The devastating fire at the Andheri hospital of the Employees State Insurance Corporation in Mumbai that killed at least eight people is a shocking reminder of the low priority fire safety gets in India.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Fatal Fires: the need for strict safety norms) – Dec 19, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Fatal Fires: the need for strict safety norms) – Dec 19, 2018
- Fatal (adjective) – घातक
Meaning – Causing death.
Synonyms – deadly, lethal, killing.
Sentence – Once a person develops symptoms, the disease is usually fatal.
- Devastating (adjective) – भयानक
Meaning – Highly destructive or damaging.
Synonyms – destructive, disastrous, catastrophic.
Sentence – Russian armies crushed the rebellions, with devastating effects for Polish nationhood.
- Call into question (phrase)
Meaning – doubt, distrust, challenge.
- Negligent (adjective) – लापरवाह
Meaning – Failing to take proper care over something.
Synonyms – careless/heedless, irresponsible, inattentive.
Sentence – The negligent defendant, or more usually his insurer, takes his victim as he finds him.
- Adhere (verb) – पालन करना
Meaning – Closely follow, observe, or represent.
Synonyms – abide by, stick to, comply with.
Sentence – stick to, hold to, comply with, stand by
- In spite of (phrase)
Meaning – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
- Adverse (adjective) – विपरीत
Meaning – Preventing success or development.
Synonyms – dangerous, unfavourable, disadvantageous.
Sentence – It was bound to attract adverse publicity and bring the profession into disrepute.
- Statutory (adjective) – वैधानिक
Synonyms – legitimate, permissible, admissible.
Sentence – He has concluded that there is no statutory prohibition against extradition.
- Ironically (adverb) – विडम्बना से
Meaning – In an ironic manner.
Synonyms – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
Sentence – Farming, ironically, is the mainstay of the economy, but the agricultural sector is in shambles.
- Well-being (adjective) – हाल चाल
Meaning – The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.
Synonyms – welfare, good health, comfort/happiness.
Sentence – An improvement in the patient’s well-being.
- Evoke (verb) – पुकारना, आह्वान करना
Meaning – Bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.
Synonyms – invoke, give rise to, bring forth.
Sentence – On seeing the picture, it evoked pleasant memories of times spent at school in the past.
- Patchy (adjective) – विचित्र
Meaning – Existing or happening in small, isolated areas.
Synonyms – uneven, intermittent.
Sentence – The treated limb will show patchy areas of pallor caused by arteriolar constriction.
- At best (phrase)
Meaning – only, merely, simply.
- Hazard (noun) – जोखिम
Meaning – A danger or risk.
Synonyms – danger, risk, peril.
Sentence – The main hazard is the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
- Incapacitated (adjective) – अक्षम
Meaning – Deprived of strength or power
Synonyms – unfit, disabled, debilitated
Sentence – Richard was temporarily incapacitated.
- Combustible (adjective) – ईंधन
Meaning – Able to catch fire and burn easily.
Synonyms – flammable, incendiary, explosive.
Sentence – It is combustible like everything else in this room.
- Going forward (phrase)
Meaning – from now on, in the future.
- Compliance (noun) – अनुपालन
Meaning – The action or fact of complying with a wish or command
Synonyms – observation, adherence, conformity.
Sentence – In order to ensure compliance, we need also to develop our means of action.
- Liability (noun) – देयता
Meaning – The state of being legally responsible for something.
Synonyms – financial obligation, debt, indebtedness.
Sentence – The bank’s liability in such cases is discussed in Chapter 12.
- Shed (verb) – बहाना
Meaning – Discard (something undesirable, superfluous, or outdated)
Synonyms – discard, get rid of, abandon/do away with.
Sentence – So is this the nasty party shedding its repulsive past?
- Indifference (noun) – उदासीनता
Meaning – Lack of interest
Synonyms – disregard, concern, or sympathy, apathy/unconcern.
Sentence – All concerned proceeded with general indifference to the constitutional issues involved.
- Depressing (adjective) – निराशाजनक
Meaning – Causing or resulting in a feeling of miserable dejection.
Synonyms – upsetting, distressing, discouraging.
Sentence – It’s also makes for a dingy, depressing way to live.
- Tokenism (noun)
Meaning – the practice or policy of making symbolic efforts to impress (minority) people and the people to think that the organisation is dealing with problems fairly but actually it is not.
Sentence – We are allowing our countryside to be destroyed for the sake of environmental tokenism.
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