Among the first decisions taken by Ashok Gehlot’s government after assuming power in Rajasthan was to scrap minimum educational requirements for candidates contesting local body elections.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A liberal move: on Rajasthan govt scrapping educational criteria for local polls) – Jan 01, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A liberal move: on Rajasthan govt scrapping educational criteria for local polls) – Jan 01, 2019
- Scrap (verb) – रद्दी माल, फेंकना
Meaning – Abolish or cancel (a plan, policy, or law)
Synonyms – abandon, cancel, abolish.
Sentence – He supports the idea that road tax should be scrapped.
- Criterion (noun) – मापदंड
Meaning – A principle or standard by which something may be judged or decided.
Synonyms – basis, standard, norm.
Sentence – There will also be a review of all existing holders to make sure they meet the new criteria.
- Strike a blow for (phrase)
Meaning – do something to help/support.
- Stipulate (verb) – शर्त लगाना, अनुबंध करना
Meaning – Demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of an agreement.
Synonyms – specify, set down, lay down.
Sentence – The system stipulates the rules and requirements that must be observed by the two parties.
- Prerequisite (noun) – शर्त, आधार, जरूरी
Meaning – A thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist.
Synonyms – necessary condition, essential, requirement.
Sentence – Such experiments require at least two prerequisites.
- Fray (noun) – दंगा, लड़ाई
Meaning – A battle or fight.
Synonyms – contest/competition, engagement, conflict
Sentence – He charged into the thick of the fray and went down fighting.
- Ill-considered (adjective) – चेतनाशून्य
Meaning – Badly thought out.
Synonyms – unconsidered, ill-advised, ill-judged/unwise.
Sentence – In the heat of the moment ill-considered remarks are often made.
- Paternalism (noun)
Meaning – behaviour of people in authority in a fatherly manner restricting rights or responsibilities of subordinate and make decisions on their own.
Sentence – I moved towards the right by talking to the alleged ‘beneficiaries’ of liberal paternalism.
- Penalise (verb) – दंड देना
Meaning – Subject to a penalty or punishment.
Synonyms – punish, discipline, deal with.
Sentence – As a result householders are being penalised by ever increasing charges.
- The marginalised (noun) – हाशिये पर
Meaning – (of a person, group, or concept) treated as insignificant or peripheral.
Sentence – Members of marginalized cultural groups.
- Uphold (verb) – कायम रखना
Meaning – Confirm or support (something which has been questioned)
Synonyms – preserve, protect, validate/justify.
Sentence – The court upheld his claim for damages.
- Persuade (verb) – राज़ी करना
Meaning – Cause (someone) to believe something, especially after a sustained effort; convince.
Synonyms – convince, influence, coax/prompt.
Sentence – Health boards were finally persuaded of the desirability of psychiatric units.
- Cue (noun) – संकेत
Meaning – A thing said or done that serves as a signal to an actor or other performer to enter or to begin their speech or performance.
Synonyms – sign, indication, hint.
Sentence – She had not yet been given her cue to come out on to the dais.
- Recast (verb) – मरम्मत, पुनर्निर्माण
Meaning – Give (a metal object) a different form by melting it down and reshaping it.
Synonyms – rework, remodel, adapt/change.
Sentence – This metal would be recast into additional cannon.
- Ways and means (phrase)
Meaning – methods and resources.
- Representative (adjective) – प्रतिनिधि
Meaning – (of a government or political system) based on elected or chosen representatives.
Synonyms – democratic.
Sentence – None of this is an argument against representative government.
- Desist (verb) – विरत, उदासीन होना
Meaning – Stop doing something; cease or abstain.
Synonyms – abstain, refrain, hold back.
Sentence – The management warned the group to cease and desist from using this name.
- Breach (noun) – उल्लंघन
Meaning – An act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.
Synonyms – contravention, violation, infringement.
Sentence – I am talking about gross breaches of code of conduct.
- Grassroots (plural noun) – साधारण जनसमुदाय
Meaning – the most basic level of an organisation.
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