The Hindu Editorial (Turn the page: on Sri Lanka crisis) Vocab – 15 Nov, 2018

After three weeks of political turmoil, Sri Lanka’s controversially dismissed Prime Minister, Ranil Wickremesinghe, appears to have gained the upper hand.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Turn the page: on Sri Lanka crisis) – Nov 15, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Turn the page: on Sri Lanka crisis) – Nov 15, 2018

 

  • Turn the page (phrase)
    Meaning –
    To move on to new involvements or activities; to make a fresh start.
  • Turmoil (noun) – उथल-पुथल
    Meaning – 
    A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
    Synonyms – confusion, upheaval, upheavals, turbulence, tumult, disorder, commotion.
    Sentence – Political Turmoil of Sri Lanka.
  • Upper hand (noun) A position of advantage, power, and/or control (over someone, something, or some situation).
  • Swear in (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – To administer an oath to someone as part of the official process of taking public office.
    Synonyms – admit into office, inaugurate, introduce (into office).
  • Chamber (noun) – कक्ष, कोठरी, कमरा
    Meaning – 
    a room used for a special or official purpose, or a group of people who form (part of) a parliament.
    Synonyms – room, hall, assembly room, auditorium.
    Sentence – The celebration will be held in the council chamber, in the Public Hall, Lee Lane, next Thursday.
  • Contention (noun) – विवाद
    Meaning – 
    Heated disagreement.
    Synonyms – assertion, argument, claim.
    Sentence – Last night he had put himself in medal contention in the decathlon.
  • Pale (verb) – धुंधला, फीका
    Meaning – 
    Seem or become less important.
    Synonyms – decrease in importance, lose significance, pale into insignificance.
    Sentence – Hunting is important to me but it pales in comparison to family responsibility.
  • Memorandum (noun) – ज्ञापन, अनुबोधक
    Meaning – 
    A written message in business or diplomacy.
    Synonyms – record, note, contract, agreement.
    Sentence – Government has approved a Cabinet memorandum to turn the National Council for Construction into a statutory body.
  • Letter and spirit (phrase) 
    Meaning – 
    Adhering to, obeying both literal interpretation, purpose of the law.
  • Prorogue (verb)अवसान करना, टालना
    Meaning –
    (Parliamentary Procedure) to discontinue the meetings of (a legislative body) without dissolving it.
    Synonyms – disband, disestablish, dismiss.
    Sentence – The government was hoping to prorogue parliament on 20 November.
  • Confront (verb) – सामना
    Meaning – 
    Come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
    Synonyms – trouble, bother, annoy, irritate.
    Sentence – 300 policemen confronted an equal number of union supporters.
  • Be stacked against (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – 
    be unfavourable, be disadvantageous, be adverse, opposed.
  • Plunge (verb) – डुबकी, गोता, प्रवेश
    Meaning – 
    Fall suddenly and uncontrollably.
    Synonyms – push, thrust, force suddenly.
    Sentence – The lack of employment in this part of the country is causing house prices to plunge.
  • Ascertain (verb) – पता लगाना, सुनिश्चित करना
    Meaning – 
    Find (something) out for certain; make sure of.
    Synonyms – find out, make sure of, come to know.
    Sentence – The same could be said about ascertaining the guilt.
  • Instinct (noun) – स्वाभाविक, सहज प्रवृत्ति
    Meaning –
    A natural or intuitive way of acting or thinking.
    Synonyms – inclination, desire, tendency, urge.
    Sentence – She could sit down and analyse her instincts and intuitions and decide it is all nonsense.
  • Premise (noun) – परिसर, प्रतिज्ञा
    Meaning – 
    A previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion.
    Synonyms – proposition, assumption, thesis.
    Sentence – A valid inference is one where the conclusion follows from the premiss.
  • Crossover (noun) 
    Meaning – 
    the method of attaining success in a different field. 
  • Setback (noun) – नाकामयाबी, असफलता
    Meaning – 
    A reversal or check in progress.
    Synonyms – problem, difficulty, issue, mishap.
    Sentence – This lack of preparation caused some serious setbacks.
  • Averse (adjective) – प्रतिकूल, विरुद्ध
    Meaning – 
    Having a strong dislike of or opposition to something.
    Synonyms – opposed to, against, disinclined to.
    Sentence – They are not suitable for risk averse investors on any grounds.
  • Turn down (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – 
    reject, dismiss, discard, rule out.
  • Untenable (adjective) – अस्थिर, असमर्थनीय
    Meaning – 
    (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
    Synonyms – unacceptable, unjustifiable, illogical.
    Sentence – This is an untenable position to take and is fantasy politics. 
  • Invoke (verb) – आह्वान, विनती करना
    Meaning – 
    Call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration.
    Synonyms – cause, give rise to, bring out, evoke.
    Sentence – What image of the Spirit might be invoked for the next stage of the human pilgrimage?
  • Statesmanship (noun) – राज-नीति
    Meaning –
    Skill in managing public affairs.
    Sentence – The protection of the environment is the definitive test of statesmanship.
  • Exacerbate (verb) – ख़राब करना
    Meaning – 
    Make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
    Synonyms – aggravate, make worse, worsen, compound.
    Sentence – At least the government is trying to find an actual solution, rather than exacerbating the problem.
  • Bleak (adjective) – बेरंग, निष्कपट
    Synonyms – unpromising, unfavourable, disadvantageous.
     
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Season’s worst) Vocab – 25 Jan, 2019

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