For a party that had appeared to be lost in the political wilderness over the past few years, the Congress has plenty to cheer about following the results in the recent round of Assembly elections.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Northern comfort: on Congress’s win in Hindi heartland) – Dec 12, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Northern comfort: on Congress’s win in Hindi heartland) – Dec 12, 2018
- Heartland (noun) – गहरा पीछा
Meaning – The central or most important part of a country, area, or field of activity.
Sentence – Wildlife sites in the heartland of Russia.
- Enthuse (verb) – अति उत्साहित करना
Meaning – Express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something.
Synonyms – motivate, excite, inspire, encourage.
Sentence – They both enthused over my new look.
- Run-up to (noun)
Meaning – A period/time before an important event.
- Wilderness (noun)
Meaning – a position of disapproval/dislike.
- Creditably (adverb) – श्रेयपूर्वक
Synonyms – laudably, notably, commendably.
Sentence – This man did not burn out and by all accounts performed his duties creditably.
- Revival (noun) – पुनः प्रवर्तन
Meaning – An improvement in the condition, strength, or fortunes of someone or something.
Synonyms – improvement, betterment, restoration.
Sentence – A revival in the fortunes of the party.
- Fortunes (noun) – भाग्य
Meaning – Chance or luck as an arbitrary force affecting human affairs.
Synonyms – circumstances, state of affairs, conditions.
Sentence – Some are not so lucky, but I believe that fortune has smiled on him.
- Gear up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – get ready, prepare, lay the groundwork.
- Keel (noun) – तली
Meaning – The lengthwise timber or steel structure along the base of a ship, supporting the framework of the whole, in some vessels extended downwards as a ridge to increase stability.
Synonyms – base, bottom, underside (support for framework).
Sentence – It’s not just a keel and hull and a deck and sails.
- Breast the tape (phrase)
Meaning – crossing the finish-line first and win a race.
- Interpret (verb) – व्याख्या
Meaning – Explain the meaning of (information or actions)
Synonyms – understand, construe, read.
Sentence – The evidence is difficult to interpret.
- Pointer (noun) – सूचक
Meaning – A long, thin piece of metal on a scale or dial which moves to indicate a figure or position.
Synonyms – indication, hint, signal.
Sentence – A scale and pointer indicated the relative angle.
- Play out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – happen, occur, take place.
- Short of (phrase)
Meaning – less than.
- Infuse (verb) – मन में बैठाना
Meaning – Instil (a quality) in someone or something.
Synonyms – imbue, inculcate, inspire.
Sentence – He did his best to infuse good humour into his voice.
- Trail (noun) – निशान, पगडंडी
Meaning – A beaten path through the countryside.
Synonyms – path, route, course.
Sentence – Country parks with nature trails.
- Sting (noun) – डंक, घाव
Meaning – A hurtful quality or effect.
Synonyms – heartbreak, agony, distress,severity.
Sentence – I recalled the sting of his betrayal.
- Make light of (phrase)
Meaning – downplay/understate, diminish, downgrade/reduce.
- Polarise (verb) – फूट डालना
Meaning – separate into two opposing groups.
Sentence – The cultural sphere has polarised into two competing ideological positions.
- Vacillation (noun) – अस्थिरता
Meaning – The inability to decide between different opinions or actions; indecision.
Synonyms – indecisiveness, irresoluteness, uncertainty.
Sentence – The First Minister’s vacillation over the affair.
- Recompense (noun) – बदला चुकाना
Meaning – Compensation or reward given for loss or harm suffered or effort made.
Synonyms – compensation, reparation, restitution.
Sentence – Adequate recompense for workers who lose their jobs.
- Erosion (noun) – कटाव
Meaning – The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
Synonyms – destruction, deterioration, decline.
Sentence – The problem of soil erosion.
- Citadel (noun) – गढ़
Meaning – A fortress, typically one on high ground above a city.
Synonyms – fortress, fort, stronghold, fortification.
Sentence – Each city was laid out on a grid plan with a high citadel and a lower city of domestic dwellings.
- Chunk of (noun) – टुकड़ा
Meaning – a significant amount of.
Sentence – She invested a chunk of her inheritance in the stock market.
- Anti-incumbency (noun) – विरोधी लहर
Meaning – a situation which is against elected officials currently in power; discontent against ruling government/ party in power.
- Take heart (phrase)
Meaning – to feel motivated.
- Overwhelmingly (adverb) – अत्यधिक रूप से
Meaning – with a great majority.
Sentence – The country voted overwhelmingly for independence.
- Ride high (phrase)
Meaning – be successful.
- Sub-par (adjective)
Meaning – below an average.
Sentence – That boy may be regarded as somewhat subpar by his female peers.
- Incumbent (noun) – निर्भर
Meaning – the current/existing/present holder of an office.
Synonyms – holder, bearer, occupant
Sentence – The very idea of the present incumbent supporting a factory occupation is laughable.
- Concede (verb) – स्वीकार करना
Meaning – Admit that something is true or valid after first denying or resisting it.
Synonyms – give up, relinquish, cede/hand over.
Sentence – It is true, as I concede in the essay, that money is fungible.
- Solace (noun) – सांत्वना, आश्वासन
Meaning – Comfort or consolation in a time of distress or sadness.
Synonyms – comfort, consolation/relief, support.
Sentence – She sought solace in her religion.
- Minuscule (adjective) – एक प्रकार का हस्तलेख
Synonyms – very small, insignificant, negligible.
- Embrace (noun) – आलिंगन
Meaning – Hold (someone) closely in one’s arms, especially as a sign of affection.
Synonyms – approval, adoption, integration.
Sentence – The two embraced, holding each other tightly.
- Landscape (noun) – परिदृश्य
Meaning – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
Sentence – The giant cacti that dominate this landscape.
- Introspect (verb) – आत्मनिरीक्षण
Meaning – Examine one’s own thoughts or feelings.
Synonyms – examine, analyse, assess (own/self).
Sentence – The potentially spiritual human being introspects and detects no inner spiritual fire.
- Intangible (adjective) – अमूर्त, अस्पृश्य
Meaning – Difficult or impossible to define or understand; vague and abstract.
Synonyms – indefinable, indescribable, inexpressible.
Sentence – Don’t they sound just a little bit vague, intangible, or unclear?
- Potent (adjective) – प्रबल, शक्तिशाली
Meaning – Having great power, influence, or effect.
Synonyms – powerful, strong, mighty/formidable.
Sentence – Thrones were potent symbols of authority.
- Disproportionately (adverb) – अनुपातहीन
Meaning – To an extent that is too large or too small in comparison with something else.
Synonyms – excessively, unduly, unnecessarily.
Sentence – Insufficient health insurance disproportionately affects women.
- Demonetisation (noun) – विमुद्रीकरण
Meaning – the act of deprive currency unit (note/coin) of its status as money.
Sentence – The demonetization of the local currency will be completed by June.
- Handicap (verb) – अपंगता
Meaning – A circumstance that makes progress or success difficult.
Synonyms – hamper, hinder; obstruct.
Sentence – The lack of capacity and facilities is also a handicap to success in the lower divisions.
- Straitjacket (noun) – हथकड़ी
Meaning – Used in reference to something that restricts freedom of action, development, or expression.
Synonyms – restriction, restraint, constraint.
Sentence – The government is operating in an economic straitjacket.
- Vigilantism (noun) – अतिसतर्कता
Meaning – unofficial way of punishing crime by a self-appointed group of people.
Sentence – I don’t believe in vigilantism or the violation of anybody’s rights.
- Underline (verb) – रेखांकित करना
Meaning – Draw a line under (a word or phrase) to give emphasis or indicate special type.
Synonyms – emphasize, highlight, point up.
Sentence – Anybody notice as your surfing around blogs that there are some words underlined?
- Arrest (verb) – गिरफ़्तार करना, बन्दी बनाना
Meaning – Stop or check (progress or a process)
Synonyms – stop, halt, end.
Sentence – The spread of the disease can be arrested.
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