The growth estimates for the July-September quarter from the Central Statistics Office show that the economy’s expansion predictably slowed.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Slowdown signals: on Q2 growth estimates) – Dec 03, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Slowdown signals: on Q2 growth estimates) – Dec 03, 2018
- Slowdown (noun) – सुस्त होना
Meaning – A decline in economic activity.
Synonyms – economic decline, recession, slump, depression.
Sentence – The drop in earnings was due to an extreme economic slowdown.
- Shore up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – bolster up, support, buttress/strengthen.
- Robust (noun) – मजबूत
Meaning – Strong and healthy; vigorous.
Synonyms – strong, solid, powerful.
Sentence – The Caplan family are a robust lot.
- Dampen (verb) – निस्र्त्साह करना, जी तोड़ना
Meaning – Make less strong or intense.
Synonyms – decrease, diminish/lessen, reduce.
Sentence – Nothing could dampen her enthusiasm.
- Buck (verb) – विरोध करना
Meaning – Oppose or resist (something oppressive or inevitable).
Synonyms – resist, oppose, contradict, defy.
Sentence – The shares bucked the market trend.
- Ease (verb) – आराम, राहत देने
Meaning – Make (something unpleasant or intense) less serious or severe.
Synonyms – decrease, lower, reduce (in value).
Sentence – A huge road-building programme to ease congestion.
- Distress (noun) – संकट, विपत्ति
Meaning – Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
Synonyms – anguish, pain, suffering, hardship.
Sentence – To his distress he saw that she was trembling.
- Outlook (noun) – दृष्टिकोण
Meaning – A person’s point of view or general attitude to life.
Synonyms – prospects, expectations, hopes.
Sentence – He had a practical outlook on life.
- Hinterland (noun) – आंतरिक इलाके, भीतरी प्रदेश
Meaning – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
Synonyms – the middle of nowhere, the backwoods, the wilds, the bush, remote areas, a backwater
Sentence – The hinterland of North-East.
- Halve (verb) – आधा आधा बांटना
Meaning –Divide into two parts of equal or roughly equal size.
Sentence – A traditional way of preserving pears is by halving and drying.
- Becalm (verb) – रोक देना, शांत हो जाना
Meaning – Leave (a sailing ship) unable to move through lack of wind.
Synonyms – strand, stuck, marooned, unmoving.
Sentence – Both boats hung on before the whole fleet was becalmed south of Rampholme.
- Build on (phrasal verb)
Meaning – develop, expand, enlarge (using something as a foundation).
- Discernible (adjective) – दृष्टिगोचर, प्रत्यक्ष
Meaning – Able to be discerned; perceptible.
Synonyms – distinguishable, visible, noticeable.
Sentence – The scandal had no discernible effect on his career.
- Posit (verb) – किसी स्थिति में रखना
Meaning – Put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
Synonyms – postulate, put forward, predicate.
Sentence – The Confucian view posits a perfectible human nature.
- Cyclical (adjective) – चक्रीय
Meaning – Occurring in cycles; recurrent.
Synonyms – recurrent/recurring, repetitive, regular.
Sentence – The cyclical nature of the cement industry.
- Fiscal deficit (noun) – राजकोषीय घाटा
Meaning – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
- Invariably (adverb) – स्थिरता से
Meaning – In every case or on every occasion; always.
Synonyms – always, every time, each time.
Sentence – Ranch meals are invariably big and hearty.
- Crowd out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – oust, overthrow, remove.
- Loom (verb) – पास ही मंडराना
Meaning – Appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening.
Synonyms – be imminent/close, about to happen, impend/brew.
Sentence – Vehicles loomed out of the darkness.
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