The Hindu Editorial (A crippling shortage: on vacancies in courts) Vocab – 17 Nov, 2018

The burgeoning docket burden that weighs down the judiciary is not because of its lumbering judicial processes alone, as it is often made out.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A crippling shortage: on vacancies in courts) – Nov 17, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (A crippling shortage: on vacancies in courts) – Nov 17, 2018

 

  • Crippling (adjective) – गंभीर, विकलांग बनाना
    Meaning – Causing a person to become unable to walk or move properly.
    Synonyms – weakening, impairing, paralyzing.
    Sentence – A crippling disease.
  • Be bogged down (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – prevent, entangle, restrict/be stuck.
  • Burgeoning (adjective) – तेजी से बढ़ते
    Synonyms – growing, increasing rapidly.
    Sentence – The Vietnam anti-war movement began to burgeon in 1965.
  • Docket (noun)  – फैसलों की सूची, दलील
    Meaning – A list of cases for hearing/trail/proceedings.
    Synonyms – document, chit, coupon, voucher, certificate, counterfoil, bill, receipt,
    Sentence – With a small number of exceptions, the Supreme Court has control over its own docket.
  • Weigh down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – trouble, worry, bother, disturb.
  • Lumbering (adjective) – लकड़ी काटने के काम
    Synonyms – clumsy, awkward, uncoordinated.
    Sentence – Bob was a big, lumbering, gentle sort.
  • Chronic (adjective) – जीर्ण, पुराना
    Meaning – (of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
    Synonyms – very bad, persistent, long-standing, long-term
    Sentence – the film was absolutely chronic.
  • Preside (verb) – सभापति होना, अधिकार पद पर बैठना
    Meaning – Be in the position of authority in a meeting or other gathering.
    Synonyms – take the chair, be chairman, be chairperson, be chairwoman, officiate.
    Sentence – the prime minister will preside at an emergency cabinet meeting.
  • Lay down (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – formulate, stipulate, set down.
  • Pull up  (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – reprimand, criticize, rebuke.
  • Alarming (adjective) – खतरनाक, भयप्रद
    Meaning – Worrying or disturbing.
    Synonyms – disturbing, worrying.
    Sentence – Such a policy will only worsen the already alarming housing situation.
  • Tardiness (noun) – मंदी
    Meaning – The quality or fact of being late; lateness.
    Synonyms – belatedness, unpunctuality, lateness, delay.
    Sentence – I owe a few people email responses but I know I’ll be forgiven for my tardiness.
  • Call for (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – require, make necessary, demand.
  • Accommodate (verb) – समायोजित, अनुकूल बनाना
    Meaning – (of a building or other area) provide lodging or sufficient space for.
    Synonyms – help/assist, serve, adjust, attune.
    Sentence – The cottages accommodate up to six people.
  • Prescribe (verb) – हुक्म देना, आज्ञा देना, निर्धारित करना
    Meaning – (of a medical practitioner) advise and authorize the use of (a medicine or treatment) for someone, especially in writing.
    Synonyms – advise, recommend, suggest.
    Sentence – Your doctor may prescribe a medicine for depression or anxiety.
  • Infusion (noun) – निषेचन, प्रेरणा
    Meaning – A drink, remedy, or extract prepared by soaking tea leaves or herbs in liquid.
    Synonyms – broth, bouillon, juice, gravy, liquid, extract, concentrate, decoction
    Sentence – She started drinking fruit infusions, water and coffee instead of tea.
  • Let down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – fail to support, disappoint, abandon/neglect.
  • Litigant (noun) – विवादी, मुकदमेबाजी
    Meaning – A person involved in a lawsuit.
    Synonyms – opponent, petitioner, complainant, respondent.
    Sentence – Some of those litigants have their counterparts in the profession.
  • Stand to (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – be in a position, be ready (to suffer).
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) Vocab – 30 Nov, 2018

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