The fickle nature of the global petroleum market has been on display over the last few days as prices reacted to statements and counter-statements by producers and consumers.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Changing trends?: on the global petroleum market) – Nov 14, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Changing trends?: on the global petroleum market) – Nov 14, 2018
- Fickle (adjective) – चंचल, अस्थिर
Meaning – Changing frequently, especially as regards one’s loyalties or affections.
Synonyms – volatile, changeable, variable, irregular.
Sentence – Rock music is a harsh world, presided over by a fickle, unforgiving public.
- Discomfort (noun) – बेचैनी, असुविधा
Meaning – Slight pain.
Synonyms – difficulty, trouble, hardship, distress.
Sentence – Deep palpation of the right upper abdominal quadrant caused mild discomfort and pain.
- Slip (verb) – चूक, भूल करना, ध्यान न देना
Meaning – (of an object) accidentally slide or move out of position or from someone’s grasp.
Synonyms – decline, drop, degenerate.
Sentence – Her bag slipped from her grasp, spilling its contents across the tiled floor.
- Cartel (noun) – उत्पादक संघ, कैदियों का बदला
Meaning – An association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.
Synonyms – Syndicate, mob, band, organization, confederation, confederacy.
Sentence – They organize a cartel for the purpose of raising the price for the product in question.
- Ramp up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – increase.
- Apprehension (noun) – डर, शंका
Meaning – Anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Synonyms – concern, doubt, qualm, misgiving.
Sentence – There will be no one who is able to respond sympathetically to his innermost fears and apprehensions.
- In the wake of (phrase)
Meaning – aftermath, as a result of, because of.
- Sanctions (noun) – प्रतिबंधों, अनुमोदन
Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
Synonyms – penalty, punishment, deterrent.
Sentence – The only response from Washington has been to threaten economic sanctions.
- Waiver (noun) – त्याग, छूट-पत्र
Meaning – An act or instance of waiving a right or claim.
Synonyms – renunciation, abandonment, rejection, deferral.
Sentence – The tuition waivers are also available to all foster children.
- Streak (noun) – लकीर, रेखा से अंकित करना
Meaning – A long, thin line or mark of a different substance or colour from its surroundings.
Synonyms – period, spell, stretch, time.
Sentence – Their heads and faces are plain, without lines or streaks.
- Owing to (phrase)
Meaning – because of, as a result of, on account of.
- Downtrend (noun) – गिरावट
Meaning – A downward tendency, especially in economic matters.
Synonyms – decline, downturn, slump, nosedive.
Sentence – The US economy is still on a strong downtrend with no signs of stabilisation yet on the horizon.
- Sustained (adjective) – निरंतर
Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
Sentence – Not surprisingly, the fans greeted the news with an eruption of sustained applause.
- Jittery (adjective) – चिड़चिड़ा, परेशान
Meaning – Nervous or unable to relax.
Synonyms – nervous, anxious, stressed, worried.
Sentence – Central Office at the moment is a nervous, jittery, uneasy place.
- Negate (verb) – नकारना
Meaning – Make ineffective, nullify.
Synonyms – nullify, make ineffective, deny, reject.
Sentence – Alcohol negates the effects of the drug.
- Bullish (adjective) – तेजी
Meaning – Aggressively confident and self-assertive.
Synonyms – optimistic, hopeful, buoyant, positive.
Sentence – Reading interviews at the time, he struck me as being positively bullish in his defence.
- Non-committal (adjective) – कपटपूर्ण, टाल-मटोल करने वाला
Meaning – Not expressing or revealing commitment to a definite opinion or course of action.
Synonyms – careful, circumspect, reserved, diplomatic.
Sentence – It is one of the most non-committal responses on record.
- Weigh down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – trouble, worry, bother, disturb.
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