In dissolving the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly without giving any claimant an opportunity to form the government, Governor Satya Pal Malik has violated constitutional law and convention.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Unlawful dissolution: On J&K Assembly) – Nov 23, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Unlawful dissolution: On J&K Assembly) – Nov 23, 2018
- Dissolution (noun) – विघटन, विलय, भंग
Meaning – The action of formally ending or dismissing an assembly, partnership, or official body.
Synonyms – cessation, end, termination, suspension.
Sentence – The Prime Minister asked the queen for a dissolution of Parliament
- Controvert (verb) – शर्त लगाना, प्रतिवाद करना
Meaning – Argue about (something)
Synonyms – contradict, challenge, oppose, repudiate.
Sentence – The views in the article have been controverted.
- Lay down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – formulate, stipulate, set down.
- Claimant (noun) – दावेदार, उम्मेदवार
Meaning – A person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit.
Synonyms – applicant, candidate, petitioner, appellant.
Sentence – One in four eligible claimants failed to register for a rebate.
- Convention (noun) – सम्मेलन, परंपरा
Meaning – A way in which something is usually done.
Synonyms – protocol, custom, practice, agreement, tradition.
Sentence – The law is felt to express social conventions.
- Extraneous (adjective) – बाहरी, असंगत
Meaning – Irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with.
Synonyms – irrelevant, immaterial, inappropriate, pointless.
Sentence – One is obliged to wade through many pages of extraneous material.
- Ought to (modal verb)
Meaning – Used to indicate duty or correctness, typically when criticizing someone’s actions.
Synonyms – must, should.
Sentence – They ought to respect the law.
- Deprecate (verb) – विरोध करना
Meaning – Express disapproval of.
Synonyms – criticize, censure, condemn.
Sentence – What I deprecate is persistent indulgence.
- Dispensation (noun) – व्यवस्था, वितरण
Meaning – Exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
Synonyms – system, arrangement, organization (that has authority at that time).
Sentence – Industries now have to lobby and politicise to get dispensation.
- Stake a claim (phrase)
Meaning – assert, declare, announce/state (ones right).
- Requisite (adjective) – अपेक्षित, प्रयोजनीय
Meaning – Made necessary by particular circumstances or regulations.
Synonyms – necessary, required, essential.
Sentence – The application will not be processed until the requisite fee is paid.
- Adversary (noun) – विरोधी, प्रतिद्वंद्वी
Meaning – One’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute.
Synonyms – rival, enemy, nemesis, opponent.
Sentence – Once there, he expects to be coming up against an old adversary.
- Opportunistic (adjective) – अवसरवादी
Meaning – Exploiting immediate opportunities, especially regardless of planning or principle.
Synonyms – opportunistic, selfish, egocentric, inward-looking.
Sentence – An opportunistic political lightweight.
- As far as (phrase)
Meaning – to the degree/extent that.
- Unsubstantiated (adjective) – निराधार, प्रमाणरहित
Meaning – Not supported or proven by evidence.
Synonyms – unconfirmed, unsupported, not validated.
Sentence – The county council has always maintained that these claims are unsubstantiated.
- Solely (adverb) – केवल, अकेले
Meaning – Not involving anyone or anything else; only.
Synonyms – only, simply, merely.
Sentence – People are appointed solely on the basis of merit.
- Disregard (noun) – उपेक्षा, उदासीनता
Meaning –The action or state of paying no attention to something.
Synonyms – indifference, non-observance, negligence.
Sentence – I know he is an engineer but such disregard for gravity is weird.
- Primacy (noun) – प्रधानता, श्रेष्ठता
Meaning – The fact of being pre-eminent or most important.
Synonyms – greater importance, priority, preference.
Sentence – His core belief is in the primacy of the individual in society.
- Accord (verb) – सहमाति, स्वीकार करना, मिलना
Meaning – Give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition)
Synonyms – give, grant; confer on, vest in.
Sentence – The national assembly accorded the General more power.
- Scuttle (verb) – तबाह करना, नष्ट करना, बिगाड़ना
Meaning – Run hurriedly or furtively with short quick steps.
Synonyms –scurry, scramble, bustle, skip, trot
Sentence – The nurse eventually scuttles happily out of the curtains and disappears.
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