The Hindu Editorial (No lessons learnt: on Meghalaya mining disaster) Vocab – 27 Dec, 2018

The disaster that struck a coal mine at Ksan in Meghalaya’s Jaintia Hills district on December 13, trapping at least 13 workers, is a shocking reminder that a fast-growing economy such as India continues to allow Dickensian mining practices.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (No lessons learnt: on Meghalaya mining disaster) – Dec 27, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (No lessons learnt: on Meghalaya mining disaster) – Dec 27, 2018

 

  • Lapse (noun)– चूक, भूल
    Meaning – A brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
    Synonyms – failure/blunder, mistake/error, negligence/oversight.
    Sentence – A lapse of concentration in the second set cost her the match.
  • Trap (verb) – जाल
    Meaning – Catch (an animal) in a trap.
    Synonyms – get caught, get stuck.
    Sentence – The lions were trapped and then put into a gaming pen where the king could hunt them.
  • Dickensian (adjective) 
    Meaning – relating to the writings and characterizations of 19th-century English writer Charles Dickens in his novels. it refers to a poverty/inequality among social classes, reminiscent of the dark lives of the underprivileged during Victorian times.
    Sentence – I am in London, the city of Dickensian pickpockets, after all.
  • Spectrum (noun) विस्तार, पहुँच
    Meaning – The entire range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation.
    Synonyms – range, gamut, span.
    Sentence – It operates in the visible and near-infrared range of the spectrum.
  • Prohibition (noun) – निषेध
    Meaning – The action of forbidding something, especially by law.
    Synonyms – embargo, restriction, ban.
    Sentence – They argue that prohibition of drugs will always fail.
  • Unscrupulous (adjective) – बेशरम, निर्लज्ज
    Meaning – Having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair.
    Synonyms – unprincipled, unethical, immoral.
    Sentence – As a result, many people lost money, some no doubt cheated by unscrupulous speculators.

  • Exploit (verb) शोषण, अनुचित लाभ उठाना
    Meaning – Benefit unfairly from the work of (someone), typically by overworking or underpaying them.
    Synonyms – make use of, take advantage of.
    Sentence – You are British workers, also exploited by the capitalists.

 

  • Desperate (adjective) – बेकरार
    Meaning – Feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with.
    Synonyms – hopeless, distressed/disheartened; hungry.
    Sentence – The school appears without life – a place where one feels a desperate sense of loss.
  • Remunerative (adjective) – पारिश्रमिक-संबंधी
    Meaning – Financially rewarding; lucrative.
    Synonyms – profitable, lucrative, rewarding or gainful.
    Sentence – The result of several years of research has not proved very remunerative.
  • Incumbent (adjective) निर्भर
    Meaning – (incumbent on/upon) Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.
    Synonyms – binding, mandatory, necessary.
    Sentence – the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act
  • Rescue (modifier) बचाव
    Meaning – Save (someone) from a dangerous or difficult situation.
    Synonyms – denoting saving from danger/difficulty.
    Sentence – In order to save lives, we still have rescues and search and rescue operations ongoing.
  • Dewater (verb) 
    Meaning – drain water from the flooded area.
    Sentence – a study will determine the impact of dewatering in the Humboldt Basin area
  • Requisition (verb) – मांग
    Meaning – An official order laying claim to the use of property or materials.
    Synonyms – request, order, call for.
    Sentence – I had to make various requisitions for staff and accommodation
  • In spite of (phrase)
    Meaning – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  • Shortcomings (noun) – कमियों
    Meaning – A fault or failure to meet a certain standard, typically in a person’s character, a plan, or a system.
    Synonyms – fault, flaw, imperfection/defect.
    Sentence – He is frank about what he sees as the shortcomings of his great predecessors.
  • Landslip (noun) 
    Meaning – another name for landslide, mudslide, earthfall.
    Sentence – In those days, after heavy rain, there were landslips.
  • Rigour (noun) कठोरता
    Meaning – The quality of being extremely thorough and careful.
    Synonyms – strictness, precision/accuracy, attention to detail.
    Sentence – his analysis is lacking in rigour.
  • Extraction (noun) – निष्कर्षण
    Meaning – The action of extracting something, especially using effort or force.
    Synonyms – removal/taking out, separation, obtaining, distillation.
    Sentence – This I learnt doing thousands of venom extractions.
  • Glare (noun) चमक
    Meaning – A fierce or angry stare.
    Synonyms – public attention/interest, media attention.
    Sentence – Both sides were throwing glares and looks of contempt.
  • Remiss (adjective) – बेपरवाह
    Meaning – Lacking care or attention to duty.
    Synonyms – negligent, careless, irresponsible.
    Sentence – The council itself was remiss in not having had the building listed.
  • Bear responsibility (phrase)
    Meaning – be responsible for something.
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Mass messaging: on Citizenship (Amendment) Bill) Vocab – 10 Jan, 2019

 

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