The return to India of Hamid Nihal Ansari, an engineer from Mumbai who spent six years in a Pakistani prison, is cause for cheer on the otherwise bleak landscape of India-Pakistan relations.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Long road home: Hamid Nihal Ansari’s return) – Dec 21, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Long road home: Hamid Nihal Ansari’s return) – Dec 21, 2018
- Humane (adjective) – दयालु
Meaning – Having or showing compassion or benevolence.
Synonyms – compassionate, generous; socially concerned.
Sentence – The Council will at all times act in a humane and compassionate fashion.
- Bleak (adjective) – बेरंग, ज़ाहिर
Meaning – (of a situation) not hopeful or encouraging; unlikely to have a favourable outcome.
Synonyms – unpromising, unfavourable, disadvantageous (situation).
Sentence – I think that the Air Canada situation is pretty bleak.
- Landscape (noun) – परिदृश्य
Meaning – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
Sentence – the event transformed the political landscape.
- Plight (noun) – दुर्दशा
Meaning – A dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation.
Synonyms –difficult situation, awkward situation, mess, difficulty, problematic situation, issue.
Sentence – One cannot blame her for feeling this way at all, given her difficult plight.
- Befriend (verb) – मित्रवत व्यवहार करना
Meaning – Act as or become a friend to (someone), especially when they are in need of help or support.
Synonyms – make friends with, support/back, stand by.
Sentence – He befriends this young boy, who hopes to remain friends following their hospital stay.
- Espionage (noun) – जासूसी
Meaning – The practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
Synonyms – spying, undercover work, infiltration/counter-intelligence.
Sentence – He was not charged with espionage and has repeatedly denied giving information to China.
- Ordeal (noun) – परख, आज़माइश
Meaning – A very unpleasant and prolonged experience.
Synonyms – painful experience, unpleasant experience, difficulty.
Sentence – The ordeal of the bereaved families is a sobering reminder to ministers.
- Keep alive (phrasal verb)
Meaning – nurse, perpetuate, keep going/continue/sustain.
- Deter (verb) – रोक रखना
Meaning – Prevent the occurrence of.
Synonyms – prevent, stop, avert.
Sentence – The arrival of a police car would have forestalled or deterred such an attack by itself.
- To one’s credit (phrase)
Meaning – used to mention that someone deserves praise/admiration.
- Sustained (adjective) – निरंतर
Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
Sentence – Community opposition was vigorous, and sustained.
- Whereabouts (noun) – ठिकाने
Meaning – Where or approximately where.
Synonyms – location, position, situation.
Sentence – Whereabouts do you come from?
- Consular (adjective)
Meaning – relating to the consul or consulate in a foreign city.
Sentence – A consular official must interview applicants.
- Commend (verb) – सराहना करना
Meaning – Praise formally or officially.
Synonyms – admire, honour, praise.
Sentence – He was commended by the judge for his courageous actions.
- Expedite (verb) – शीघ्र
Meaning – Make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
Synonyms – speed up, accelerate, hurry.
Sentence – He promised to expedite economic reforms.
- Pro bono (adjective) – समर्थक
Meaning – Denoting work undertaken without charge, especially legal work for a client on low income.
Synonyms – free, without charge, for nothing.
Sentence – A legal firm offers on-site pro bono legal services for noncriminal matters to our patients.
- Downturn (noun) – मोड़
Meaning – A decline in economic, business, or other activity.
Synonyms – setback, upset/blow, decline (in business activity).
Sentence – A downturn in the housing market.
- Conviction (noun) – दोषसिद्धि
Meaning – A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
Synonyms – declaration/pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement.
Sentence – She had a previous conviction for a similar offence.
- Nothing short of (phrase)
Meaning – almost; little less than.
- Repatriation (noun) – देश-प्रत्यावर्तन
Meaning – The return of someone to their own country.
Sentence – Repatriation is one of the great neglected areas of expatriate life.
- Inadvertently (adverb) – अनजाने में
Meaning – Without intention
Synonyms – accidentally, unintentionally; unwittingly.
Sentence – His name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.
- Trespass (verb) – अतिचार
Meaning – Enter someone’s land or property without permission.
Synonyms – encroach on, invade, infringe.
Sentence – There is no excuse for trespassing on railway property.
- Hold hostage (phrase)
Meaning – keep someone as a hostage.
- Prolong (verb) – बढ़ाना
Meaning – Extend the duration of.
Synonyms – lengthen, extend, protract.
Sentence – When does medical care merely prolong a person’s dying time?
- Impoverished (adjective) – गरीब
Meaning – (of a person or area) made poor.
Synonyms – weakened, exhausted; poor/poverty-stricken.
Sentence – Impoverished villages.
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