That troubling questions about the purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets will persist despite a clean chit of sorts from the Supreme Court, was demonstrated compellingly last week following The Hindu’s detailed investigation into the deal.
For Further Reading, visit “The Hindu“.
Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Clear the air: on Rafale deal) – Jan 21, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Clear the air: on Rafale deal) – Jan 21, 2019
- Clear the air (Phrase)
Meaning – to discuss a problem or difficult situation with someone in order to make it better.
- Fog (Verb) – अंधेरा करना
Meaning – a confused or confusing situation or state
Sentence – The government has been fogging the issue.
- Transparency (Noun) – पारदर्शिता
Meaning – the quality of being done in an open way without secrets.
Synonyms – clarity, clearness, lucidity, straightforwardness, clearness, clarity, plainness.
Sentence – In simple terms, the new code will create transparency in the process.
- Persist (verb) – दृढ़ रहना
Meaning – to continue to exist.
Synonyms – hold, carry on, last, keep on, keep up, remain, linger, stay, endure, survive
Sentence – If drought persists some limited irrigation may be permitted.
- Despite (adverb) – के बावजूद
Meaning – used for saying that something happens even though something else might have prevented it
Synonyms – in spite of, notwithstanding, regardless of, in defiance of.
Sentence – he remains a great leader despite age and infirmity
- Compelling (adjective) – सम्मोहक
Meaning – interesting or exciting enough to keep your attention completely
Synonyms – enthralling, captivating, gripping, engrossing, riveting.
Sentence – His eyes were strangely compelling.
- Escalation (noun) – वृद्धि
Meaning – to rise or to make something rise
Synonyms – rise, hike, advance, growth, leap.
Sentence – In cost escalation, Kerala is among the top states.
- Bare-bones (adjective) – जरुरी जानकारी
Meaning – the most basic features or details
Synonyms – concise, condensed, contracted, compressed, abbreviated, reduced, decreased
Sentence – The previous edition of the film was a non-anamorphic bare-bones disc.
- Significantly (adverb) – अर्थपूर्णता से
Meaning – by a large amount, or in a way that is easily noticeable
Synonyms – remarkably, outstandingly, importantly, seriously
Sentence – Energy bills have increased significantly this year.
- Negotiate (verb) – तय करना
Meaning – Obtain or bring about by discussion.
Synonyms – work out, thrash out, hammer out, reach an agreement on
Sentence – He negotiated a new contract with the sellers.
- Eventually (adverb) – आखिरकार
Meaning – at the end of a process or period of time in which many things happen
Synonyms – in the end, in due course, by and by, in time, after some time, after a period of time, finally.
Sentence – Eventually, after midnight, I arrived at the hotel.
- On the ground (Phrase)
Meaning – in the place being discussed
- Obvious (adjective) – ज़ाहिर, स्पष्ट
Meaning – clear to almost anyone
Synonyms – clear, plain, plain to see, crystal clear, evident, apparent, manifest.
Sentence – Unemployment has been the most obvious cost of the recession.
- Perplexing (adjective) – हैरान करनेवाला
Meaning – confusing
Sentence – A perplexing problem.
- Clause (noun) – धारा, वाक्यांश
Meaning – a part of a legal document or law that officially states that something must be done
Synonyms – paragraph, article, subsection, note, item, point.
Sentence – Under a provision referred to as clause 24 of the contract there was a time limit.
- Altogether (adverb) – कुल मिलाकर, पूर्ण रूप से
Meaning – completely
Synonyms – totally, entirely, absolutely, wholly, fully, thoroughly
Sentence – I stopped seeing her altogether.
- Deplete (verb) – व्यय करना
Meaning – to reduce the amount of something or the number of things
Synonyms – use up, consume, expend, spend, drain, empty.
Sentence – Supplies are depleting fast.
- Fleet (noun) – बेड़ा, जहाज़ों का बेड़ा
Meaning – a group of vehicles, planes, boats, or trains, especially when they are owned by one organization or person
Sentence – The small port supports a fishing fleet.
- Flyaway (adjective) – उड़ जाना
Meaning – (of a person’s hair) fine and difficult to control.
Synonyms – light, delicate, wispy, floaty, feathery
Sentence – The gel is designed to smooth down flyaway hair.
- Strategic (adjective) – सामरिक, रणनीति-संबंधी
Meaning – Relating to the identification of long-term or overall aims and interests and the means of achieving them.
Synonyms – planned, calculated, deliberate
Sentence – Progress in achieving our strategic goals is contained in this Report.
- Fray (noun) – दंगा, लड़ाई
Meaning – an exciting activity or situation in which someone competes with other people
Synonyms – unravelled, worn, well worn, threadbare, tattered, ragged, holey
Sentence – The hallway was a drab grey and the worn carpet was fraying.
- Vigour (noun) – ताक़त, शक्ति
Meaning – Physical strength and good health.
Synonyms – healthiness, good health, hardiness, strength, stamina
Sentence – He has managed to retain his youthful vigour.
- Preparedness – तत्परता, मुस्तैद
Meaning – the state of being ready for something
Synonyms – anticipation, planning, forward planning, provision
Sentence – The country maintained a high level of military preparedness.
- Owing to (phrase)
Meaning – because of something
- Acquisition (noun) – अर्जन, अभिग्रहण
Meaning – the process of buying something or obtaining it in some other way
Synonyms – purchase, accession, addition, asset
Sentence – The overriding problem with acquisitions is in integrating the new assets.
- Jeopardise (verb) – ख़तरे में डालना
- Meaning – to risk damaging or destroying something important
Synonyms – threaten, endanger, imperil, menace, risk, put at risk
Sentence – These orders must be followed to the letter, Recin, or we risk jeopardizing the mission.
- Unconvincingly (adverb)
Meaning – in a way that does not seem true or real
Sentence – I think the men in the garage would then maybe smile, but unconvincingly and maybe say, ‘Yeah, all right mate.
- Accommodating (adjective) – मिलनसार
Meaning – helpful and easy to work with
Synonyms – obliging, cooperative, helpful, eager to help, eager to please, adaptable.
Sentence – We always found the our local branch most accommodating.
- Briefing (noun) – वार्ता, पत्रसार
Meaning – a meeting or document in which people receive information or instructions
Synonyms – information, orientation, preparation, rundown
Sentence – A media briefing in the House of Commons.
- Presumption (noun) – अनुमान, परिकल्पना, संभावना
Meaning – An idea that is taken to be true on the basis of probability.
Sentence – Underlying presumptions about human nature.
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