The Hindu Editorial (Justice, 34 years on: on the conviction in the anti-Sikh riots case) Vocab – 22 Nov, 2018

The conviction of two rioters for their role in the 1984 anti-Sikh violence in Delhi marks a rare success in the long struggle to bring the perpetrators to justice.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Justice, 34 years on: on the conviction in the anti-Sikh riots case) – Nov 22, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Justice, 34 years on: on the conviction in the anti-Sikh riots case) – Nov 22, 2018


  • Conviction (noun) – दोषसिद्धि, दृढ़ विश्वास
    Meaning – A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
    Synonyms – declaration, pronouncement of guilt, sentence.
    Sentence – She had a previous conviction for a similar offence.
  • Glimmer (noun)प्रभा, चमक, क्षीण प्रकाश
    Meaning – A faint or wavering light.
    Synonyms – faint sign, trace, hint.
    Sentence – There was a mischievous glimmer in his eyes.
  • Pogrom (noun) – तबाही 
    Meaning – An organized massacre of a particular ethnic group.
    Synonyms – massacre, mass killing, carnage, persecution, destruction.
    Sentence – The Nazis began a pogrom against Jewish people in Germany.
  • Perpetrator (noun)अपराधी
    Meaning – A person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
    Sentence – The perpetrators of this horrific crime must be brought to justice.
  • Resurrect (verb) – पुनर्निर्माण करें, मरे हुए को जीवित करना
    Meaning – Restore (a dead person) to life.
    Synonyms – revive, restore, re-establish.
    Sentence – He queried whether Jesus was indeed resurrected.
  • Brush aside (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – dismiss, disregard, ignore.
  • Discrepancy (noun) – विसंगति, विरोध
    Meaning – An illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.
    Synonyms – inconsistency, difference, variation, deviation.
    Sentence – It is this variation that he says created the discrepancies in this year’s results.
  • Testimony (noun)गवाही, साक्ष्य
    Meaning – A formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law.
    Synonyms – proof, evidence, witness.
    Sentence – The testimony of an eyewitness.
  • Cogent (adjective) – ठोस, यक़ीनी
    Meaning – (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing.
    Synonyms –compelling, strong, forceful, powerful, potent, weighty
    Sentence – They put forward cogent arguments for British membership.
  • Frenzy (noun)उन्माद, पागलपन 
    Meaning – A state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behaviour.
    Synonyms – turmoil, madness, wild behaviour, agitation.
    Sentence – He flew into a frenzy and headed up the ladder to the attic with a rope.
  • Assassination (noun) – हत्या
    Meaning – The action of assassinating someone.
    Synonyms – murder, killing.
    Sentence – The assassination of President Kennedy.
  • Sectarian (adjective)सांप्रदायिक, किसी विशेष मत या पंथ-संबंधी
    Meaning –  (of an action) carried out on the grounds of membership of a sect, denomination, or other group.
    Synonyms – factional, partisan.
    Sentence – Sectarian conflict is the deliberate consequence of foreign intervention.
  • Prosecutor (noun) अभियोक्ता 
    Meaning – a lawyer who presents the government’s case against someone accused of a crime.
    Sentence – Government prosecutors will now seek warrants for the arrest of the nine strike leaders.
  • Nail (verb) जकड़ना, पकड़ना
    Meaning – Detect or catch (someone, especially a suspected criminal)
    Synonyms – catch, capture, arrest.
    Sentence – Have you nailed the killer?
  • Henchman (noun)अनुयायी, अनुगामी
    Meaning – A faithful follower or political supporter, especially one prepared to engage in crime or violence by way of service.
    Synonyms – helper, supporter, assistant.
    Sentence – On foot, we trade bullets with underworld henchmen and rival gangs.
  • Impunity (noun)दण्ड मुक्ति, माफी
    Meaning – Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.

    Synonyms – immunity, exemption, freedom from punishment, special treatment.
    Sentence – The impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings.
  • Butcher (noun) – कसाई, क्रूर कातिल
    Meaning – A person who kills people indiscriminately or brutally.
    Synonyms – murderer, killer, assassin.
    Sentence – I told him they were a bunch of murdering butchers and he didn’t like that.
  • Hamper (verb)बाधा, प्रतिबंध करना, रोक देना
    Meaning – A basket with a carrying handle and a hinged lid, used for food, cutlery, and plates on a picnic.
    Synonyms – hinder, impede, restrict.
    Sentence – They came laden with picnic hampers, blankets and chairs, children in tow.
  • Connive (verb)आनाकानी करना, उपेक्षा करना
    Meaning – Secretly allow (something immoral, illegal, or harmful) to occur.
    Synonyms – disregard, overlook, deliberately ignore.
    Sentence – Government officials were prepared to connive in impeding the course of justice.
  • Excruciating (adjective) – कष्टदायी, पीड़ाप्रद
    Meaning – Intensely painful.
    Synonyms – torturing, afflicting, distressing.
    Sentence – I woke up after the surgery in excruciating pain.
  • Manipulate (verb)हेरफेर, तोड़ना-मरोड़ना
    Meaning –Control or influence (a person or situation) cleverly or unscrupulously.
    Synonyms – falsify, distort, alter, misrepresent.
    Sentence – I unconsciously manipulate situations to my advantage.
  • Shoddy (adjective) – तुच्छ, नीच मनुष्य
    Meaning – Badly made or done.

    Synonyms – poor-quality, inferior, careless, improper.
    Sentence – Many years of shoddy work has resulted in the pathetic shape of city roads.
  • Acquit (verb) – बरी करना, रिहा करना
    Meaning – Free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.
    Synonyms – discharge, release, declare innocent.
    Sentence – She was acquitted on all counts.
  • Evade (verb) – बचना, टालना
    Meaning – Escape or avoid (someone or something), especially by guile or trickery.
    Synonyms – elude, avoid, dodge.
    Sentence – Friends helped him to evade capture for a time.
  • Efflux (noun) – प्रवाह, बहाव
    Meaning – The flowing out of a substance or particle.
    Synonyms – discharge, leak, flow, emanation.
    Sentence – the same active efflux of sodium from the cytoplasm to the external medium.
  • Impediment (noun) – बाधा, रुकावट
    Meaning – A hindrance or obstruction in doing something.

    Synonyms – hindrance, obstruction, barrier.
    Sentence – A serious impediment to scientific progress.


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