After five years of rule by a government that strong-armed political dissent domestically, the Maldives has put a pro-people administration in power, swearing in Ibrahim Solih, representing the Maldivian Democratic Party, as President on November 17.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Maldivian Reprieve) – Nov 20, 2018.
Read This Article: – (Maldivian Reprieve)
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Maldivian Reprieve) – Nov 20, 2018
- Reprieve (noun) – दण्डविराम, अवकाश देना
Meaning – Cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death)
Synonyms – cancellation, suspension, postponement.
Sentence – Under the new regime, prisoners under sentence of death were reprieved.
- Hit the ground running (phrase)
Meaning – to begin a (new) task with enthusiasm & commitment.
- Swearing (noun) – शपथ – ग्रहण
Meaning – a ceremony at which a person is admitted into office by taking oath.
- Slew of (noun)
Meaning –A large number or quantity of something.
Synonyms – wide variety, large number, lot, diversity, range
Sentence – He asked me a slew of questions.
- Populist (adjective) – लोकलुभावन
Meaning – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
Synonyms – elected, representative, parliamentary, popular.
Sentence – A nation divided by populist rhetoric will weaken and fail.
- Vow (verb) – व्रत, शपथ, क़सम खाना
Meaning – Solemnly promise to do a specified thing.
Synonyms – promise, swear, pledge/affirm.
Sentence – He vowed to continue his appeal against an earlier decision against him.
- Embezzlement (noun) – ग़बन
Meaning – Theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belonging to one’s employer.
Synonyms – misappropriation, theft, stealing.
Sentence – Corporate fraud and embezzlement have been familiar topics in newspaper headlines of recent years.
- Allusion (noun) – संकेत
Meaning – An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
Synonyms – reference, citation, hint, intimation.
Sentence – He makes allusions to poetry, classical music and protest culture.
- Kickback (noun) – वापसी
Meaning – A sudden forceful recoil.
Synonyms – bribe, illegal payment.
Sentence – The thrust from the kickback of the gun sent me to my back.
- Bedfellow (noun)
Meaning –A person or thing allied or closely connected with another.
- Join hands with (phrase)
Meaning – work together with.
- Tycoon (noun) – व्यवसाय-प्रमुख
Meaning – A wealthy, powerful person in business or industry.
Synonyms – big businessman; businessman magnate/baron.
Sentence – He was one of the first Russian tycoons openly to declare his wealth.
- Split at the seams (phrase)
Meaning – (of a coalition) be in a bad condition & close to split.
- Unravel (verb) – खंडित
Meaning – (of twisted, knitted or woven threads) become undone.
Synonyms – reveal, clarify, resolve.
Sentence – There are some threads that once pulled unraveled the whole sweater.
- Fling (verb) – हाथ बढ़ाना
Meaning – begin something (an activity) with great enthusiasm.
Synonyms – toss, sling, hurl, cast, pitch, lob, bowl
Sentence – An arm was flung over my shoulder and I shrugged it off.
- Open doors (phrase)
Meaning – create opportunities.
- Cascade (noun) – झरना, जलप्रपात
Meaning – A small waterfall, typically one of several that fall in stages down a steep rocky slope.
Synonyms – waterfall, falls, water chute, cataract, rapids, torrent, flood, deluge.
Sentence – The waterfall raced down in a series of cascades.
- Underlying (adjective) – आधारभूत
Synonyms – fundamental, basic, primary.
Sentence – Most of the mowed fields in the central part of the park are underlain with soil.
- Back-stop (verb) – सहारा देना
Meaning – A thing placed at the rear of something as a barrier or support.
Synonyms – support, bolster, reinforce.
- Pummel (verb) – कूटना, मारना
Meaning – Strike repeatedly with the fists.
Synonyms – Strike, hit, thrash (repeatedly).
Sentence – The door shuddered as thumping fists pummelled the wood.
- Call in (phrasal verb)
Meaning – Demand (payment/dues).
- Professedly (adverb) – प्रतिज्ञापूर्वक
Meaning – Ostensibly; apparently (used in reference to something claimed or asserted, possibly falsely)
Synonyms – supposedly, purportedly, allegedly.
Sentence –Restrictions professedly designed to stop the use of political propaganda.
- Opacity (noun) – अस्पष्टता
Meaning – The quality of lacking transparency or translucence.
Synonyms – lack of clarity, obscurity, mystery, enigma, non-transparency.
Sentence – The cult of transparency leads ultimately to opacity.
- Cloak (verb) – लबादा, चोग़ा
Meaning –Hide, cover, or disguise (something)
Synonyms – conceal, hide, cover.
Sentence – The heavens are already dark, cloaking her in its shadows.
- Plethora (noun) – बहुतायत, अधिकता
Meaning – A large or excessive amount of something.
Synonyms – excess, abundance, surplus, too many.
Sentence –The British Isles boast a plethora of university art galleries.
- Bonhomie (noun) – खुशमिज़ाजी
Meaning – Cheerful friendliness, geniality.
Synonyms – friendliness, warmth, geniality, affability.
Sentence – Good cheer and bonhomie make this a happy time for you.
- Denouement (noun) – उपसंहार, नतीजा
Meaning – The outcome of a situation, when something is decided or made clear.
Synonyms – finale, outcome, result.
Sentence – The poem doesn’t reach a climax or any sense of denouement in this final installation.
- Fabric (noun) – कपड़ा, निर्माण
Meaning –The basic structure of a society, culture, activity, etc.
Synonyms – the basic structure, system, framework.
Sentence – The multicultural fabric of Canadian society.
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