The violence in Uttar Pradesh’s Bulandshahr district is yet another notice of the toll being taken on civic order on account of the failure to crack down on vigilante mobs.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A moving menace: on mob violence) – Dec 05, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A moving menace: on mob violence) – Dec 05, 2018
- Moving (adjective) – मर्मभेदी, दिल को छूनेवाला
Meaning – Producing strong emotion, especially sadness or sympathy.
Synonyms – affecting, touching, disturbing/emotional.
Sentence – An unforgettable and moving book.
- Menace (noun) – खतरा, भय
Meaning – A person or thing that is likely to cause harm
Synonyms – threat/danger, risk/peril, intimidation.
Sentence – The snakes are a menace to farm animals.
- Shred (verb) – टुकड़ा, काटना
Meaning – Tear or cut into shreds.
Synonyms – chop finely, cut up, tear up.
Sentence – I looked closer and it ended up being that half the fan belt had shredded itself and torn off.
- Toll (noun)
Meaning – The number of deaths or casualties arising from a natural disaster, conflict, accident, etc.
Synonyms – damage, suffering, loss.
Sentence – The toll of dead and injured mounted.
- Crack down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – get tough on, take severe measures against, come down heavily on.
- Vigilante (noun) – सजग, शांति या सुरक्षा व्यवस्थापक समिति का सदस्य
Meaning – A member of the self-appointed group which unofficially punishing crimes.
Sentence – Many were arrested by police and others were injured by unidentified vigilantes.
- Carcass (noun) – शव
Meaning – dead body of animal, remaining parts of something (dead animal).
Synonyms – cadaver, dead body, body, remains, skeleton, relics
Sentence – The dead whale carcasses would be left to rot on the beach.
- Vicinity (noun) – आस-पास, पड़ोस
Meaning – The area near or surrounding a particular place.
Synonyms – nearness, closeness, proximity.
Sentence – The few hospitals still standing in the vicinities were destroyed, from the inside.
- Lynch (verb) – मारपीट करना, बिना वैध निर्णय के मार डालना
Meaning –(of a group of people) kill (someone) for an alleged offence without a legal trial, especially by hanging.
Synonyms – hang, hang by the neck
Sentence – A city full of lynchings and riots.
- Equivalence (noun) – समतुल्यता
Meaning – The condition of being equal or equivalent in value, worth, function, etc.
Synonyms – similarity, resemblance, likeness.
Sentence – Knowledge of equivalence of units is required.
- Organically (adverb) – बवाल
Meaning – From or in connection with living matter.
Sentence – In a certain sense, human beings are just organically expressed microcode.
- Polarise (verb) – फूट डालना
Meaning – separate into two opposing groups.
Sentence – You will find opinions as polarised here as anywhere in the world, if not more so.
- Confrontation (noun) – आमना-सामना
Meaning – A hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms – conflict, fight, tussle.
Sentence – A confrontation with the legislature.
- Din (noun) – शोर
Meaning – A loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise.
Synonyms – commotion, uproar, loud noise.
Sentence – The fans made an awful din.
- Pledge (noun) – प्रतिज्ञा
Meaning – A solemn promise or undertaking.
Synonyms – promise, commitment, assurance.
Sentence – The conference ended with a joint pledge to limit pollution.
- Attendant (adjective) – सेवक
Meaning – A person employed to provide a service to the public in a particular place.
Synonyms – accompanying, associated, related.
Sentence – He works at a hotel and was just recently promoted from bellhop to room service attendant.
- Purportedly (adverb) – कथित रूप से
Meaning – As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.
Synonyms – apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
Sentence – A purportedly independent arbitrator.
- Suspicion (noun) – संदेह
Meaning – A feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.
Synonyms – speculation, doubt, misgiving (of other people).
Sentence – She had a sneaking suspicion that he was laughing at her.
- Round up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – gather, assemble, herd together.
- At will (phrase)
Meaning – at one’s discretion, as one wishes, at whim.
- Passer-by (noun) – राहगीर
Meaning – A person who happens to be going past something, especially on foot.
Synonyms – onlooker, spectator, eyewitness.
Sentence – The raiders fled when disturbed by a passer-by.
- Allegation (noun) – आरोप
Meaning – A claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
Synonyms – Charge/claim, accusation; complaint.
Sentence – He made allegations of corruption against the administration.
- Crystallise (verb) – स्पष्ट होना, उभरना
Meaning – Make or become definite and clear.
Synonyms – become clear/definite, emerge, materialise.
Sentence – Writing can help to crystallise your thoughts.
- Play up to (phrasal verb)
Meaning – seek the favour of, try to get on the good side of, make up to.
- Reinforce (verb) – सुदृढ़, शक्ति बढ़ाना
Meaning – Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
Synonyms – support, strengthen/underpin, bolster up.
Sentence – The tunnel was reinforced with concrete, rebar and lumber.
- Murderous (adjective) – घातक
Meaning – Capable of or intending to murder; dangerously violent.
Synonyms – brutal, violent, savage/cruel.
Sentence – He was capable of murderous cruelty when angered.
- Outnumber (verb) – संख्या में अधिक होना
Meaning – to have more numbers than (something).
Sentence – The numerous and lukewarm group outnumber the rabid partisans on both sides, though.
- Play down (phrasal verb)
Synonyms – under-emphasize, downplay, understate.
- Gravity (noun) – गंभीरता
Meaning – Extreme importance
Synonyms – seriousness, importance, significance.
Sentence – Crimes of the utmost gravity.
- Impunity (noun) – दण्ड मुक्ति
Meaning – Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Synonyms – immunity, exemption/freedom from punishment, special treatment.
Sentence – Some ministers seem to be able to break the rules with impunity.
- Play to someone’s script (phrase)
Meaning – to do what someone (else) wants to do.
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