The Hindu Editorial (Quota questions) Vocab – 09 Jan, 2019

Rattled by the erosion in upper caste votes in the recent Assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, the BJP government has attempted to recover this traditional vote base through an unapologetic political manoeuvre.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Quota questions: on 10% reservations) – Jan 09, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Quota questions: on 10% reservations) – Jan 09, 2019

 

  • Grounds (noun) – आधार
    Meaning – Factors forming a basis for action or the justification for a belief.
    Synonyms – reason/factor, cause, basis.
    Sentence – There are some grounds for optimism.
  • Rattle (verb) खड़खड़
    Meaning – Make (someone) nervous, worried, or irritated.
    Synonyms – disturb, discomfit, disconcert/unnerve.
    Sentence – She turned quickly, rattled by his presence. 
  • Erosion (noun) – कटाव, अपक्षरण
    Meaning –  The gradual destruction or diminution of something.
    Synonyms – destruction, deterioration, decline.
    Sentence –  The erosion of support for the party.
  • Unapologetic (adjective) – 
    Meaning – Not acknowledging or expressing regret.
    Synonyms – entrenched, deep-rooted, established.
    Sentence – He remained unapologetic about his decision. 
  • Manoeuvre (noun) पैंतरेबाज़ी
    Meaning –  A movement or series of moves requiring skill and care.
    Synonyms – operation, activity, movement.
    Sentence –  Attackers employed three maneuvers to generate movement and control.
  • Drum up (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning –  gather, collect, obtain.
  • Scrutiny (noun) संवीक्षा
    Meaning –  Critical observation or examination.
    Synonyms – observation, inspection, examination.
    Sentence – Every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny.
  • Lay down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning –  formulate, stipulate, enact (a rule).
  • Breach (verb) उल्लंघन, दरार
    Meaning –  An act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.
    Synonyms – break, contravene, violate.
    Sentence – A breach of confidence.
  • Purview (noun) परिधि, विस्तार
    Meaning –  The scope of the influence or concerns of something.
    Synonyms – range, scope, ambit.
    Sentence – It is not within the purview of the legal system to help us grieve.
  • Strike down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning –  abolish, annul, nullify  (a law or regulation).
  • Provision (noun) – प्रावधान
    Meaning –  The action of providing or supplying something for use.
    Synonyms – term, clause, requirement/condition.
    Sentence – New contracts for the provision of services.
  • Earmark (verb) दाग़ना, चिह्नित करना
    Meaning –  Designate (funds or resources) for a particular purpose.
    Synonyms – designate, reserve, set aside.
    Sentence – The cash had been earmarked for a big expansion of the programme.
  • Criterion (noun) – मापदंड
    Meaning –  A principle or standard by which something may be judged or decided.
    Synonyms – basis, standard, norm. (criteria is the plural form of criterion).
    Sentence –  He says that, in any case, there is little new in broadening the criteria for selection.
  • Warrant (verb) – अधिपत्र
    Meaning – A document issued by a legal
    Synonyms – justify, vindicate, validate/call for.
    Sentence –  The court issued a warrant for his arrest not backed for bail.
  • Ceiling (noun) अधिकतम सीमा
    Meaning –  The upper interior surface of a room or other similar compartment.
    Synonyms – cap, limit, upper limit.
    Sentence –  The books were stacked from floor to ceiling.
  • Parity (noun) – समानता
    Meaning –  The state or condition of being equal, especially as regards status or pay.
    Synonyms – equality, parallelism, unity.
    Sentence –  He feels Australian wines have a long way to go in reaching parity with France.
  • String (noun) – शृंखला
    Meaning –  A sequence of similar items or events.
    Synonyms – series, succession, chain/sequence (of similar events).
    Sentence – A string of burglaries.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (The gap within) Vocab – 24 Jan, 2019

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