The conviction of two rioters for their role in the 1984 anti-Sikh violence in Delhi marks a rare success in the long struggle to bring the perpetrators to justice.
For Further Reading, visit “The Hindu“.
Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Justice, 34 years on: on the conviction in the anti-Sikh riots case) – Nov 22, 2018.
Read This Article: – (Justice, 34 years on: on the conviction in the anti-Sikh riots case)
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Justice, 34 years on: on the conviction in the anti-Sikh riots case) – Nov 22, 2018
- Conviction (noun) – दोषसिद्धि, दृढ़ विश्वास
Meaning – A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
Synonyms – declaration, pronouncement of guilt, sentence.
Sentence – She had a previous conviction for a similar offence.
- Glimmer (noun) – प्रभा, चमक, क्षीण प्रकाश
Meaning – A faint or wavering light.
Synonyms – faint sign, trace, hint.
Sentence – There was a mischievous glimmer in his eyes.
- Pogrom (noun) – तबाही
Meaning – An organized massacre of a particular ethnic group.
Synonyms – massacre, mass killing, carnage, persecution, destruction.
Sentence – The Nazis began a pogrom against Jewish people in Germany.
- Perpetrator (noun) – अपराधी
Meaning – A person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
Sentence – The perpetrators of this horrific crime must be brought to justice.
- Resurrect (verb) – पुनर्निर्माण करें, मरे हुए को जीवित करना
Meaning – Restore (a dead person) to life.
Synonyms – revive, restore, re-establish.
Sentence – He queried whether Jesus was indeed resurrected.
- Brush aside (phrasal verb)
Meaning – dismiss, disregard, ignore.
- Discrepancy (noun) – विसंगति, विरोध
Meaning – An illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.
Synonyms – inconsistency, difference, variation, deviation.
Sentence – It is this variation that he says created the discrepancies in this year’s results.
- Testimony (noun) – गवाही, साक्ष्य
Meaning – A formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law.
Synonyms – proof, evidence, witness.
Sentence – The testimony of an eyewitness.
- Cogent (adjective) – ठोस, यक़ीनी
Meaning – (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing.
Synonyms –compelling, strong, forceful, powerful, potent, weighty
Sentence – They put forward cogent arguments for British membership.
- Frenzy (noun) – उन्माद, पागलपन
Meaning – A state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behaviour.
Synonyms – turmoil, madness, wild behaviour, agitation.
Sentence – He flew into a frenzy and headed up the ladder to the attic with a rope.
- Assassination (noun) – हत्या
Meaning – The action of assassinating someone.
Synonyms – murder, killing.
Sentence – The assassination of President Kennedy.
- Sectarian (adjective) – सांप्रदायिक, किसी विशेष मत या पंथ-संबंधी
Meaning – (of an action) carried out on the grounds of membership of a sect, denomination, or other group.
Synonyms – factional, partisan.
Sentence – Sectarian conflict is the deliberate consequence of foreign intervention.
- Prosecutor (noun) – अभियोक्ता
Meaning – a lawyer who presents the government’s case against someone accused of a crime.
Sentence – Government prosecutors will now seek warrants for the arrest of the nine strike leaders.
- Nail (verb) – जकड़ना, पकड़ना
Meaning – Detect or catch (someone, especially a suspected criminal)
Synonyms – catch, capture, arrest.
Sentence – Have you nailed the killer?
- Henchman (noun) – अनुयायी, अनुगामी
Meaning – A faithful follower or political supporter, especially one prepared to engage in crime or violence by way of service.
Synonyms – helper, supporter, assistant.
Sentence – On foot, we trade bullets with underworld henchmen and rival gangs.
- Impunity (noun) – दण्ड मुक्ति, माफी
Meaning – Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Synonyms – immunity, exemption, freedom from punishment, special treatment.
Sentence – The impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings.
- Butcher (noun) – कसाई, क्रूर कातिल
Meaning – A person who kills people indiscriminately or brutally.
Synonyms – murderer, killer, assassin.
Sentence – I told him they were a bunch of murdering butchers and he didn’t like that.
- Hamper (verb) – बाधा, प्रतिबंध करना, रोक देना
Meaning – A basket with a carrying handle and a hinged lid, used for food, cutlery, and plates on a picnic.
Synonyms – hinder, impede, restrict.
Sentence – They came laden with picnic hampers, blankets and chairs, children in tow.
- Connive (verb) – आनाकानी करना, उपेक्षा करना
Meaning – Secretly allow (something immoral, illegal, or harmful) to occur.
Synonyms – disregard, overlook, deliberately ignore.
Sentence – Government officials were prepared to connive in impeding the course of justice.
- Excruciating (adjective) – कष्टदायी, पीड़ाप्रद
Meaning – Intensely painful.
Synonyms – torturing, afflicting, distressing.
Sentence – I woke up after the surgery in excruciating pain.
- Manipulate (verb) – हेरफेर, तोड़ना-मरोड़ना
Meaning –Control or influence (a person or situation) cleverly or unscrupulously.
Synonyms – falsify, distort, alter, misrepresent.
Sentence – I unconsciously manipulate situations to my advantage.
- Shoddy (adjective) – तुच्छ, नीच मनुष्य
Meaning – Badly made or done.
Synonyms – poor-quality, inferior, careless, improper.
Sentence – Many years of shoddy work has resulted in the pathetic shape of city roads.
- Acquit (verb) – बरी करना, रिहा करना
Meaning – Free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.
Synonyms – discharge, release, declare innocent.
Sentence – She was acquitted on all counts.
- Evade (verb) – बचना, टालना
Meaning – Escape or avoid (someone or something), especially by guile or trickery.
Synonyms – elude, avoid, dodge.
Sentence – Friends helped him to evade capture for a time.
- Efflux (noun) – प्रवाह, बहाव
Meaning – The flowing out of a substance or particle.
Synonyms – discharge, leak, flow, emanation.
Sentence – the same active efflux of sodium from the cytoplasm to the external medium.
- Impediment (noun) – बाधा, रुकावट
Meaning – A hindrance or obstruction in doing something.
Synonyms – hindrance, obstruction, barrier.
Sentence – A serious impediment to scientific progress.
- This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.