The Hindu Editorial (A moving menace: on mob violence) Vocab – 05 Dec, 2018

The violence in Uttar Pradesh’s Bulandshahr district is yet another notice of the toll being taken on civic order on account of the failure to crack down on vigilante mobs.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A moving menace: on mob violence) – Dec 05, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A moving menace: on mob violence) – Dec 05, 2018

 

  • Moving (adjective) – मर्मभेदी, दिल को छूनेवाला
    Meaning – Producing strong emotion, especially sadness or sympathy.
    Synonyms – affecting, touching, disturbing/emotional. 
    Sentence – An unforgettable and moving book.
  • Menace (noun) – खतरा, भय
    Meaning – A person or thing that is likely to cause harm
    Synonyms – threat/danger, risk/peril, intimidation.
    Sentence – The snakes are a menace to farm animals.
  • Shred (verb) – टुकड़ा, काटना
    Meaning – Tear or cut into shreds.

    Synonyms – chop finely, cut up, tear up.
    Sentence – I looked closer and it ended up being that half the fan belt had shredded itself and torn off.
  • Toll (noun) 
    Meaning – The number of deaths or casualties arising from a natural disaster, conflict, accident, etc.
    Synonyms – damage, suffering, loss. 
    Sentence – The toll of dead and injured mounted.
  • Crack down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – get tough on, take severe measures against, come down heavily on.
  • Vigilante (noun) – सजग, शांति या सुरक्षा व्यवस्थापक समिति का सदस्य
    Meaning – A member of the self-appointed group which unofficially punishing crimes.
    Sentence – Many were arrested by police and others were injured by unidentified vigilantes.
  • Carcass (noun) – शव
    Meaning – dead body of animal, remaining parts of something (dead animal).
    Synonyms –  cadaver, dead body, body, remains, skeleton, relics
    Sentence – The dead whale carcasses would be left to rot on the beach.
  • Vicinity (noun) आस-पास, पड़ोस
    Meaning – The area near or surrounding a particular place.
    Synonyms – nearness, closeness, proximity. 
    Sentence – The few hospitals still standing in the vicinities were destroyed, from the inside.
  • Lynch (verb) – मारपीट करना, बिना वैध निर्णय के मार डालना
    Meaning –(of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging.
    Synonyms – hang, hang by the neck 
    Sentence – A city full of lynchings and riots.
  • Equivalence (noun) – समतुल्यता
    Meaning – The condition of being equal or equivalent in value, worth, function, etc.
    Synonyms – similarity, resemblance, likeness. 
    Sentence – Knowledge of equivalence of units is required.
  • Organically (adverb) – बवाल
    Meaning – From or in connection with living matter.
    Sentence – In a certain sense, human beings are just organically expressed microcode.
  • Polarise (verb) – फूट डालना
    Meaning – separate into two opposing groups.
    Sentence – You will find opinions as polarised here as anywhere in the world, if not more so.
  • Confrontation (noun) – आमना-सामना
    Meaning – A hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
    Synonyms – conflict, fight, tussle. 
    Sentence – A confrontation with the legislature.
  • Din (noun) – शोर
    Meaning – A loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise.
    Synonyms – commotion, uproar, loud noise. 
    Sentence – The fans made an awful din.
  • Pledge (noun) – प्रतिज्ञा
    Meaning – A solemn promise or undertaking.
    Synonyms – promise, commitment, assurance. 
    Sentence – The conference ended with a joint pledge to limit pollution.
  • Attendant (adjective) – सेवक
    Meaning – A person employed to provide a service to the public in a particular place.
    Synonyms – accompanying, associated, related. 
    Sentence – He works at a hotel and was just recently promoted from bellhop to room service attendant.
  • Purportedly (adverb) – कथित रूप से
    Meaning – As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.

    Synonyms – apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
    Sentence – A purportedly independent arbitrator.
  • Suspicion (noun) – संदेह
    Meaning – A feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.
    Synonyms – speculation, doubt, misgiving (of other people). 
    Sentence – She had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her.
  • Round up (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – gather, assemble, herd together. 
  • At will (phrase) 
    Meaning – at one’s discretion, as one wishes, at whim.
  • Passer-by (noun) – राहगीर
    Meaning – A person who happens to be going past something, especially on foot.
    Synonyms – onlooker, spectator, eyewitness. 
    Sentence – The raiders fled when disturbed by a passer-by.
  • Allegation (noun) – आरोप
    Meaning – A claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
    Synonyms –  Charge/claim, accusation; complaint.
    Sentence – He made allegations of corruption against the administration.
  • Crystallise (verb) – स्पष्ट होना, उभरना
    Meaning – Make or become definite and clear.
    Synonyms – become clear/definite, emerge, materialise. 
    Sentence – Writing can help to crystallise your thoughts.
  • Play up to (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – seek the favour of, try to get on the good side of, make up to.
  • Reinforce (verb) – सुदृढ़, शक्ति बढ़ाना
    Meaning – Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
    Synonyms – support, strengthen/underpin, bolster up. 
    Sentence – The tunnel was reinforced with concrete, rebar and lumber.
  • Murderous (adjective) – घातक
    Meaning – Capable of or intending to murder; dangerously violent.
    Synonyms – brutal, violent, savage/cruel. 
    Sentence – He was capable of murderous cruelty when angered.
  • Outnumber (verb) –  संख्या में अधिक होना
    Meaning – to have more numbers than (something).
    Sentence – The numerous and lukewarm group outnumber the rabid partisans on both sides, though.
  • Play down (phrasal verb) 
    Synonyms – under-emphasize, downplay, understate. 
  • Gravity (noun) – गंभीरता
    Meaning – Extreme importance
    Synonyms – seriousness, importance, significance.  
    Sentence – Crimes of the utmost gravity.
  • Impunity (noun) – दण्ड मुक्ति
    Meaning – Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.

    Synonyms –  immunity, exemption/freedom from punishment, special treatment.
    Sentence – Some ministers seem to be able to break the rules with impunity.
  • Play to someone’s script (phrase) 
    Meaning – to do what someone (else) wants to do.
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Cyclone Gaja: Being prepared against extreme events) Vocab – 19 Nov, 2018

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