The Hindu Editorial (Shot in the arm) Vocab – 29 Jan, 2019

Last week’s Supreme Court judgment upholding the validity of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 (IBC) in its “entirety” could have a major impact on the country’s economic landscape.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Shot in the arm: on SC upholding Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code) – Jan 29, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Shot in the arm: on SC upholding Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code) – Jan 29, 2019


  • Shot in the arm (phrase) 
    Meaning – boost, fillip, stimulus. 
  • Uphold (verb) – कायम रखना
    Meaning – Confirm or support (something which has been questioned)
    Synonyms – preserve, protect, validate/justify.
    Sentence – The court upheld his claim for damages.
  • Insolvency (noun) दिवालियापन
    Meaning – a condition in which the financial difficulties of an individual or organisation are such it is unable to pay its debts.
    Synonyms – bankruptcy, liquidation, failure, collapse
    Sentence – The club was facing insolvency.
  • Bankruptcy (noun) – दिवालियापन
    Meaning – legal state of insolvency. 
    Synonyms – insolvency, liquidation, failure, ruin.
    Sentence – Many companies were facing bankruptcy.
  • Knotty (adjective) – विकट, जटिल
    Meaning – Extremely difficult or complex.
    Synonyms – complex, complicated, intricate.
    Sentence – A knotty legal problem.
  • In its entirety (phrase)
    Meaning – as a whole, completely, entirely/totally.
  • Landscape (noun) – परिदृश्य
    Meaning – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
    Sentence – The event transformed the political landscape.
  • Fledgling (adjective) अनुभवहीन मनुष्य
    Meaning – A person or organization that is immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped.
    Synonyms – emerging, beginning, developing.
    Sentence – The country’s fledgling democracy.
  • Provision (noun) – प्रावधान
    Meaning – A condition or requirement in a legal document.
    Synonyms – term, clause, requirement/condition.
    Sentence – The first private prosecution under the provisions of the 1989 Water Act.
  • Loophole (noun) बचाव का रास्ता
    Meaning – An ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.
    Synonyms – means of evasion, means of escape, escape clause
    Sentence – They exploited tax loopholes.
  • Defaulter (noun) दोषी, दिवालिया
    Meaning – a person who is (purposefully) not repaying banks/lenders’ debt on time for various reasons.
    Synonyms – non-payer, debt dodger
    Sentence – The only organizational measure of the institution attended by defaulters was whether the defaulter graduated.
  • Take something lying down (phrase) 
    Meaning – accept (something) without protest.
  • Stamp of approval (phrase) 
    Meaning – official statement, indication of approval, assent.
  • Stifle (verb) दबाना
    Meaning – Prevent or constrain (an activity or idea)
    Synonyms – constrain, oppress, prevent/impede.
    Sentence – High taxes were stifling private enterprise.
  • Mount (verb) स्थापित करना
    Meaning – Establish
    Synonyms – set up, arrange, stage.
    Sentence – Security forces mounted check points at every key road.
  • Owe (verb) – ऋणी होना, आभारी होना
    Meaning – Have an obligation to pay or repay (something, especially money) in return for something received.
    Synonyms – be in debt, be under an obligation to, be indebted to.
    Sentence – They have denied they owe money to the company.
  • Prescribe (verb) – आज्ञा देना, नुसख़ा लिखना
    Meaning – Recommend (a substance or action) as something beneficial.
    Synonyms – advise, recommend, suggest.
    Sentence – Marriage is often prescribed as a universal remedy.
  • Liquidation (noun) – परिसमापन, दिवालियापन
    Meaning – conversion of assets into cash by selling them (to pay debts).
    Sentence – U.S. stocks could face liquidation by foreign holders.
  • Stymie (verb) – गतिरोध
    Meaning – Prevent or hinder the progress of.
    Synonyms – impede, prevent, hinder/obstruct.
    Sentence – The system is also stymied by a reporting loophole.
  • Infuse (verb) – उत्तेजित करना, उड़ेलना
    Meaning – Instil (a quality) in someone or something.
    Synonyms – add, introduce.
    Sentence – He did his best to infuse good humour into his voice.
  • Entrepreneur (noun) – व्यवसायी
    Meaning – A person who sets up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit.
    Synonyms – businessman, businesswoman, business person.
    Sentence – You, too, can be an Internet entrepreneur.
  • Aid (verb) – सहायता
    Meaning – Promote or encourage (something)
    Synonyms – help, assist, sustain.
    Sentence – The guests were all kept on special diets to aid their recovery.
  • Paradise Lost (phrase) 
    Meaning – the story of Adam & Eve and their expulsion from their Garden of Eden (Paradise) by God for their disobedience.
  • Backing (noun) – समर्थन
    Meaning – Help or support.
    Synonyms – support, assistance, help/aid.
    Sentence – The foreign secretary won the backing of opposition parties.
  • Recalcitrant (adjective) – आज्ञा न माननेवाला
    Meaning – Having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
    Synonyms – wilful, uncooperative, obstinately disobedient.
    Sentence – Rarely do recalcitrant companies get punished.
  • Business as usual (phrase) 
    Meaning – routine, regularity, normal pattern.
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Maldivian Reprieve) Vocab – 20 Nov, 2018



Note – 

  • This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.


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