The Hindu Editorial (Changing trends?) Vocab – 14 Nov, 2018

The fickle nature of the global petroleum market has been on display over the last few days as prices reacted to statements and counter-statements by producers and consumers.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Changing trends?: on the global petroleum market) – Nov 14, 2018.

Read This Article: – Changing trends?: on the global petroleum market

Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Changing trends?: on the global petroleum market) – Nov 14, 2018

  • Fickle (adjective) – चंचल, अस्थिर
    Meaning – Changing frequently, especially as regards one’s loyalties or affections.
    Synonyms – volatile, changeable, variable, irregular.
    Sentence – Rock music is a harsh world, presided over by a fickle, unforgiving public.
  • Discomfort (noun)बेचैनी, असुविधा
    Meaning – Slight pain.
    Synonyms – difficulty, trouble, hardship, distress.
    Sentence – Deep palpation of the right upper abdominal quadrant caused mild discomfort and pain.
  • Slip (verb) – चूक, भूल करना, ध्यान न देना
    Meaning –  (of an object) accidentally slide or move out of position or from someone’s grasp.
    Synonyms – decline, drop, degenerate.
    Sentence – Her bag slipped from her grasp, spilling its contents across the tiled floor.
  • Cartel (noun)उत्पादक संघ, कैदियों का बदला
    Meaning – An association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.
    Synonyms – Syndicate, mob, band, organization, confederation, confederacy.
    Sentence – They organize a cartel for the purpose of raising the price for the product in question.
  • Ramp up (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – increase.
  • Apprehension (noun)डर, शंका
    Meaning – Anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
    Synonyms – concern, doubt, qualm, misgiving.
    Sentence – There will be no one who is able to respond sympathetically to his innermost fears and apprehensions.
  • In the wake of (phrase) 
    Meaning – 
    aftermath, as a result of, because of.
  • Sanctions (noun) – प्रतिबंधों, अनुमोदन
    Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
    Synonyms – penalty, punishment, deterrent.
    Sentence – The only response from Washington has been to threaten economic sanctions.
  • Waiver (noun)त्याग, छूट-पत्र
    Meaning – An act or instance of waiving a right or claim.
    Synonyms – renunciation, abandonment, rejection, deferral.
    Sentence – The tuition waivers are also available to all foster children.
  • Streak (noun) लकीर, रेखा से अंकित करना
    Meaning – A long, thin line or mark of a different substance or colour from its surroundings.
    Synonyms – period, spell, stretch, time.
    Sentence – Their heads and faces are plain, without lines or streaks.
  • Owing to (phrase) 
    Meaning – because of, as a result of, on account of.
  • Downtrend (noun)गिरावट
    Meaning – A downward tendency, especially in economic matters.
    Synonyms – decline, downturn, slump, nosedive.
    Sentence – The US economy is still on a strong downtrend with no signs of stabilisation yet on the horizon.
  • Sustained (adjective)निरंतर
    Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
    Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
    Sentence – Not surprisingly, the fans greeted the news with an eruption of sustained applause.
  • Jittery (adjective)चिड़चिड़ा, परेशान
    Meaning – Nervous or unable to relax.
    Synonyms – nervous, anxious, stressed, worried.
    Sentence – Central Office at the moment is a nervous, jittery, uneasy place.
  • Negate (verb) – नकारना
    Meaning – Make ineffective, nullify.
    Synonyms – nullify, make ineffective, deny, reject.
    Sentence – Alcohol negates the effects of the drug.
  • Bullish (adjective) – तेजी
    Meaning – Aggressively confident and self-assertive.
    Synonyms – optimistic, hopeful, buoyant, positive.
    Sentence – Reading interviews at the time, he struck me as being positively bullish in his defence.
  • Non-committal (adjective)कपटपूर्ण, टाल-मटोल करने वाला
    Meaning – Not expressing or revealing commitment to a definite opinion or course of action.
    Synonyms – careful, circumspect, reserved, diplomatic.
    Sentence – It is one of the most non-committal responses on record.
  • Weigh down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – trouble, worry, bother, disturb.
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Signs of a turnaround) Vocab – 02 Jan, 2019

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