The conviction of 16 personnel of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) for the massacre of Muslims committed 31 years ago is a rare instance of the justice system responding to the cry for accountability and justice.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Ending impunity: on Hashimpura massacre) – Nov 01, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Ending impunity: on Hashimpura massacre) – Nov 01, 2018.
- Impunity (Noun) – दण्ड से मुक्ति
Meaning – Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Synonyms – Immunity, Exemption/Freedom from punishment, Special treatment.
Sentence – Some ministers seem to be able to break the rules with impunity.
- Massacre (Noun) – नरसंहार
Meaning – An indiscriminateand brutal slaughter of many people.
Synonyms – Mass murder/Killing, Mass destruction, Slaughter.
Sentence – The chopper pilot, however, did not report the massacre.
- Retrieve (Verb) – पुनः प्राप्त
Meaning – Get or bring (something) back from somewhere.
Synonyms – Get back, Bring back, Recover, Regain (possession of).
Sentence – I have sent both of them to retrieve the rightful king.
- Conviction (Noun) – दोषसिद्धि
Meaning – A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
Synonyms – Declaration/pronouncement of guilt, sentence.
Sentence – She had a previous conviction for a similar offence.
- Systemic (Adjective) – प्रणालीगत
Meaning – Relating to a system, especially as opposed to a particular part.
Synonyms – Constructional, Organizational, Configurational.
Sentence – It is a systemic, chronic failure of a management right across the totality of the agency.
- Perfunctory (Adjective) – असावधान, बेपरवाह
Meaning – (of an action) carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort.
Synonyms – Casual, Uninterested, Careless, Desultory
Sentence – I performed a few perfunctory twirls and made good my escape.
- Abduct (adjective) – अपहरण करना
Meaning – Take (someone) away illegally by force or deception
Synonyms – Kidnap, Hold hostage, Hijack.
Sentence – You hear about people abducting kids all the time.
- Canal (Noun) – नहर, नाली
Meaning – An artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships inland or to convey water for irrigation.
Synonyms – inland waterway, channel, waterway.
Sentence – Keeping enough water in the canal to guarantee ships passage has become a problem.
- Charge sheet (noun) – आरोप पत्र
Meaning – A record made in a police station of the charges against a person.
Sentence – He also refused to sign the charge sheet without lawyers present.
- Personnel (noun) – कर्मियों, कर्मचारी वर्ग
Meaning – People employed in an organization or engaged in an organized undertaking such as military service.
Synonyms – Staff, Employees, Workforce, Manpower.
Sentence – Many of the personnel involved require training.
- Prosecution (noun) – अभियोग
Meaning – The institution and conducting of legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.
Synonyms – indictment, accusation, denunciation, trial, charge, summons, citation.
Sentence – Two people are facing possible prosecutions for malicious or criminal damage.
- Testimony (noun) – गवाही, साक्ष्य
Meaning – A formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law.
Synonyms – Proof, Evidence, Witness.
Sentence – At the first session in September the court heard the testimony of the two experts.
- Acquit (Verb) – बरी करना, अपराधमुक्त करना
Meaning – Free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.
Synonyms – Absolve, Clear, Exonerate, Exculpate, Declare innocent,
Sentence – The jury acquitted Bream of murder.
- En masse (Adverb) – सामूहिक रूप से
Meaning – In a group, all together.
Synonyms – together, all together, as a group, in a body, as one, as a whole.
Sentence – the cabinet immediately resigned en masse.
- Travesty (noun) – भड़ौआ, उपहासात्मक रचना
Meaning – A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
Synonyms – misrepresentation, distortion, perversion, corruption, poor imitation, poor substitute.
Sentence – The showpeople left calling it a travesty of justice.
- Nail (verb) – जकड़ना, पकड़ना
Meaning – To serve as a hook
Synonyms – catch, capture, arrest.
Sentence – Have you nailed the killer?
- Plea (noun) – दलील
Meaning – A request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
Synonyms – Petition, Appeal, Entreaty, Supplication.
Sentence – He made an urgent plea for the public to help catch the dealers.
- Deployment (noun) – तैनाती, परिनियोजन
Meaning – The movement of military troops to a particular place.
Sentence – A majority of Australians had disapproved of the troop deployment.
- Pinpoint (verb) – सटीक, तुच्छ, ठीक
Synonyms – Identity, Distinguish, Recognize, Correct, Unerring.
- Culpability (noun) – दोषी, अभियोज्यता
Meaning – Responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame.
Synonyms – Guilt, blame, fault, responsibility, accountability, liability, answerability
Sentence – A level of moral culpability.
- Unconscionable (adjective) – बेशरम
Meaning – Not right or reasonable.
Synonyms – unethical, immoral, indefensible, amoral, unprincipled.
Sentence – the unconscionable conduct of his son.
- Habituate (verb) – आदत डालना
Meaning – Make or become accustomed or used to something.
Synonyms – acclimatize, adjust, accustom, make used, acculturate.
Sentence – All birds had 10 days to habituate to the aviary.
- Prejudice (noun) – पक्षपात, प्रतिकूल प्रभाव
Meaning – Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Synonyms – Bigotry, intolerance, discrimination, preconception.
Sentence – Governments tend to impose the opinions and prejudices of the majority.
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