Whether the Congress erred in privileging members of the old guard to lead the governments in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh has become a subject of debate.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Old vs new: how the Congress chooses CMs) – Dec 17, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Old vs new: how the Congress chooses CMs) – Dec 17, 2018
- Err (verb) – ग़लती होना
Meaning –Be mistaken or incorrect
Synonyms – guilty, culpable, misbehaving, delinquent, lawless, lawbreaking, criminal
Sentence – The judge had erred in ruling that the evidence was inadmissible.
- Privilege (verb) – विशेषाधिकार
Meaning – Exempt (someone) from a liability or obligation to which others are subject.
Synonyms – grant a right/advantage, give an advantage/benefit.
Sentence – The law does not privilege the interests of men above those of women.
- Old guard (noun) – किसी समूह या पार्टी के मूल सदस्य
Meaning – old member of an organisation.
Sentence – When you were justice minister, you met resistance from the old guard.
- Mould (noun) – ढालना, आकार
Meaning – A hollow container used to give shape to molten or hot liquid material when it cools and hardens.
Synonyms – pattern, format, model/structure.
Sentence – The smith would pour the molten metal into the shaped mould.
- Make a mockery of (phrase)
Meaning – make something to look foolish/absurd.
- Convention (noun) – सम्मेलन, परंपरा
Meaning – A way in which something is usually done.
Synonyms – protocol, custom/practice, agreement.
Sentence – We must know the techniques and conventions and standards.
- Distrust (noun) – शक
Meaning – The feeling that someone or something cannot be relied upon.
Synonyms – mistrust, suspicion, lack of confidence.
Sentence – The public’s distrust of politicians.
- Opaque (adjective) – अपारदर्शी, अस्पष्ट
Meaning – Not able to be seen through; not transparent.
Synonyms – non-transparent, unclear, mysterious/doubtful.
Sentence – The windows were opaque with steam.
- Precede (verb) – पूर्व में होना
Meaning – Come before (something) in time.
Synonyms – go before, go in advance of, lead up to, lead to, pave the way for
Sentence – A gun battle had preceded the explosions.
- Unanimously (adverb) – सर्वसम्मति से
Meaning – without opposition, agreed to by everyone involved.
Synonyms – with one accord, with one mind, to a man, as one, one and all, each and every one, bar none
Sentence – We may have some problems but they must be tackled unanimously as one nation.
- Detractor (noun) – आलोचक
Meaning – A person who disparages someone or something.
Synonyms – critic, fault-finder, censurer.
Sentence – In the print world, it’s safe to say, making sure that one’s detractors are heard is much rarer.
- Spearhead (noun) – नेता
Meaning – An individual or group chosen to lead an attack or movement.
Synonyms – forefront, leaders, driving force.
Sentence – He became the spearhead of a health education program.
- Dynamism (noun) – गतिशीलता
Meaning – The quality of being characterized by vigorous activity and progress.
Synonyms – strength, powerfulness, potency/efficacy.
Sentence – The dynamism and strength of the economy.
- Call for (phrasal verb)
Meaning – require, make necessary, demand.
- Sober (adjective) – शांत
Meaning – Not affected by alcohol; not drunk.
Synonyms – sensible/thoughtful; logical, realistic.
Sentence – I didn’t even care that I had to stay sober to drive.
- At the helm (phrase)
Meaning – in charge, in command/control/authority; in the driving seat.
- Reorientation (noun) – पुनरभिविन्यास
Meaning – the act of changing the focus/direction.
Sentence – The only solution is the reorientation of our defense policy.
- Grassroots (plural noun) – साधारण जन समुदाय
Meaning – the most basic level of an organisation.
Sentence – The whole campaign would be conducted at the grass roots.
- Decentralise (verb) – विकेन्द्रित करना
Meaning – Transfer (authority) from central to local government.
Sentence – It will centralise rather than decentralise power.
- Feeble (adjective) –
Meaning – Failing to convince or impress.
Synonyms – ineffective, unsatisfactory, unconvincing/weak.
Sentence – The feeble excuses some people try to swing are funny.
- Euphemism (noun) – व्यंजना
Meaning – Polite/indirect term; a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used instead of one that is unpleasant or offensive.
Synonyms – substitute, mild alternative, indirect term, understatement
Sentence – I don’t like euphemisms or euphemistic language.
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