The Hindu Editorial (Sedition and politics) Vocab – 17 Jan, 2019

The filing of sedition and conspiracy charges against three former Jawaharlal Nehru University students and seven others nearly three years after a political event on its campus, is a needlessly heavy-handed response to campus sloganeering. 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Sedition and politics: on the charge-sheeting of JNU students) – Jan 17, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Sedition and politics: on the charge-sheeting of JNU students) – Jan 17, 2019

 

  • Sedition (noun) – राज – द्रोह
    Meaning – Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.
    Synonyms – incitement (to riot/rebellion), agitation, trouble making/provocation.
    Sentence – The security laws ban treason, sedition, subversion and the theft of state secrets.
  • Criminalise (verb) – अपराध
    Meaning – make something (an activity) illegal.
    Sentence – his view is that the state should not criminalize drug use but discourage it
  • Contrarian (adjective) 
    Meaning – a person who is opposing, rejecting, dissenting (popular opinion).
    Sentence – It has become fashionable to be a stock-market contrarian.
  • Heavy-handed (adjective) – भद्दा, तानाशाही
    Meaning – Clumsy, insensitive, or overly forceful.
    Synonyms – oppressive, harsh/ruthless, autocratic.

    Sentence – It is narrative driven, without being heavy-handed or overly literal. 
  • Sloganeering (noun) नारेबाजी
    Meaning –  an act of using slogans (mostly for political reasons).
    Sentence – at least he avoided vapid sloganeering.
  • Cast a shadow (phrase) 
    Meaning – spoil, diminish. 
  • Radicalised (adjective) – कट्टर
    Meaning – relating to cause someone to follow radical ways particularly in politics ( & society).
    Sentence – Some of those involved had been radicalized by the Vietnam War.
  • Stringent (adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी
    Meaning – (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
    Synonyms –
    firm, rigid, rigorous, severe, harsh, tough, tight.

    Sentence – Stringent guidelines on air pollution.
  • Statute (noun) क़ानून
    Meaning – A written law passed by a legislative body.
    Synonyms –
     act/law, regulation, rule.

    Sentence – The Act consolidated statutes dealing with non-fatal offences.
  • Incite (verb) – उत्तेजित करना
    Meaning – Encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behaviour)
    Synonyms –
     stoke, fuel, encourage.

    Sentence – They conspired to incite riots. 
  • Sovereignty (noun) संप्रभुता
    Meaning – Supreme power or authority.
    Synonyms –
     autonomy, independence, self-government/self-rule.

    Sentence – The sovereignty of Parliament. 
  • Assailant (noun) – आक्रमण-संबंधी
    Meaning – A person who physically attacks another.
    Synonyms –
     attacker, raider.

    Sentence – The police have no firm leads about the identity of his assailant. 
  • Lay down (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – formulate, stipulate, set down.
  • Call for (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  • Pernicious (adjective) – हानिकारक
    Meaning – Having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
    Synonyms –
     harmful, damaging, destructive.

    Sentence – The pernicious influences of the mass media. 
  • Foment (verb) भड़काना
    Meaning – Instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action)
    Synonyms –
     instigate, incite/excite, stir up.

    Sentence – They accused him of fomenting political unrest. 
  • Conspicuously (adverb) – सुस्पष्ट, उजागर होकर
    Meaning – In a clearly visible way.
    Synonyms –
     prominently, mainly, importantly (to attract attention).

    Sentence – The signs were conspicuously displayed inside the restaurant. 
  • Radical (adjective) उग्र
    Meaning – (especially of change or action) relating to or affecting the fundamental nature of something; far-reaching or thorough.
    Synonyms –
     revolutionary, progressive, reforming.

    Sentence – A radical overhaul of the existing regulatory framework. 
  • Thrive (verb) – फलना, कामयाब होना
    Meaning – Prosper; flourish.
    Synonyms –
     flourish/prosper, develop, burgeon.

    Sentence – Education groups thrive on organization. 
  • Anathema (noun) अभिशाप
    Meaning – Something or someone that one vehemently dislikes.
    Synonyms –
    hateful, odious, repugnant, repellent, offensive

    Sentence –  Racial hatred was anathema to her.
  • Dispensation (noun) – व्यवस्था
    Meaning – Exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
    Synonyms – system, arrangement, organization.
    Sentence – First of all I have to seek dispensation for compliance with rule 41.2.
  • Indulge (verb) लिप्त
    Meaning – Allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
    Synonyms –
     involve in, revel in.

    Sentence – We indulged in a cream tea. 
  • Nurture (verb) – पालन – पोषण करना
    Meaning – Care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing.
    Synonyms –
     encourage, promote, develop/foster.

    Sentence – The workshop would go a long way in nurturing female talent, she avers. 
  • Disquieting (adjective) बेचैन
    Meaning – Inducing feelings of anxiety or worry.
    Synonyms –
     horrible, awful, disgusting/upsetting.

    Sentence – This is a disquieting book with a disturbing message. 
  • Endorse (verb) – समर्थन
    Meaning – Declare one’s public approval or support of.
    Synonyms –
     uphold, support, defend.

    Sentence – The report was endorsed by the college. 
  • Antipathy (noun) – घृणा
    Meaning – A deep-seated feeling of aversion.
    Synonyms –
     hostility, aversion, opposition.

    Sentence – His fundamental antipathy to capitalism. 
  • Invariably (adverb) स्थिरता से
    Meaning – In every case or on every occasion; always.
    Synonyms –
     always, every time, each time.

    Sentence – This invariably consists of a lot of strangers in a studio, shouting at each other 
  • Dissenting (adjective) – असहमति
    Meaning – Holding or expressing opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held.

    Synonyms – disagreeing, objecting, differing/opposing. 
    Sentence – There were a couple of dissenting voices.
  • Populist (adjective) लोकलुभावन
    Meaning – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
    Sentence – he ran as a populist on an anti-corruption platform.
  • Clampdown (noun) – शिकंजा कसना
    Meaning – A concerted or harsh attempt to suppress something.
    Synonyms –
     suppression, crackdown, prevention.

    Sentence – He fears that hardliners could initiate a conservative clampdown. 
  • Dissent (noun) मतभेद
    Meaning – The holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
    Synonyms –
     disagreement, disapproval, opposition.

    Sentence – These words provoked no murmurs of dissent from this largely Republican crowd. 
  • In the light of (phrase)  
    Meaning –  considering, taking into account, keeping in mind. 
  • Interpretation (noun) व्याख्या
    Meaning – The action of explaining the meaning of something.
    Synonyms –
     meaning, understanding, reading.

    Sentence – A simple difference of interpretation explained their different results. 
  • Take cognisance of (phrase)
    Meaning – attend to, take into account, be prepared for. 
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Rights, revised: on the Transgender Persons Bill, 2018) Vocab – 20 Dec, 2018

 

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