The Hindu Editorial (Long road home: Hamid Nihal Ansari’s return) Vocab – 21 Dec, 2018

The return to India of Hamid Nihal Ansari, an engineer from Mumbai who spent six years in a Pakistani prison, is cause for cheer on the otherwise bleak landscape of India-Pakistan relations.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Long road home: Hamid Nihal Ansari’s return) – Dec 21, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Long road home: Hamid Nihal Ansari’s return) – Dec 21, 2018


  • Humane (adjective) – दयालु
    Meaning – Having or showing compassion or benevolence.
    Synonyms – compassionate, generous; socially concerned.
    Sentence – The Council will at all times act in a humane and compassionate fashion.
  • Bleak (adjective) – बेरंग, ज़ाहिर
    Meaning – (of a situation) not hopeful or encouraging; unlikely to have a favourable outcome.
    Synonyms – unpromising, unfavourable, disadvantageous (situation).
    Sentence – I think that the Air Canada situation is pretty bleak.
  • Landscape (noun) – परिदृश्य
    Meaning – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
    Sentence – the event transformed the political landscape.
  • Plight (noun) – दुर्दशा
    Meaning – A dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation.
    Synonyms –difficult situation, awkward situation, mess, difficulty, problematic situation, issue.
    Sentence – One cannot blame her for feeling this way at all, given her difficult plight.
  • Befriend (verb) – मित्रवत व्यवहार करना
    Meaning – Act as or become a friend to (someone), especially when they are in need of help or support.
    Synonyms – make friends with, support/back, stand by.
    Sentence – He befriends this young boy, who hopes to remain friends following their hospital stay.
  • Espionage (noun) – जासूसी
    Meaning – The practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
    Synonyms – spying, undercover work, infiltration/counter-intelligence.
    Sentence – He was not charged with espionage and has repeatedly denied giving information to China.
  • Ordeal (noun) – परख, आज़माइश
    Meaning – A very unpleasant and prolonged experience.
    Synonyms – painful experience, unpleasant experience, difficulty.
    Sentence – The ordeal of the bereaved families is a sobering reminder to ministers.
  • Keep alive (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – nurse, perpetuate, keep going/continue/sustain.
  • Deter (verb) – रोक रखना
    Meaning – Prevent the occurrence of.
    Synonyms – prevent, stop, avert.
    Sentence – The arrival of a police car would have forestalled or deterred such an attack by itself.
  • To one’s credit (phrase)
    Meaning – used to mention that someone deserves praise/admiration.
  • Sustained (adjective) – निरंतर
    Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
    Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
    Sentence – Community opposition was vigorous, and sustained.
  • Whereabouts (noun) – ठिकाने
    Meaning – Where or approximately where.
    Synonyms – location, position, situation.
    Sentence – Whereabouts do you come from?
  • Consular (adjective) 
    Meaning – relating to the consul or consulate in a foreign city.
    Sentence – A consular official must interview applicants.
  • Commend (verb) – सराहना करना
    Meaning – Praise formally or officially.
    Synonyms – admire, honour, praise.
    Sentence – He was commended by the judge for his courageous actions.


  • Expedite (verb) – शीघ्र
    Meaning – Make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
    Synonyms – speed up, accelerate, hurry.
    Sentence – He promised to expedite economic reforms.
  • Pro bono (adjective) – समर्थक
    Meaning – Denoting work undertaken without charge, especially legal work for a client on low income.
    Synonyms – free, without charge, for nothing.
    Sentence – A legal firm offers on-site pro bono legal services for noncriminal matters to our patients.
  • Downturn (noun) – मोड़
    Meaning – A decline in economic, business, or other activity.
    Synonyms – setback, upset/blow, decline (in business activity).
    Sentence – A downturn in the housing market.
  • Conviction (noun) – दोषसिद्धि
    Meaning – A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
    Synonyms – declaration/pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement.
    Sentence – She had a previous conviction for a similar offence.
  • Nothing short of (phrase)
    Meaning – almost; little less than.
  • Repatriation (noun) – देश-प्रत्यावर्तन
    Meaning – The return of someone to their own country.
    Sentence – Repatriation is one of the great neglected areas of expatriate life.
  • Inadvertently (adverb) – अनजाने में
    Meaning – Without intention
    Synonyms – accidentallyunintentionally; unwittingly.
    Sentence – His name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.
  • Trespass (verb) – अतिचार
    Meaning – Enter someone’s land or property without permission.
    Synonyms – encroach on, invade, infringe.
    Sentence – There is no excuse for trespassing on railway property.
  • Hold hostage (phrase)
    Meaning – keep someone as a hostage.
  • Prolong (verb) – बढ़ाना
    Meaning – Extend the duration of.
    Synonyms – lengthen, extend, protract.
    Sentence – When does medical care merely prolong a person’s dying time?
  • Impoverished (adjective) – गरीब
    Meaning – (of a person or area) made poor.
    Synonyms – weakened, exhausted; poor/poverty-stricken.
    Sentence – Impoverished villages.


Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Clear the air: on Rafale deal) Vocab – 21 Jan, 2019


Note – 

  • This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

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