After three weeks of political turmoil, Sri Lanka’s controversially dismissed Prime Minister, Ranil Wickremesinghe, appears to have gained the upper hand.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Turn the page: on Sri Lanka crisis) – Nov 15, 2018.
Read This Article: – Turn the page: on Sri Lanka crisis
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Turn the page: on Sri Lanka crisis) – Nov 15, 2018
- Turn the page (phrase)
Meaning –To move on to new involvements or activities; to make a fresh start.
- Turmoil (noun) – उथल-पुथल
Meaning – A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
Synonyms – confusion, upheaval, upheavals, turbulence, tumult, disorder, commotion.
Sentence – Political Turmoil of Sri Lanka.
- Upper hand (noun) – A position of advantage, power, and/or control (over someone, something, or some situation).
- Swear in (phrasal verb)
Meaning – To administer an oath to someone as part of the official process of taking public office.
Synonyms – admit into office, inaugurate, introduce (into office).
- Chamber (noun) – कक्ष, कोठरी, कमरा
Meaning – a room used for a special or official purpose, or a group of people who form (part of) a parliament.
Synonyms – room, hall, assembly room, auditorium.
Sentence – The celebration will be held in the council chamber, in the Public Hall, Lee Lane, next Thursday.
- Contention (noun) – विवाद
Meaning – Heated disagreement.
Synonyms – assertion, argument, claim.
Sentence – Last night he had put himself in medal contention in the decathlon.
- Pale (verb) – धुंधला, फीका
Meaning – Seem or become less important.
Synonyms – decrease in importance, lose significance, pale into insignificance.
Sentence – Hunting is important to me but it pales in comparison to family responsibility.
- Memorandum (noun) – ज्ञापन, अनुबोधक
Meaning – A written message in business or diplomacy.
Synonyms – record, note, contract, agreement.
Sentence – Government has approved a Cabinet memorandum to turn the National Council for Construction into a statutory body.
- Letter and spirit (phrase)
Meaning – Adhering to, obeying both literal interpretation, purpose of the law.
- Prorogue (verb) – अवसान करना, टालना
Meaning –(Parliamentary Procedure) to discontinue the meetings of (a legislative body) without dissolving it.
Synonyms – disband, disestablish, dismiss.
Sentence – The government was hoping to prorogue parliament on 20 November.
- Confront (verb) – सामना
Meaning – Come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
Synonyms – trouble, bother, annoy, irritate.
Sentence – 300 policemen confronted an equal number of union supporters.
- Be stacked against (phrasal verb)
Meaning – be unfavourable, be disadvantageous, be adverse, opposed.
- Plunge (verb) – डुबकी, गोता, प्रवेश
Meaning – Fall suddenly and uncontrollably.
Synonyms – push, thrust, force suddenly.
Sentence – The lack of employment in this part of the country is causing house prices to plunge.
- Ascertain (verb) – पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना
Meaning – Find (something) out for certain; make sure of.
Synonyms – find out, make sure of, come to know.
Sentence – The same could be said about ascertaining the guilt.
- Instinct (noun) – स्वाभाविक, सहज प्रवृत्ति
Meaning –A natural or intuitive way of acting or thinking.
Synonyms – inclination, desire, tendency, urge.
Sentence – She could sit down and analyse her instincts and intuitions and decide it is all nonsense.
- Premise (noun) – परिसर, प्रतिज्ञा
Meaning – A previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion.
Synonyms – proposition, assumption, thesis.
Sentence – A valid inference is one where the conclusion follows from the premiss.
- Crossover (noun)
Meaning – the method of attaining success in a different field.
- Setback (noun) – नाकामयाबी, असफलता
Meaning – A reversal or check in progress.
Synonyms – problem, difficulty, issue, mishap.
Sentence – This lack of preparation caused some serious setbacks.
- Averse (adjective) – प्रतिकूल, विरुद्ध
Meaning – Having a strong dislike of or opposition to something.
Synonyms – opposed to, against, disinclined to.
Sentence – They are not suitable for risk averse investors on any grounds.
- Turn down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – reject, dismiss, discard, rule out.
- Untenable (adjective) – अस्थिर, असमर्थनीय
Meaning – (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
Synonyms – unacceptable, unjustifiable, illogical.
Sentence – This is an untenable position to take and is fantasy politics.
- Invoke (verb) – आह्वान, विनती करना
Meaning – Call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration.
Synonyms – cause, give rise to, bring out, evoke.
Sentence – What image of the Spirit might be invoked for the next stage of the human pilgrimage?
- Statesmanship (noun) – राज-नीति
Meaning –Skill in managing public affairs.
Sentence – The protection of the environment is the definitive test of statesmanship.
- Exacerbate (verb) – ख़राब करना
Meaning – Make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Synonyms – aggravate, make worse, worsen, compound.
Sentence – At least the government is trying to find an actual solution, rather than exacerbating the problem.
- Bleak (adjective) – बेरंग, निष्कपट
Synonyms – unpromising, unfavourable, disadvantageous.
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