The days when inflation could topple governments appear to be gone. It is now time for the government to worry about falling prices, especially of food.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Negative signals: on falling inflation rates) – Dec 15, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Negative signals: on falling inflation rates) – Dec 15, 2018
- Inflation (noun) – मुद्रास्फीति
Meaning – increase of price level of goods & services & vice versa decrease of currency value.
Synonyms – exaggeration, overemphasis, magnification, amplification, overplaying.
Sentence – It’s like there’s inflation on the currency of romance or something.
- Topple (verb) – गिर पड़ना
Meaning – Overbalance or cause to overbalance and fall.
Synonyms – overthrow, oust, dethrone.
Sentence – she toppled over when I touched her
- Deflationary (adjective) – अपस्फीतिकर
Meaning – characterized by or tending to cause economic deflation (decline/setback).
Sentence – These two bankruptcies led to intensifying deflationary pressures.
- Room for manoeuvre (phrase)
Meaning – an opportunity to change something (tactfully/carefully).
- Unpredictability (noun) – अनिश्चितता
Meaning – Inability to be predicted; changeability.
Synonyms – volatility, changeability, unsteadiness.
Sentence – the unpredictability of the British weather.
- Owing to (phrase)
Meaning – because of, as a result of, on account of.
- Plague (verb) – विपत्ति
Meaning – Cause continual trouble or distress to.
Synonyms – afflict, torment, trouble.
Sentence – He has been plagued by ill health.
- Step in (phrasal verb)
Meaning – intercede, get involved, intervene.
- Hedge (verb) – बाड़ा, मेड
Meaning – Surround with a hedge.
Synonyms – safeguard, protect, shield.
Sentence – At the junction of these roads was a fairly large field hedged all round.
- Produce (noun) – उत्पादित करें
Meaning – Make or manufacture from components or raw materials.
Synonyms – products, commodities, (crops, fruits/vegetables).
Sentence – The company have just produced a luxury version of the aircraft.
- Command (verb) – आदेश
Meaning – Give an authoritative or peremptory order.
Synonyms – receive, get, gain.
Sentence – Her daughter immediately commands her mother not to give the flower girl any money.
- Cartelised (adjective) – निर्माताओं का संघ बनाना
Meaning – relating to a group of manufacturers/businesses fixing a high price to avoid competition and to make more money.
Sentence – He argues that the NRA cannot assist recovery but rather will only cartelize industry.
- Resort to (verb) – आश्रय
Meaning – Turn to and adopt (a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation.
Synonyms – depend on; rely on, have recourse to.
Sentence – The government has increasingly resorted to repressive measures.
- Minimum Support Price (MSP) (noun)
Meaning – it is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.
- Wherewithal (noun) – जिसके साथ
Meaning – The money or other means needed for a particular purpose.
Synonyms – ready money, cash, capital, finance, finances, resources, funds, reserves
Sentence – They are the lucky ones: they have the wherewithal to pay for goods.
- Lofty (adjective) – बुलंद
Meaning – Of imposing height.
Synonyms – high/grand, eye-catching, imposing.
Sentence – the elegant square was shaded by lofty palms.
- Take to the streets (phrase)
Meaning – (of a crowd) to come together in the streets to display communal harmony in either celebration or opposition.
- Dovish (adjective)
Meaning – Advocating peaceful or conciliatory policies, especially in foreign affairs.
Synonyms – peaceful, diplomatic, accommodating.
Sentence – a group of influential young dovish advisors.
- In the long run (phrase)
Meaning – eventually, in the end, ultimately.
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