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The train accident in Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh, which claimed 13 lives and left 38 injured, has again highlighted the inadequacies in the railway safety system. A stationary train, the Visakhapatnam-Palasa passenger, was hit by the Visakhapatnam-Rayagada passenger at Kantakapalli station, 36 kilometres from Visakhapatnam, on the Vizianagaram-Visakhapatnam line.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Safety first: On the lessons from the train accident in Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh) – November 01, 2023.
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Safety first: On the lessons from the train accident in Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh) – November 01, 2023
- Claimed (verb) – दावा किया
Meaning – Say something is true / You have done something
Synonyms – accused, charged, likely
Antonyms – deny, reject, abandon, disclaim, dispute
Sentence – He claimed victory in the presidential elections before all the results were in.
- Injured (adjective) – घायल
Meaning – hurt or physically harmed
Synonyms – damaged, wounded, hurt, spoiled
Antonyms – entire, whole, intact, perfect, complete
Sentence – She was told to stay in bed to rest her injured back.
- Highlighted (verb) – प्रकाश डाला, रेखांकित करना
Meaning – to attract attention to or emphasize something important
Synonyms – spotlighted, illuminated, advertised, displayed, recommended
Antonyms – darkened, blackened, dimmed, dusk
Sentence – The report highlights the need for improved safety.
- Inadequacies (noun) – अपर्याप्तताएँ
Meaning – the fact that something is not good enough or is too small in amount
Synonyms – flaw, weakness, failing, imperfection, insufficiency, incapacity, shortcoming, ineffectiveness, ineptitude
Antonyms – adequacies, amplitudes, sufficiencies, abundances
Sentence – Economic growth is hindered by the inadequacies of the public transport system.
- Horrific (adjective) – भीषण
Meaning – very bad and shocking
Synonyms – abominable, appalling, awful, cruel, disgusting, dreadful
Antonyms – pleasant, delightful, attractive, delicious, enjoyable, welcome, appealing, satisfying, pleasurable
Sentence – The report detailed the horrific conditions in the prison.
- Collision (noun) – टक्कर
Meaning – an accident in which two vehicles or people crash into each other
Synonyms – blow, concussion, contact, crash, dilapidation, encounter, impact
Sentence – The cyclist was in a collision with a bus.
- Interference (noun) – दखल अंदाजी
Meaning – an occasion when someone tries to interfere in a situation
Synonyms – conflict, intervention, intrusion, obstruction, tampering
Antonyms – incentive, stimulus, advantage, impetus, catalyst, edge, assistance
Sentence – The law is designed to prevent interference by local police.
- Suspected (verb) – संदिग्ध
Meaning – to think or believe something to be true or probable
Synonyms – imagined, questionable, shaky, suspicious, uncertain
Antonyms – unsustainable, unverifiable, unprovable, unsupportable, insupportable, debatable, indemonstrable
Sentence – So far, the police do not suspect foul play.
- Indigenously (adjective) – देश में ही
Meaning – the people who originally lived in a place
Synonyms – aboriginal, native
Antonyms – foreign, introduced, nonindigenous, exotic, alien
Sentence – Antarctica has no indigenous human population.
- Developed (adjective) – विकसित
Meaning – advanced or powerful
Synonyms – advanced, matured, improved
Antonyms – retarded, rudimentary, undeveloped, primitive, underdeveloped
Sentence – In developed countries, blood pressure tends to go up dramatically with age.
- Avoidance (noun) – टालमटोल
Meaning – not doing something; preventing something from existing or happening
Synonyms – evasion, prevention, restraint, escape
Antonyms – submission, endurance, toleration
Sentence – A person’s health improves with the avoidance of stress.
- Tragedy (noun) – त्रासदी
Meaning – a very sad event or situation
Synonyms – adversity, calamity, catastrophe, failure, hardship, humiliation, misfortune, struggle
Antonyms – windfall, manna, godsend
Sentence – His life was touched by hardship and personal tragedy.
- Raises (verb) – उठाना
Meaning – to lift something to a higher position
Synonyms – lifts, elevates, hoists, uplifts
Antonyms – lowers, drops, falls, descends
Sentence – He raised the window and leaned out.
- Enforce (verb) – लागू
Meaning – to make people obey a law, or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted
Synonyms – implement, apply, execute, administer, fulfill
Antonyms – ignore, disregard, neglect
Sentence – The new law was generally admitted to be difficult to enforce.
- Regulations (noun) – नियम, अधिनियम
Meaning – an official rule or the act of controlling something
Synonyms – rules, laws, instructions, standards
Sentence – I have acted strictly in accordance with the regulations at all times.
- Proactive (adjective)– सक्रिय
Meaning – taking action by causing change and not only reacting to change when it happens
Synonyms – cautious, careful
Antonyms – shortsighted, myopic, improvident, careless
Sentence – Managers must be proactive in identifying and preventing potential problems.
- Intensive (adjective) – गहन
Meaning – involving a lot of effort or activity in a short period of time
Synonyms – intense, fierce, ferocious, deep, terrible
Antonyms – moderate, light, soft, feeble, superficial
Sentence – The course compresses two year’s training into six intensive months.
- Campaign (noun) – अभियान, मुहिम
Meaning – a planned group of especially political, business, or military activities that are intended to achieve a particular aim
Synonyms – movement, crusade, push, cause, initiative
Sentence – The endless public appearances are an inevitable part of an election campaign.
- Reassure (verb) – आश्वस्त, दिलासा देना
Meaning – to comfort someone and stop them from worrying
Synonyms – assure, comfort, soothe
Antonyms – distress, discourage, worry, trouble, upset
Sentence – They sought to reassure the public.
- Chronic (adjective) – दीर्घकालिक
Meaning – continuing for a long time
Synonyms – persistent, serial, habitual, inveterate, regular, steady, stubborn, addicted
Antonyms – occasional, unused, intermittent
Sentence – She suffers from chronic pain in her knees.
- Plague (verb) – विपत्ति
Meaning – to cause worry, pain, or difficulty to someone or something over a period of time
Synonyms – afflict, persecute, torture, besiege, curse
Antonyms – help, aid, assist, relieve
Sentence – Financial problems have been plaguing their new business partners.
- Empanelling (verb) – पैनलबद्ध करना
Meaning – in a law court, to choose the people who will form the jury for a trial
Sentence – The process of empanelling a mock jury has caused some controversy.
- Operational (adjective) – परिचालन
Meaning – being in effective operation
Synonyms – operating, operative, functioning
Antonyms – inoperative, broken, dead, inactive, nonfunctional
Sentence – They plan to keep the telescope operational until the end of the decade.
- Vacant (adjective) – खाली
Meaning – not filled or occupied; available to be used
Synonyms – empty, devoid, barren
Antonyms – full, complete, occupied
Sentence – The job will be kept vacant for a few more weeks.
- Mechanisation (noun) – यंत्रीकरण
Meaning – the process of introducing a machine to do something that used to be done by hand
Sentence – The mechanisation of cotton production increased the cost of machinery.
- Implementation (noun)– कार्यान्वयन
Meaning – the act of starting to use a plan or system
Synonyms – automation
Sentence – The study was criticized for its poor design and sloppy implementation.
- Technocrat (noun)– उद्योगतंत्रवादी
Meaning – an expert in science or technology who has a lot of power in or influence with the government or industry
Synonyms – hackers, techies, technophiles
Antonyms – technophobes
Sentence – Technocrats do not always have the marketing skills necessary to be successful businessmen.
- Revamp (verb) – पुनर्गठन
Meaning – to change or arrange something again, in order to improve it
Synonyms – remodel, change, modify, alter, rework
Antonyms – set, fix, stabilize
Sentence – The company has launched a revamped version of its commercial mortgages.
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