Tamil Nadu was more prepared than before to deal with Cyclone Gaja when it made landfall between Nagapattinam and Vedaranyam on November 16, but it still took a toll of at least 45 lives.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Cyclone Gaja: Being prepared against extreme events) – Nov 19, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Cyclone Gaja: Being prepared against extreme events) – Nov 19, 2018
- Resilience (noun) – लचीलापन
Meaning – The capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness.
Synonyms – Flexibility, pliability, suppleness, plasticity, elasticity, springiness, spring, give.
Sentence – Family therapists may be their best allies in passing on resilience.
- Landfall (noun) – भूस्खलन
Meaning – A collapse of a mass of land; a landslide.
Sentence – He made landfall and fixed his position.
- Take its toll (phrase)
Meaning – have an adverse effect.
- Pay off (phrasal verb)
Meaning – be successful, be effective, get results.
- Bureaucracy (noun) – नौकरशाही
Meaning – A system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Synonyms – government, the establishment, administration.
Sentence – Most bureaucracies encourage their people to be the first and only line of defense.
- Mitigate (verb) – कम करना, घटाना
Meaning – Make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Synonyms – diminish, reduce, lessen.
Sentence – One is to develop a serious plan for mitigating extreme poverty.
- Catastrophic (adjective) – आपत्तिजनक, प्रलयंकर
Meaning – Involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
Synonyms – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
Sentence – Officials say the hurricane could cause catastrophic damage.
- Classify (verb) – वर्गीकृत, श्रेणीबद्ध करना
Meaning – Arrange (a group of people or things) in classes or categories according to shared qualities or characteristics.
Synonyms – categorize, list, group.
Sentence – Soils within the park have been classified into 29 types.
- Vulnerability (noun) – दोष पूर्णता, अतिसंवेदनशीलता
Meaning – The quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
Synonyms – weakness, defencelessness, frailty, susceptibility.
Sentence – The report stresses the vulnerability of farmers in the marketplace.
- Partisan (adjective) – पक्षपातपूर्ण, कट्टर
Meaning – A strong supporter of a party, cause, or person.
Synonyms – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
Sentence – True democracy is dreaded by partisans of the old left and right alike.
- Get in the way of (phrase)
Meaning – to obstruct something.
- Rehabilitation (noun) – पुनर्वास
Meaning – the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal.
Sentence – He tells of raising four siblings alone while his mother took drug rehabilitation.
- Contrast (noun) – विरोध
Meaning – The state of being strikingly different from something else in juxtaposition or close association.
Synonyms – difference, dissimilarity, contradiction/incongruity.
Sentence – The contrast between the two men couldn’t be more distinct.
- Livestock (noun) – पशु, मवेशी
Meaning – Farm animals regarded as an asset.
Sentence – The government took the initiative to send seed and livestock to these farms.
- Provision (noun) – प्रावधान
Meaning – The action of providing or supplying something for use.
Synonyms – supplying, giving, providing, allocation, distribution.
Sentence – The Government’s provision of a limited amount of more money is welcome.
- Far fewer (phrase)
Meaning – much less (with a large difference).
- Casualty (noun) – दुर्घटना, दुर्घटना का शिकार
Meaning – A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Synonyms – victim, fatality, dead and injured.
Sentence – Regardless of this, the casualty figures for the Black Death were massive.
- Hazard (noun) – जोखिम
Meaning – A danger or risk.
Synonyms – danger, risk, peril.
Sentence – The 1998 case is a notorious example of the hazards of credit risk.
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1 thought on “The Hindu Editorial (Cyclone Gaja: Being prepared against extreme events) Vocab – 19 Nov, 2018”
very helpful sir