The burgeoning docket burden that weighs down the judiciary is not because of its lumbering judicial processes alone, as it is often made out.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A crippling shortage: on vacancies in courts) – Nov 17, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A crippling shortage: on vacancies in courts) – Nov 17, 2018
- Crippling (adjective) – गंभीर, विकलांग बनाना
Meaning – Causing a person to become unable to walk or move properly.
Synonyms – weakening, impairing, paralyzing.
Sentence – A crippling disease.
- Be bogged down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – prevent, entangle, restrict/be stuck.
- Burgeoning (adjective) – तेजी से बढ़ते
Synonyms – growing, increasing rapidly.
Sentence – The Vietnam anti-war movement began to burgeon in 1965.
- Docket (noun) – फैसलों की सूची, दलील
Meaning – A list of cases for hearing/trail/proceedings.
Synonyms – document, chit, coupon, voucher, certificate, counterfoil, bill, receipt,
Sentence – With a small number of exceptions, the Supreme Court has control over its own docket.
- Weigh down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – trouble, worry, bother, disturb.
- Lumbering (adjective) – लकड़ी काटने के काम
Synonyms – clumsy, awkward, uncoordinated.
Sentence – Bob was a big, lumbering, gentle sort.
- Chronic (adjective) – जीर्ण, पुराना
Meaning – (of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
Synonyms – very bad, persistent, long-standing, long-term
Sentence – the film was absolutely chronic.
- Preside (verb) – सभापति होना, अधिकार पद पर बैठना
Meaning – Be in the position of authority in a meeting or other gathering.
Synonyms – take the chair, be chairman, be chairperson, be chairwoman, officiate.
Sentence – the prime minister will preside at an emergency cabinet meeting.
- Lay down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – formulate, stipulate, set down.
- Pull up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – reprimand, criticize, rebuke.
- Alarming (adjective) – खतरनाक, भयप्रद
Meaning – Worrying or disturbing.
Synonyms – disturbing, worrying.
Sentence – Such a policy will only worsen the already alarming housing situation.
- Tardiness (noun) – मंदी
Meaning – The quality or fact of being late; lateness.
Synonyms – belatedness, unpunctuality, lateness, delay.
Sentence – I owe a few people email responses but I know I’ll be forgiven for my tardiness.
- Call for (phrasal verb)
Meaning – require, make necessary, demand.
- Accommodate (verb) – समायोजित, अनुकूल बनाना
Meaning – (of a building or other area) provide lodging or sufficient space for.
Synonyms – help/assist, serve, adjust, attune.
Sentence – The cottages accommodate up to six people.
- Prescribe (verb) – हुक्म देना, आज्ञा देना, निर्धारित करना
Meaning – (of a medical practitioner) advise and authorize the use of (a medicine or treatment) for someone, especially in writing.
Synonyms – advise, recommend, suggest.
Sentence – Your doctor may prescribe a medicine for depression or anxiety.
- Infusion (noun) – निषेचन, प्रेरणा
Meaning – A drink, remedy, or extract prepared by soaking tea leaves or herbs in liquid.
Synonyms – broth, bouillon, juice, gravy, liquid, extract, concentrate, decoction
Sentence – She started drinking fruit infusions, water and coffee instead of tea.
- Let down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – fail to support, disappoint, abandon/neglect.
- Litigant (noun) – विवादी, मुकदमेबाजी
Meaning – A person involved in a lawsuit.
Synonyms – opponent, petitioner, complainant, respondent.
Sentence – Some of those litigants have their counterparts in the profession.
- Stand to (phrasal verb)
Meaning – be in a position, be ready (to suffer).
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