The Hindu Editorial (Season’s worst) Vocab – 25 Jan, 2019

India, as the world’s fastest-growing major economy, may well be catching up with the richer economies in terms of absolute size. 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Season’s worst: on the influenza outbreak) – Jan 25, 2019.

Read This Article: – (Season’s worst: on the influenza outbreak)

 

Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Season’s worst: on the influenza outbreak) – Jan 25, 2019

 

  • Influenza (noun) एक तरह का बुखार
    Meaning – it is commonly known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
    Sentence – The best way to avoid influenza or reduce its symptoms is to get a flu shot every year.
  • Outbreak (noun) प्रकोप
    Meaning – A sudden occurrence of something unwelcome, such as war or disease.
    Synonyms – occurrence. outburst, epidemic.
    Sentence – We learned of a deadly cholera outbreak in the area.
  • Concerted (adjective) अनुकूल
    Meaning – Jointly arranged or carried out
    Synonyms – strenuous, vigorous; active & cooperative, coordinated.
    Sentence – A concerted attempt to preserve religious unity.
  • Periodic (adjective) – सामयिक, मीयादी
    Meaning – Appearing or occurring at intervals.
    Synonyms – regular, periodical, recurrent.
    Sentence – The periodic visits she made to her father.
  • Spurt (noun) उछाल
    Meaning – A sudden marked burst or increase of activity or speed.
    Synonyms – a sudden burst, increase of activity.
    Sentence – However, after an initial spurt of action, nothing else really happened.
  • Cry out for (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – require, demand, need. 
  • Contain (verb) नियंत्रित करना
    Meaning – Control or restrain (oneself or a feeling)
    Synonyms – control, stifle, restrain.
    Sentence – He must contain his hatred.
  • Caseload (noun) 
    Meaning – the number of cases with which a doctor is concerned at one time.
    Sentence – Given the caseloads of medical examiners, the quality of their science is sometimes suspect.
  • Soar (verb) – ऊंची उड़ान भरना
    Meaning – Increase rapidly above the usual level.
    Synonyms – rise rapidly, escalate, increase quickly.
    Sentence – the cost of living continued to soar
  • Toll (noun) टोल
    Meaning – The number of deaths or casualties arising from a natural disaster, conflict, accident, etc.
    Synonyms – (loss) number, count, total.
    Sentence – The toll of dead and injured mounted. 
  • Pertinent (adjective) – उचित
    Meaning – Relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite.
    Synonyms – relevant/suitable, apposite, appropriate/germane.
    Sentence – She asked me a lot of very pertinent questions.
  • Put in place (phrase) 
    Meaning – initiate, usher in, bring in.
  • Vaccination (noun) –  टीका
    Meaning – Treatment with a vaccine to produce immunity against a disease; inoculation.
    Synonyms – immunization, inoculation.
    Sentence – Vaccination against yellow fever is essential.
  • Put out (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – publish, release, publicize/circulate. 
  • Profiteering (noun) – सट्टेबाज़ी
    Meaning – Make or seek to make an excessive or unfair profit, especially illegally.
    Synonyms – extortion, racketeering, exploitation.
    Sentence – To prevent profiteering on bad news, the wagers would have been kept small.
  • Respiratory (adjective) – श्वसन
    Meaning – relating to or affecting breathing (or organs of breathing).
    Sentence – We transferred the patient to the intensive care unit for respiratory and inotropic support.
  • Etiquette (noun) – शिष्टाचार
    Meaning – The customary code of polite behaviour in society or among members of a particular profession or group.
    Synonyms – decorum/standards, formalities, rules of conduct.
    Sentence – The rules of etiquette are changing.
  • Mutation (noun) परिवर्तन
    Meaning – a significant and basic “alteration” in the DNA sequence.
    Synonyms – change, variation, modification, transformation, metamorphosis
    Sentence – First, new mod variants can arise by mutation and spread by drift.
  • Peer (verb) – सहकर्मी, बराबर होना
    Meaning – Look with difficulty or concentration at someone or something.
    Synonyms – look closely, observe, study.
    Sentence – He squinted, peering at it and trying to make out the figures.
  • Remedy (noun) उपाय
    Meaning – A medicine or treatment for a disease or injury.
    Synonyms – solution, answer, antidote/panacea.
    Sentence – Herbal remedies for aches and pains.
  • Oseltamivir (noun) 
    Meaning – the antiviral commonly deployed against flu (influenza).
  • Resurface (verb) फिर से संगठित करना
    Meaning – Come back up to the surface of water.
    Synonyms – come out, arise again.
    Sentence – He resurfaced beside the boat.
  • Comprehensive (adjective) व्यापक
    Meaning – Of large content or scope; wide-ranging.
    Synonyms – complete/full, thorough, extensive.
    Sentence – A comprehensive collection of photographs.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Beyond criticism?) Vocab – 10 Nov, 2018

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