Last week, tens of thousands of farmers reached Delhi for a two-day Kisan Mukti Morcha and held the country’s attention.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Uneasy fields: on Kisan Mukti Morcha) – Dec 04, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Uneasy fields: on Kisan Mukti Morcha) – Dec 04, 2018
- Address (verb) – संबोधित करना, निवेदन करना
Meaning – Speak to (a person or an assembly)
Synonyms – attend to, tackle, deal with.
Sentence – She addressed the open-air meeting.
- Distress (noun) – संकट, कठिनाई
Meaning – Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
Synonyms – anguish,pain, suffering, hardship.
Sentence – Her fingers flew to her throat in distress.
- Hold someone’s attention (phrase)
Meaning – attract, inspire.
- Agrarian (adjective) – कृषि
Meaning – Relating to cultivated land or the cultivation of land.
Sentence – Colleges of Agriculture have drawn from a historically shrinking agrarian population base.
- Unqualified (adjective) – अयोग्य, बेहुनर
Meaning – (of a person) not officially recognized as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity through having satisfied the relevant conditions or requirements.
Synonyms – total, complete/entire; unconditional, unlicensed, untrained, inexperienced
Sentence – He was totally unqualified for his job as a senior house doctor.
- Loan waiver (noun) – ऋण छूट
Meaning – it is the waiving of the real or potential liability of the person or party who has taken out a loan through the voluntary action of the person or party who has made the loan.
- Mitigate (verb) – कम करना, घटाना
Meaning – Make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Synonyms – reduce, lessen, alleviate/ease.
Sentence – To say that statistics mitigate murder is obviously contemptible.
- Indebtedness (noun) – ऋण, कर्जदारी
Meaning – The condition of owing money.
Synonyms – financial obligation, financial liability, debt.
Sentence – The industry is taking steps to reduce indebtedness and cut costs.
- Remuneration (noun) – पारिश्रमिक, मेहनताना
Meaning – Money paid for work or a service.
Synonyms – payment, earnings, wages.
Sentence – They work in excess of their contracted hours for no additional remuneration.
- Produce (noun) – उत्पादन, पैदावार
Meaning – Agricultural and other natural products collectively.
Synonyms – products, commodities, (crops, fruits/vegetables).
Sentence – As of now, there is no facility to predict trends in marketing agricultural produce.
- On paper (phrase)
Meaning – in theory, theoretically, hypothetically.
- Precarious (adjective) – अनिश्चित, संदिग्ध
Meaning – Not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse.
Synonyms – uncertain/unsure, insecure, unreliable/risky.
Sentence – Execute this one correctly or risk putting your shoulders in a very precarious position.
- Fragmented (adjective) – खंडित
Meaning – Break or cause to break into fragments.
Synonyms – divided, fractured, separated.
Sentence – The fact that air traffic control is fragmented is resulting in flight delays all over Europe.
- Restrained (adjective) – नियंत्रित किया हुआ
Meaning – Characterized by reserve or moderation; unemotional or dispassionate.
Synonyms – controlled, sober, quiet, calm.
Sentence –This is simply too much visual clutter for a site that should be treated with restrained dignity.
- Unruly (adjective) – अनियंत्रित
Meaning – Disorderly and disruptive and not amenable to discipline or control.
Synonyms – disorderly, uncontrollable, wild/troublemaking.
Sentence – A group of unruly children.
- Tangible (adjective) – वास्तविक, असली
Meaning – Perceptible by touch.
Synonyms – real/actual, definite, substantial.
Sentence – The atmosphere of neglect and abandonment was almost tangible.
- By far (phrase)
Meaning – considerably, significantly, noticeably.
- Galvanise (verb) – प्रेरित करना
Meaning – Shock or excite (someone) into taking action.
Synonyms – inspire, spur, encourage.
- Palpable (adjective) – स्पर्शनीय
Meaning – (of a feeling or atmosphere) so intense as to seem almost tangible.
Synonyms – noticeable, appreciable, discernible.
Sentence – A palpable sense of loss.
- Clock (verb) – कालद
Meaning – Attain or register (a specified time, distance, or speed)
Synonyms – register, record, attain.
Sentence – Thomas has clocked up forty years service.
- Preceding (adjective) – पूर्ववर्ती
Meaning – Coming before something in order, position, or time.
Synonyms – previous, prior, earlier.
Sentence – A growth in sales above those of the preceding year.
- Put something in perspective (phrase)
Meaning – to compare something with a similar thing to give a clearer, more accurate idea.
- Implode (verb) – फटना
Meaning – Collapse or cause to collapse violently inwards.
Synonyms – collapse, fail suddenly, break up.
Sentence – The plasma implodes the fuel.
- Aftermath (noun) – परिणाम
Meaning – The consequences or after-effects of a significant unpleasant event.
Synonyms – consequence, repercussion, effects.
Sentence – The international laws that served us in the aftermath of the Second World War are overdue for reform.
- Semblance (noun) – दिखावा
Meaning – The outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
Synonyms – resemblance, likeness, similarity, similar nature.
Sentence – She tried to force her thoughts back into some semblance of order.
- Reiterate (verb) – बार बार दुहराना
Meaning – Say something again or a number of times.
Synonyms – repeat, say again, restate.
Sentence – He reiterated the points made in his earlier speech.
- Jibe (noun) – हंसी, मज़ाक
Meaning – An insulting or mocking remark
Synonyms – insult, taunt; contemptuous/insulting remark.
Sentence – His replies were peppered with small gibes.
- Aversion (noun) – घृणा
Meaning – A strong dislike or disinclination.
Synonyms – dislike, disinclination, hatred.
Sentence – They made plain their aversion to the use of force.
- Angst (noun) – गुस्से
Meaning – A feeling of deep anxiety or dread
Synonyms – anxiety, fear, apprehension/worry.
Sentence – The audience is propelled into the existential angst of everyday living.
- Breezy (adjective) – समीरिक
Meaning – Appearing relaxed, informal, and cheerily brisk.
Synonyms – easy, casual, informal.
Sentence – the text is written in a breezy matter-of-fact manner.
- Handout (noun) – विज्ञप्ति पत्र
Meaning – A quantity of financial or other material aid given to a person or organization.
Synonyms – (financial) support, free offering/freebie.
Sentence – Dependence on central government handouts.
- Lip service (noun) – दिखावटी प्रेम
Meaning – a method of expressing approval/support without taking any significant action.
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