Bullying film-makers into shelving projects or effecting cuts is not new in India. However, it is not often that a State government or the ruling party resorts to threat and intimidation against a commercial film.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Beyond criticism?: on ‘Sarkar’ controversy) – Nov 10, 2018.
Read This Article: – Beyond criticism?: on ‘Sarkar’ controversy
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Beyond criticism?: on ‘Sarkar’ controversy) – Nov 10, 2018
- Uproar (noun) – कोलाहल, कुहराम
Meaning – A loud and impassioned noise or disturbance.
Synonyms – disorder, outcry, protest; commotion, disturbance.
Sentence – The room was in an uproar.
- Streak (noun) – लकीर, रेखा
Meaning – A long, thin line or mark of a different substance or colour from its surroundings.
Synonyms – element, vein, trace.
Sentence – They have a thin streak of white scales that extends above their anterior eyes.
- Intolerance (noun) – असहिष्णुता, न सहने योग्यता
Meaning – Unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behaviour that differ from one’s own.
Synonyms – bigotry, narrow-mindedness, illiberality/dogmatism.
Sentence – He can be sure that when he does, someone will accuse him of intolerance.
- Bully (verb) – धौंसिया, भयभीत करना
Meaning – A person who habitually seeks to harm or intimidate those whom they perceive as vulnerable.
Synonyms – coerce, intimidate, pressurize.
Sentence – He is a ranting, domineering bully.
- Resort to (Phras)
Meaning – use, utilize, turn to.
Sentence – I don’t have to resort to such underhand tricks.
- Ostensibly (adverb) – प्रत्यक्ष तौर पर
Meaning – apparently or purportedly
Synonyms – apparently, seemingly, on the face of it.
- Rampage (noun) – हिसात्मक आचरण
Synonyms – wild, violent, running amok, berserk.
- Chorus (noun) – सहगान, गाने वालों का समूह
Meaning – at the same time
Synonyms – in unison, together, simultaneously.
Sentence – They sang the chorus again.
- Decry (verb) – दोष देना, निंदा करना
Meaning – Publicly denounce.
Synonyms – denounce, condemn, criticize.
Sentence – They decried human rights abuses.
- Populist (adjective) – लोकलुभावन
Meaning – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
Synonyms – elected, representative, parliamentary.
Sentence – Apopulist opposition leader.
- Tacit (adjective) – मतलब रखा हुआ, अल्पभाषी, निहित
Meaning – Understood or implied without being stated.
Synonyms – implicit, indirect, hinted.
Sentence – Your silence may be taken to mean tacit agreement.
- Endorsement (noun) – समर्थन, पुष्टि
Meaning – The action of endorsing someone or something.
Synonyms – support, backing, approval.
Sentence – It should be in the hands of the people and require their endorsement.
- Blowback (noun)
Meaning – the unexpected (bad & harmful) outcomes of a political situation.
- Dispensation (noun) – व्यवस्था
Meaning – Exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
Synonyms – system, arrangement, organization.
Sentence – Industries now have to lobby and politicise to get dispensation.
- Renowned (adjective) – प्रसिद्ध
Meaning – Known or talked about by many people; famous.
Synonyms – well known, famous, much publicized.
Sentence – The classes he took became renowned for their excellence.
- Veiled (adjective) – ढंकना
Meaning – A piece of fine material worn by women to protect or conceal the face.
Synonyms – hidden, concealed, disguised/camouflaged.
Sentence – Traditionally, the bride wears a white gown and a veil.
- Snip (verb) – धज्जी, छाँटना, कैंची से कतरना
Meaning – Cut (something) with scissors or shears, typically with small quick strokes.
Synonyms – cut off, remove, trim/take off.
Sentence – The dress is really rough but I have been chopping and snipping it all day.
- Wilfully (adverb) – जान-बूझकर
Meaning – With the intention of causing harm; deliberately.
Synonyms – deliberately, purposefully.
Sentence – She denies four charges of wilfully neglecting a patient.
- Curtail (verb) – घटाना, संक्षिप्त करना
Meaning – Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.
Synonyms – reduce, decrease, lessen.
Sentence – In short, Mosley wants to curtail the scope and cost of development.
- Protagonist (noun) – नायक, समर्थक, तरफ़दार
Meaning – The leading character or one of the major characters in a play, film, novel, etc.
Synonyms – main character, mainstay, hero.
Sentence – She also wrote several novels with mixed-race protagonists.
- Nurture (verb) – पालन – पोषण करना
Meaning – Care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing.
Synonyms – encourage, promote, develop, foster.
Sentence – You can say something that will either nurture the relationship or tear it down.
- Ire (noun) – क्रोध
Meaning – Anger
Synonyms – anger, rage, fury, wrath.
Sentence – The plans provoked the ire of conservationists.
- Irony (noun) – व्यंग्य, ताना
Meaning – The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
Synonyms – paradox, incongruity, peculiarity.
Sentence – Expressing yourself through irony is the way to go these days..
- Nuance (noun) – अति सूक्ष्म अंतर
Meaning – A subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
Synonyms – variation, subtle difference, fine distinction.
Sentence – You can savor delicate musical nuances without disturbing others.
- Orchestrate (verb)
Meaning – Arrange or score (music) for orchestral performance.
Synonyms – mobilize, mastermind, choreograph/engineer.
Sentence – The situation has been orchestrated by a tiny minority.
- Celluloid (noun)
Meaning – A transparent flammable plastic made in sheets from camphor and nitrocellulose, formerly used for cinematographic film.
Synonyms – cinema, motion pictures, films.
- Stifle (verb) – दबाना, गला घोंटना, मारना
Meaning – Restrain (a reaction) or stop oneself acting on (an emotion)
Synonyms – constrain, oppress, prevent/impede.
Sentence – High taxes were stifling private enterprise.
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