The Hindu Editorial (Slowdown signals: on Q2 growth estimates) Vocabulary – Dec 03, 2018

The growth estimates for the July-September quarter from the Central Statistics Office show that the economy’s expansion predictably slowed.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Slowdown signals: on Q2 growth estimates) – Dec 03, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Slowdown signals: on Q2 growth estimates) – Dec 03, 2018

  • Slowdown (noun) – सुस्त होना
    Meaning – A decline in economic activity.
    Synonyms – economic decline, recession, slump, depression.
    Sentence – The drop in earnings was due to an extreme economic slowdown.
  • Shore up (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – bolster up, support, buttress/strengthen. 
  • Robust (noun) – मजबूत
    Meaning – Strong and healthy; vigorous.
    Synonyms – strong, solid, powerful.
    Sentence – The Caplan family are a robust lot.
  • Dampen (verb) निस्र्त्साह करना, जी तोड़ना
    Meaning – Make less strong or intense.
    Synonyms – decrease, diminish/lessen, reduce.
    Sentence – Nothing could dampen her enthusiasm.
  • Buck (verb) – विरोध करना
    Meaning – Oppose or resist (something oppressive or inevitable).
    Synonyms – resist, oppose, contradict, defy.
    Sentence – The shares bucked the market trend.
  • Ease (verb) – आराम, राहत देने
    Meaning – Make (something unpleasant or intense) less serious or severe.
    Synonyms – decrease, lower, reduce (in value).
    Sentence – A huge road-building programme to ease congestion.
  • Distress (noun) – संकट, विपत्ति
    Meaning – Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
    Synonyms – anguish, pain, suffering, hardship.
    Sentence – To his distress he saw that she was trembling.
  • Outlook (noun) – दृष्टिकोण
    Meaning – A person’s point of view or general attitude to life.
    Synonyms – prospects, expectations, hopes.
    Sentence – He had a practical outlook on life.
  • Hinterland (noun) आंतरिक इलाके, भीतरी प्रदेश
    Meaning – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
    Synonyms – the middle of nowhere, the backwoods, the wilds, the bush, remote areas, a backwater
    Sentence – The hinterland of North-East.
  • Halve (verb) – आधा आधा बांटना
    Meaning –Divide into two parts of equal or roughly equal size.
    Sentence – A traditional way of preserving pears is by halving and drying.
  • Becalm (verb) – रोक देना, शांत हो जाना
    Meaning – Leave (a sailing ship) unable to move through lack of wind.
    Synonyms – strand, stuck, marooned, unmoving.
    Sentence – Both boats hung on before the whole fleet was becalmed south of Rampholme.
  • Build on (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – develop, expand, enlarge (using something as a foundation). 
  • Discernible (adjective) – दृष्टिगोचर, प्रत्यक्ष
    Meaning – Able to be discerned; perceptible.
    Synonyms – distinguishable, visible, noticeable.
    Sentence – The scandal had no discernible effect on his career.
  • Posit (verb) किसी स्थिति में रखना
    Meaning – Put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
    Synonyms – postulate, put forward, predicate.
    Sentence – The Confucian view posits a perfectible human nature.
  • Cyclical (adjective) चक्रीय
    Meaning – Occurring in cycles; recurrent.
    Synonyms – recurrent/recurring, repetitive, regular.
    Sentence – The cyclical nature of the cement industry.
  • Fiscal deficit (noun) – राजकोषीय घाटा
    Meaning – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government. 
  • Invariably (adverb)स्थिरता से
    Meaning – In every case or on every occasion; always.
    Synonyms – always, every time, each time.
    Sentence – Ranch meals are invariably big and hearty.
  • Crowd out (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – oust, overthrow, remove.
  • Loom (verb) पास ही मंडराना
    Meaning – Appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening.
    Synonyms – be imminent/close, about to happen, impend/brew.
    Sentence – Vehicles loomed out of the darkness. 
Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Leave them alone: on the Sentinelese) Vocab – 26 Nov, 2018

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