The first advance estimate of gross domestic product (GDP) growth for 2018-19 released by the Central Statistics Office on Monday paints a mixed picture of the economy.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Caution ahead: on economic growth and election spending) – Jan 11, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Caution ahead: on economic growth and election spending) – Jan 11, 2019
- Populist (adjective) – लोकलुभावन
Meaning – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
Synonyms – representative, parliamentary, popular, of the people
Sentence – Party leaders plan to reprise the populist rhetoric that they used in the tax fight.
- Paint a picture of (phrase)
Meaning – tell, describe, outline.
- Aftermath (noun) – परिणाम
Meaning – The consequences or after-effects of a significant unpleasant event.
Synonyms – consequence, result/outcome, repercussion.
Sentence – Food prices soared in the aftermath of the drought.
- Demonetisation (noun) – विमुद्रीकरण
Meaning – the act of deprive currency unit (note/coin) of its status as money.
Sentence – The demonetization of the local currency will be completed by June.
- Rollout (noun)
Meaning – official launch/introduction.
Sentence – The national roll-out will be completed by summer.
- Conservative (adjective) – अपरिवर्तनवादी
Meaning – (of dress or taste) sober and conventional.
Synonyms – moderate, reasonable, cautious.
Sentence – She was dressed in a conservative black suit and pearls.
- Sequential (adjective) – क्रमबद्ध
Meaning – Forming or following in a logical order or sequence.
Synonyms – continuous, consecutive, straight.
Sentence – A series of sequential steps.
- Deceleration (noun) – मंदी
Meaning – Reduction in speed or rate.
Sentence – A deceleration in economic growth.
- Ail (verb) – बीमार होना
Meaning – Trouble or afflict (someone) in mind or body.
Synonyms – trouble, bother, distress.
Sentence – There is almost nothing a parent can do to ‘fix’ what ails teenagers.
- Put a halt to (phrase)
Meaning – to (cause to) stop doing something.
- Nascent (adjective) – आरम्भ होता हुआ
Meaning – (especially of a process or organization) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.
Synonyms – just beginning, developing, burgeoning.
Sentence – Economic mismanagement and poor coordination are casting storm clouds over a nascent recovery.
- Hold back (phrasal verb)
Meaning – desist, discontinue, refrain from doing something.
- Clear up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – solve, resolve, answer.
- Perennial (adjective) – चिरस्थायी
Meaning – Lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.
Synonyms – everlasting, unchanging, permanent.
Sentence – Perennial manifestations of urban crisis.
- Ill-advised (adjective) – मूर्ख, अविवेकी
Meaning – Unwise or imprudent.
Synonyms – misguided, short-sighted/thoughtless.
Sentence – You would be ill-advised to go on your own.
- Fiscal deficit (noun) – राजकोषीय घाटा
Meaning – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
- Crank up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – increase, enlarge, raise.
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