The Hindu Editorial (The gap within) Vocab – 24 Jan, 2019

India, as the world’s fastest-growing major economy, may well be catching up with the richer economies in terms of absolute size. 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The gap within: on inter-State disparities) – Jan 24, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The gap within: on inter-State disparities) – Jan 24, 2019

 

  • Inter-State (adjective) – अन्तर्राज्यीय
    Meaning – existing or taking place between states

    Sentence – He was traveling on a dark interstate road with a 75 Km/H posted speed limit
  • Disparity (noun) – असमानता
    Meaning – a difference between things

    Synonyms – discrepancy, inconsistency, imbalance, inequality, incongruity, unevenness.
    Sentence – Economic disparities between different regions of the country.
  • Catch up (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning –Succeed in reaching a person who is ahead of one.
  • Absolute पूर्ण
    Meaning – Not qualified or diminished in any way; total.

    Synonyms – very great, or complete
    Sentence – To River’s total and absolute horror, Adam’s fingers caught and fastened around his neck.
  • Convergence (noun) संमिलन
    Meaning – a situation in which people or things gradually become the same or very similar

    Synonyms – junction, fork, branching, intersection, interchange, confluence, meeting point
    Sentence – The convergence of communications processing is an issue.
  • Widen (verb) – विस्तृत बनाना
    Meaning – to (cause something to) become larger or to include a larger amount or number

    Synonyms – broaden, open up, open out, spread, expand, extend, enlarge
    Sentence – The lane widened out into a small clearing.
  • Evaluate (verb) मूल्यांकन करना
    Meaning – to think carefully about something before making a judgment about its value, importance, or quality

    Synonyms – assess the worth of, put a price on, put a value on
    Sentence – The study will assist in evaluating the impact of recent changes.
  • Bridge the gap (idiom)
    Meaning – to reduce the differences that separate two things or groups.
     
  • Sustained (adjective) निरंतर 
    Meaning – continuing at the same level or rate for a long time

    Sentence – Several years of sustained economic growth.
  • For instance (phrase)
    Meaning – for example
  • Albeit (conjunction) यद्यपि, हालांकि
    Meaning – Though

    Synonyms – although, even if, even though, in spite of the fact that.
    Sentence – He was making progress, albeit rather slowly.
  • Subsequent (adjective) आगामी
    Meaning – happening or coming after something else

    Synonyms – following, ensuing, succeeding, successive, later, future,.
    Sentence – It is noted that there was an episode of enuresis subsequent to this report.
  • Significant (adjective) महत्वपूर्ण
    Meaning – very large or noticeable

    Synonyms – notable, noteworthy, worthy of attention, remarkable, outstanding, important.
    Sentence – A significant increase in sales.
  • Divergence (noun) विचलन
    Meaning – A difference in opinions, interests, etc.

    Synonyms – dissimilarity, variance, polarity, disparity, contrast, difference
    Sentence – A fundamental divergence of attitude.
  • Fortune  (noun) संपत्ति
    Meaning – money and success

    Synonyms – wealth, riches, substance, property, assets, resources.
    Sentence – He inherited a substantial fortune. 
  • On the other hand (phrase) 
    Meaning – used for giving two different opinions about something
     
  • Burgeon (verb) तेजी से बढ़ना 
    Meaning – growing or developing quickly

    Synonyms – increase exponentially, increase rapidly, expand, spring up, shoot up
    Sentence – Manufacturers are keen to cash in on the burgeoning demand.
  • Breach (noun) उल्लंघन 
    Meaning – to break a law, rule, or agreement

    Synonyms – contravention, violation, breaking, non-observance, infringement.
    Sentence – I am talking about gross breaches of code of conduct.
  • Deficit (noun) घाटा
    Meaning – The amount by which something, especially a sum of money, is too small.

    Synonyms – shortfall, deficiency, shortage, undersupply, slippage.
    Sentence – They had turned a five-point deficit into a one-point lead inside six minutes.
  • Profligate अपव्ययी, भ्रष्टाचरण
    Meaning – Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources.

    Synonyms – wasteful, extravagant, spendthrift, improvident, prodigal, immoderate.
    Sentence – The combined loss of possession and position is profligate to the point of wasteful.
  • Uphold (verb) कायम रखना 
    Meaning – Maintain (a custom or practice)

    Synonyms – sustain, continue, preserve, protect, keep, hold to, keep alive.
    Sentence – They uphold a tradition of not causing distress to living creatures.
  • Thrive (verb) कामयाब होना, बढ़ना
    Meaning – to become very successful

    Synonyms – happy, healthy, developing, blooming
    Sentence – Education groups thrive on organization.
  • Crucial (adjective) महत्वपूर्ण
    Meaning – something that is crucial is extremely important because it has a major effect on the result of something

    Synonyms – pivotal, critical, key, climacteric, decisive, deciding, determining
    Sentence – I see the next 18 months as crucial to the long-term development of the game.
  • Determinant (noun) सिद्ध, निर्धारक
    Meaning – something that controls or decides how something else will develop or what result it will have

    Synonyms – factor, issue, point, concern, item, matter, element.
    Sentence – Pure force of will was the main determinant of his success.
  • Long-run (noun) – आगे जाकर
    Meaning – not immediately but at some time in the future.
  • Prospect (noun) आशा, संभावना
    Meaning – the possibility that something will happen, especially something good
    Synonyms – hope, expectation, anticipation, chance, good chance, poor chance
    Sentence – It is not a prospect which he anticipates with much enthusiasm.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Clearer TV) Vocab – 30 Jan, 2019

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