The Hindu Editorial (Clear the air: on Rafale deal) Vocab – 21 Jan, 2019

That troubling questions about the purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets will persist despite a clean chit of sorts from the Supreme Court, was demonstrated compellingly last week following The Hindu’s detailed investigation into the deal.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Clear the air: on Rafale deal) – Jan 21, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Clear the air: on Rafale deal) – Jan 21, 2019

 

  • Clear the air (Phrase) 
    Meaning – to discuss a problem or difficult situation with someone in order to make it better. 
  • Fog (Verb) – अंधेरा करना
    Meaning – a confused or confusing situation or state
    Sentence – The government has been fogging the issue.
  • Transparency (Noun) – पारदर्शिता
    Meaning – the quality of being done in an open way without secrets.
    Synonyms – clarity, clearness, lucidity, straightforwardness, clearness, clarity, plainness.
    Sentence – In simple terms, the new code will create transparency in the process.
  • Persist (verb)  दृढ़ रहना
    Meaning – to continue to exist.
    Synonyms – hold, carry on, last, keep on, keep up, remain, linger, stay, endure, survive
    Sentence – If drought persists some limited irrigation may be permitted.
  • Despite (adverb) – के बावजूद
    Meaning – used for saying that something happens even though something else might have prevented it
    Synonyms – in spite of, notwithstanding, regardless of, in defiance of.
    Sentence – he remains a great leader despite age and infirmity
  • Compelling (adjective) सम्मोहक 
    Meaning – interesting or exciting enough to keep your attention completely
    Synonyms – enthralling, captivating, gripping, engrossing, riveting.
    Sentence – His eyes were strangely compelling.
  • Escalation (noun) वृद्धि
    Meaning – to rise or to make something rise
    Synonyms – rise, hike, advance, growth, leap.
    Sentence – In cost escalation, Kerala is among the top states.
  • Bare-bones (adjective) – जरुरी जानकारी 
    Meaning – the most basic features or details
    Synonyms – concise, condensed, contracted, compressed, abbreviated, reduced, decreased
    Sentence – The previous edition of the film was a non-anamorphic bare-bones disc.
  • Significantly (adverb) अर्थपूर्णता से
    Meaning – by a large amount, or in a way that is easily noticeable
    Synonyms – remarkably, outstandingly, importantly, seriously
    Sentence – Energy bills have increased significantly this year.
  • Negotiate (verb) तय करना
    Meaning – Obtain or bring about by discussion.
    Synonyms – work out, thrash out, hammer out, reach an agreement on
    Sentence – He negotiated a new contract with the sellers.
  • Eventually (adverb) आखिरकार 
    Meaning – at the end of a process or period of time in which many things happen
    Synonyms – in the end, in due course, by and by, in time, after some time, after a period of time, finally.
    Sentence – Eventually, after midnight, I arrived at the hotel.
  • On the ground (Phrase)
    Meaning – in the place being discussed
  • Obvious (adjective) ज़ाहिर, स्पष्ट
    Meaning – clear to almost anyone
    Synonyms – clear, plain, plain to see, crystal clear, evident, apparent, manifest.
    Sentence – Unemployment has been the most obvious cost of the recession.
  • Perplexing (adjective) हैरान करनेवाला 
    Meaning – confusing
    Sentence – A perplexing problem.
  • Clause (noun) धारा, वाक्यांश
    Meaning – a part of a legal document or law that officially states that something must be done
    Synonyms – paragraph, article, subsection, note, item, point.
    Sentence – Under a provision referred to as clause 24 of the contract there was a time limit.
  • Altogether (adverb) कुल मिलाकर, पूर्ण रूप से
    Meaning – completely
    Synonyms – totally, entirely, absolutely, wholly, fully, thoroughly
    Sentence – I stopped seeing her altogether.
  • Deplete (verb) व्यय करना
    Meaning – to reduce the amount of something or the number of things
    Synonyms – use up, consume, expend, spend, drain, empty.
    Sentence – Supplies are depleting fast.
  • Fleet (noun) बेड़ा, जहाज़ों का बेड़ा
    Meaning – a group of vehicles, planes, boats, or trains, especially when they are owned by one organization or person
    Sentence – The small port supports a fishing fleet.
  • Flyaway (adjective) उड़ जाना
    Meaning – (of a person’s hair) fine and difficult to control.
    Synonyms – light, delicate, wispy, floaty, feathery
    Sentence – The gel is designed to smooth down flyaway hair.
  • Strategic (adjective) सामरिक, रणनीति-संबंधी
    Meaning – Relating to the identification of long-term or overall aims and interests and the means of achieving them.
    Synonyms – planned, calculated, deliberate
    Sentence – Progress in achieving our strategic goals is contained in this Report.
  • Fray (noun) दंगा, लड़ाई
    Meaning – an exciting activity or situation in which someone competes with other people
    Synonyms – unravelled, worn, well worn, threadbare, tattered, ragged, holey
    Sentence – The hallway was a drab grey and the worn carpet was fraying.
  • Vigour (noun) ताक़त, शक्ति
    Meaning – Physical strength and good health.
    Synonyms – healthiness, good health, hardiness, strength, stamina
    Sentence – He has managed to retain his youthful vigour.
  • Preparedness तत्परता, मुस्तैद
    Meaning – the state of being ready for something
    Synonyms – anticipation, planning, forward planning, provision
    Sentence – The country maintained a high level of military preparedness.
  • Owing to (phrase) 
    Meaning – because of something
  • Acquisition (noun) अर्जन, अभिग्रहण
    Meaning – the process of buying something or obtaining it in some other way
    Synonyms – purchase, accession, addition, asset
    Sentence – The overriding problem with acquisitions is in integrating the new assets.
  • Jeopardise (verb) ख़तरे में डालना
  • Meaning – to risk damaging or destroying something important
    Synonyms – threaten, endanger, imperil, menace, risk, put at risk
    Sentence – These orders must be followed to the letter, Recin, or we risk jeopardizing the mission.
  • Unconvincingly (adverb)
    Meaning – in a way that does not seem true or real
    Sentence – I think the men in the garage would then maybe smile, but unconvincingly and maybe say, ‘Yeah, all right mate.
  • Accommodating (adjective) मिलनसार
    Meaning – helpful and easy to work with
    Synonyms – obliging, cooperative, helpful, eager to help, eager to please, adaptable.
    Sentence – We always found the our local branch most accommodating.
  • Briefing (noun) वार्ता, पत्रसार
    Meaning – a meeting or document in which people receive information or instructions
    Synonyms – information, orientation, preparation, rundown
    Sentence – A media briefing in the House of Commons.
  • Presumption (noun) अनुमान, परिकल्पना, संभावना
    Meaning – An idea that is taken to be true on the basis of probability.
    Sentence – Underlying presumptions about human nature.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Sedition and politics) Vocab – 17 Jan, 2019

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