The disaster that struck a coal mine at Ksan in Meghalaya’s Jaintia Hills district on December 13, trapping at least 13 workers, is a shocking reminder that a fast-growing economy such as India continues to allow Dickensian mining practices.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (No lessons learnt: on Meghalaya mining disaster) – Dec 27, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (No lessons learnt: on Meghalaya mining disaster) – Dec 27, 2018
- Lapse (noun)– चूक, भूल
Meaning – A brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
Synonyms – failure/blunder, mistake/error, negligence/oversight.
Sentence – A lapse of concentration in the second set cost her the match.
- Trap (verb) – जाल
Meaning – Catch (an animal) in a trap.
Synonyms – get caught, get stuck.
Sentence – The lions were trapped and then put into a gaming pen where the king could hunt them.
- Dickensian (adjective)
Meaning – relating to the writings and characterizations of 19th-century English writer Charles Dickens in his novels. it refers to a poverty/inequality among social classes, reminiscent of the dark lives of the underprivileged during Victorian times.
Sentence – I am in London, the city of Dickensian pickpockets, after all.
- Spectrum (noun) – विस्तार, पहुँच
Meaning – The entire range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation.
Synonyms – range, gamut, span.
Sentence – It operates in the visible and near-infrared range of the spectrum.
- Prohibition (noun) – निषेध
Meaning – The action of forbidding something, especially by law.
Synonyms – embargo, restriction, ban.
Sentence – They argue that prohibition of drugs will always fail.
- Unscrupulous (adjective) – बेशरम, निर्लज्ज
Meaning – Having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair.
Synonyms – unprincipled, unethical, immoral.
Sentence – As a result, many people lost money, some no doubt cheated by unscrupulous speculators.
- Exploit (verb) – शोषण, अनुचित लाभ उठाना
Meaning – Benefit unfairly from the work of (someone), typically by overworking or underpaying them.
Synonyms – make use of, take advantage of.
Sentence – You are British workers, also exploited by the capitalists.
- Desperate (adjective) – बेकरार
Meaning – Feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with.
Synonyms – hopeless, distressed/disheartened; hungry.
Sentence – The school appears without life – a place where one feels a desperate sense of loss.
- Remunerative (adjective) – पारिश्रमिक-संबंधी
Meaning – Financially rewarding; lucrative.
Synonyms – profitable, lucrative, rewarding or gainful.
Sentence – The result of several years of research has not proved very remunerative.
- Incumbent (adjective) – निर्भर
Meaning – (incumbent on/upon) Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.
Synonyms – binding, mandatory, necessary.
Sentence – the government realized that it was incumbent on them to act
- Rescue (modifier) – बचाव
Meaning – Save (someone) from a dangerous or difficult situation.
Synonyms – denoting saving from danger/difficulty.
Sentence – In order to save lives, we still have rescues and search and rescue operations ongoing.
- Dewater (verb)
Meaning – drain water from the flooded area.
Sentence – a study will determine the impact of dewatering in the Humboldt Basin area
- Requisition (verb) – मांग
Meaning – An official order laying claim to the use of property or materials.
Synonyms – request, order, call for.
Sentence – I had to make various requisitions for staff and accommodation
- In spite of (phrase)
Meaning – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
- Shortcomings (noun) – कमियों
Meaning – A fault or failure to meet a certain standard, typically in a person’s character, a plan, or a system.
Synonyms – fault, flaw, imperfection/defect.
Sentence – He is frank about what he sees as the shortcomings of his great predecessors.
- Landslip (noun)
Meaning – another name for landslide, mudslide, earthfall.
Sentence – In those days, after heavy rain, there were landslips.
- Rigour (noun) – कठोरता
Meaning – The quality of being extremely thorough and careful.
Synonyms – strictness, precision/accuracy, attention to detail.
Sentence – his analysis is lacking in rigour.
- Extraction (noun) – निष्कर्षण
Meaning – The action of extracting something, especially using effort or force.
Synonyms – removal/taking out, separation, obtaining, distillation.
Sentence – This I learnt doing thousands of venom extractions.
- Glare (noun) – चमक
Meaning – A fierce or angry stare.
Synonyms – public attention/interest, media attention.
Sentence – Both sides were throwing glares and looks of contempt.
- Remiss (adjective) – बेपरवाह
Meaning – Lacking care or attention to duty.
Synonyms – negligent, careless, irresponsible.
Sentence – The council itself was remiss in not having had the building listed.
- Bear responsibility (phrase)
Meaning – be responsible for something.
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