decomposable, biodegradable
Sentence – Pack just the amount of perishable food that can be eaten at lunch.
- Hazy (adjective) – धुंधला
Meaning – Vague or ill-defined.
Synonyms – indistinct, unclear.
Sentence – The picture we have of him is extremely hazy.
- Flare-up (noun) – भड़कना, उत्तेजित होना
Meaning – A sudden outburst of something, especially violence or hostility.
Synonyms – (a sudden) eruption, outburst, outbreak.
Sentence – This prevents flare-ups and makes the meat healthier to eat.
- Heighten (verb) – ऊंचा करना, बढ़ाना
Meaning – Make or become more intense.
Synonyms – increase, raise; aggravate/worsen.
Sentence – Formality does not freeze emotion but heightens it.
- Opportune (adjective) – सामयिक, समयानुकूल
Meaning – (of a time) especially convenient or appropriate for a particular action or event.
Synonyms – favorable, advantageous, right.
Sentence – This is perhaps the most opportune time to make a beginning.
- Macroeconomic (adjective)
Meaning – relating to the branch of economics concerned with large-scale factors (interest rates/national productivity).
- Fiscal prudence (noun)
Meaning – cautiousness, carefulness, judgement on fiscal decisions like borrowing, and spending, and managing the fiscal targets.
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