The filing of sedition and conspiracy charges against three former Jawaharlal Nehru University students and seven others nearly three years after a political event on its campus, is a needlessly heavy-handed response to campus sloganeering.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Sedition and politics: on the charge-sheeting of JNU students) – Jan 17, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Sedition and politics: on the charge-sheeting of JNU students) – Jan 17, 2019
- Sedition (noun) – राज – द्रोह
Meaning – Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.
Synonyms – incitement (to riot/rebellion), agitation, trouble making/provocation.
Sentence – The security laws ban treason, sedition, subversion and the theft of state secrets.
- Criminalise (verb) – अपराध
Meaning – make something (an activity) illegal.
Sentence – his view is that the state should not criminalize drug use but discourage it
- Contrarian (adjective)
Meaning – a person who is opposing, rejecting, dissenting (popular opinion).
Sentence – It has become fashionable to be a stock-market contrarian.
- Heavy-handed (adjective) – भद्दा, तानाशाही
Meaning – Clumsy, insensitive, or overly forceful.
Synonyms – oppressive, harsh/ruthless, autocratic.
Sentence – It is narrative driven, without being heavy-handed or overly literal.
- Sloganeering (noun) – नारेबाजी
Meaning – an act of using slogans (mostly for political reasons).
Sentence – at least he avoided vapid sloganeering.
- Cast a shadow (phrase)
Meaning – spoil, diminish.
- Radicalised (adjective) – कट्टर
Meaning – relating to cause someone to follow radical ways particularly in politics ( & society).
Sentence – Some of those involved had been radicalized by the Vietnam War.
- Stringent (adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning – (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Synonyms – firm, rigid, rigorous, severe, harsh, tough, tight.
Sentence – Stringent guidelines on air pollution.
- Statute (noun) – क़ानून
Meaning – A written law passed by a legislative body.
Synonyms – act/law, regulation, rule.
Sentence – The Act consolidated statutes dealing with non-fatal offences.
- Incite (verb) – उत्तेजित करना
Meaning – Encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behaviour)
Synonyms – stoke, fuel, encourage.
Sentence – They conspired to incite riots.
- Sovereignty (noun) – संप्रभुता
Meaning – Supreme power or authority.
Synonyms – autonomy, independence, self-government/self-rule.
Sentence – The sovereignty of Parliament.
- Assailant (noun) – आक्रमण-संबंधी
Meaning – A person who physically attacks another.
Synonyms – attacker, raider.
Sentence – The police have no firm leads about the identity of his assailant.
- Lay down (phrasal verb)
Meaning – formulate, stipulate, set down.
- Call for (phrasal verb)
Meaning – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
- Pernicious (adjective) – हानिकारक
Meaning – Having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
Synonyms – harmful, damaging, destructive.
Sentence – The pernicious influences of the mass media.
- Foment (verb) – भड़काना
Meaning – Instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action)
Synonyms – instigate, incite/excite, stir up.
Sentence – They accused him of fomenting political unrest.
- Conspicuously (adverb) – सुस्पष्ट, उजागर होकर
Meaning – In a clearly visible way.
Synonyms – prominently, mainly, importantly (to attract attention).
Sentence – The signs were conspicuously displayed inside the restaurant.
- Radical (adjective) – उग्र
Meaning – (especially of change or action) relating to or affecting the fundamental nature of something; far-reaching or thorough.
Synonyms – revolutionary, progressive, reforming.
Sentence – A radical overhaul of the existing regulatory framework.
- Thrive (verb) – फलना, कामयाब होना
Meaning – Prosper; flourish.
Synonyms – flourish/prosper, develop, burgeon.
Sentence – Education groups thrive on organization.
- Anathema (noun) – अभिशाप
Meaning – Something or someone that one vehemently dislikes.
Synonyms – hateful, odious, repugnant, repellent, offensive
Sentence – Racial hatred was anathema to her.
- Dispensation (noun) – व्यवस्था
Meaning – Exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
Synonyms – system, arrangement, organization.
Sentence – First of all I have to seek dispensation for compliance with rule 41.2.
- Indulge (verb) – लिप्त
Meaning – Allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Synonyms – involve in, revel in.
Sentence – We indulged in a cream tea.
- Nurture (verb) – पालन – पोषण करना
Meaning – Care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing.
Synonyms – encourage, promote, develop/foster.
Sentence – The workshop would go a long way in nurturing female talent, she avers.
- Disquieting (adjective) – बेचैन
Meaning – Inducing feelings of anxiety or worry.
Synonyms – horrible, awful, disgusting/upsetting.
Sentence – This is a disquieting book with a disturbing message.
- Endorse (verb) – समर्थन
Meaning – Declare one’s public approval or support of.
Synonyms – uphold, support, defend.
Sentence – The report was endorsed by the college.
- Antipathy (noun) – घृणा
Meaning – A deep-seated feeling of aversion.
Synonyms – hostility, aversion, opposition.
Sentence – His fundamental antipathy to capitalism.
- Invariably (adverb) – स्थिरता से
Meaning – In every case or on every occasion; always.
Synonyms – always, every time, each time.
Sentence – This invariably consists of a lot of strangers in a studio, shouting at each other
- Dissenting (adjective) – असहमति
Meaning – Holding or expressing opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held.
Synonyms – disagreeing, objecting, differing/opposing.
Sentence – There were a couple of dissenting voices.
- Populist (adjective) – लोकलुभावन
Meaning – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
Sentence – he ran as a populist on an anti-corruption platform.
- Clampdown (noun) – शिकंजा कसना
Meaning – A concerted or harsh attempt to suppress something.
Synonyms – suppression, crackdown, prevention.
Sentence – He fears that hardliners could initiate a conservative clampdown.
- Dissent (noun) – मतभेद
Meaning – The holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
Synonyms – disagreement, disapproval, opposition.
Sentence – These words provoked no murmurs of dissent from this largely Republican crowd.
- In the light of (phrase)
Meaning – considering, taking into account, keeping in mind.
- Interpretation (noun) – व्याख्या
Meaning – The action of explaining the meaning of something.
Synonyms – meaning, understanding, reading.
Sentence – A simple difference of interpretation explained their different results.
- Take cognisance of (phrase) –
Meaning – attend to, take into account, be prepared for.
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