The Hindu Editorial (Choked by Smog: On Air Pollution) Vocab – 02 Nov, 2018

Air pollution is choking several cities in the northern States once again, as changes in temperature and slowing winds trap soot, dust and fine particulate matter. 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Choked by smog: on air pollution) – Nov 02, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Choked by smog) – Nov 02, 2018

  • Choke (verb) – दम घोंटना
    Meaning –
     (of a person or animal) have severe difficulty in breathing because of a constricted or obstructed throat or a lack of air.
    Synonyms – 
    suffocate, stifle, gag, struggle for air, fight for breath.
    Sentence – 
    I could hardly breathe, and every breath was choking me
  • Smog (noun)धुंध
    Meaning – Fog or haze intensified by smoke or other atmospheric pollutants.

    Synonyms – exhaust fumes, fumes, smoke, pollution, gas.
    Sentence – The infamous Delhi smog is an example of extreme air pollution.
  • Corrective (noun) – सुधारात्मक
    Meaning – A thing intended to correct or counteract something else
    Synonyms – remedy, curative, restorative, medication.
    Sentence – The necessary correctives, after all, would have to be brutal.
  • Lethal (adjective) – जानलेवा, घातक
    Meaning – Sufficient to cause death.
    Synonyms – deadly, fatal, killing.
    Sentence – The Krakatoa eruption was the most lethal on record. 
  • Soot (noun) – कालिख
    Meaning – A deep black powdery or flaky substance consisting largely of amorphous carbon, produced by the incomplete burning of organic matter.

    Sentence – We were constantly faced with black soot falling on the grass, on our houses.
  • Residue (noun) – अवशेष 
    Meaning – A small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used.
    Synonyms – remains, part leftovers, remnants.
    Sentence – Even when canned vegetables are rinsed small amounts of the residue remain.
  • Pollutant (noun) – प्रदूषक
    Meaning – A substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere.

    Synonyms – contamination, impurity, adulterant.
    Sentence – Exactly how air pollutants increase the risk of death is not well known.
  • Aggravate (verb)छेड़ना, बिगाड़ना
    Meaning – Make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious.

    Synonyms – worsen, make worse, exacerbate, compound.
    Sentence – Military action would only aggravate the situation.
  • Prevail (verb)प्रबल, प्रचलित होना, जीतना
    Meaning – Prove more powerful or superior.
    Synonyms – exist, be present, occur.
    Sentence – It is hard for logic to prevail over emotion.
  • Decisive (adjective) निर्णयात्मक
    Meaning – Settling an issue; producing a definite result.

    Synonyms – resolute, firm, determined.
    Sentence – That goal proved crucial as it was the only decisive result between the top four teams.
  • Sustainable (adjective) – सतत, धारणीय
    Meaning – Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.

    Synonyms – acceptable, valid, reliable, dependable.
    Sentence – Sustainable economic growth
  • Inflict (verb) थोपना, दण्ड देना
    Meaning – Cause (something unpleasant or painful) to be suffered by someone or something.
    Synonyms – impose, force, exact, administer to, deliver to.
    Sentence – She is wrong to inflict her beliefs on everyone else.
  • Degradation (noun) – घटाना, गिरावट, पतन
    Meaning – The condition or process of degrading or being degraded.
    Synonyms – humiliation, shame, deterioration, degeneration, decay, 
    Sentence – We all want to see recycling and an end to environmental degradation.
  • Mortality (noun)मृत्यु-दर
    Meaning – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate of death.

    Synonyms – temporality, impermanence, ephemerality.
    Sentence – It certainly brings up mortality and how we’ll feel when faced with death.
  • Trauma (noun) अभिघात, ज़ख़म, क्षति
    Meaning – A deeply distressing or disturbing experience.
    Synonyms – 
    torment, distress, suffering.
    Sentence –
     This evolutionary process has not been without its traumas.
  • Stubble (noun) –  खूंटी
    Meaning – The cut stalks of cereal plants left sticking out of the ground after the grain is harvested.

    Synonyms – dried stalks, straw (of a grain like wheat, rice & etc)
    Sentence – After harvesting the stubble would be set on fire which also killed new mallee shoots.’
  • Footprint (noun) – पदचिह्न, निशान
    Meaning – The impression left by a foot or shoe on the ground or a surface.
    Synonyms – footmark, footstep, track, print, mark, spoor, trace, impression.
    Sentence – This will reduce the utility’s carbon footprint.
  • Perspective (noun) – परिप्रेक्ष्य, स्वरूप
    Meaning –  The art of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other.
    Synonyms – 
    view, outlook, prospect, aspect.
    Sentence – 
    He also began studying female form and perspective in his art.
  • Reorient (verb)पुनः अनुकूल
    Meaning – Change the focus or direction of.
    Sentence –
    The country began reorienting its economic and social policies in 1988.

  • Portfolio (noun) – निवेश सूची, संविभाग
    Meaning – A range of investments held by a person or organization.
    Synonyms – 
    investments, shares, equities.
    Sentence –
    A portfolio of insured municipal securities

  • Escalate (verb) – गहरा बनाना, तीव्र करना, 
    Meaning – Increase rapidly.
    Synonyms – 
    increase rapidly, soar, increase.
    Sentence –
    The price of tickets escalated

  • Deterrent (adjective) – निवारक, रक्षा का 
    Meaning – A thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something.
    Synonyms – 
    disincentive, discouragement, damper.
    Sentence –
    Cameras are a major deterrent to crime.


Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (The gap within) Vocab – 24 Jan, 2019

Note – 

  • This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.


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