The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) Vocab – 30 Nov, 2018

The staggering loss of an estimated 153 billion hours of labour during 2017 due to rising temperatures around the globe is a reminder to governments that they are not doing enough to dramatically curb greenhouse gas emissions.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) – Nov 30, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) – Nov 30, 2018

 

  • Heatwave (noun) – सख़्त गर्मी
    Meaning – A prolonged period of abnormally hot weather.
    Synonyms – hotness, warm weather, warmth, warmness, sultriness, closeness

    Sentence – Extreme weather events, floods, droughts, and heatwaves are more frequent.
  • Staggering (adjective) – चक्कर, लड़खड़ाहट
    Meaning – Deeply shocking; astonishing.
    Synonyms – 
    shocking, appalling, surprising, astonishing.

    Sentence – He staggering bills for maintenance and repair.
  • Curb (verb) – प्रतिबंध, नियंत्रण करना
    Meaning – Restrain or keep in check.
    Synonyms – control, restrain, contain.

    Sentence –  She promised she would curb her temper.
  • Countdown (noun) – उलटी गिनती
    Meaning – a period of time leading up to a significant event.
    Sentence – The missiles’ launch crews would begin their final countdown.
  • Implications (noun) – निहितार्थ, उलझाव
    Meaning – The conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.
    Synonyms – consequence, outcome, ramification, repercussion.

    Sentence – The implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible.
  • Well-being (noun) – हाल चाल, शुभ
    Meaning – The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.
    Synonyms – prosperity, fortune, wealth.

    Sentence – 
  • At stake (phrase) 
    Meaning – at risk, at issue, in question.
  • Vulnerable (noun) – चपेट में, आलोचनीय, भेद्य
    Meaning – Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
    Synonyms – prone to, subject to,  susceptible.

    Sentence – Small fish are vulnerable to predators.
  • Ambitious (adjective) – महत्त्वाकांक्षी
    Meaning – Having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
    Synonyms – difficult, exacting, formidable, challenging.

    Sentence – Some of the more ambitious regional economic groupings are striving to become a common market.
  • Cut back (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – reduce, cut, decrease. 
  • Obligation (noun) – कर्तव्य, आभार
    Meaning – An act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment.
    Synonyms – condition, requirement, moral imperative, responsibility.

    Sentence – I have an obligation to look after her
  • Sustained (adjective) – निरंतर, लगातार
    Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
    Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.

    Sentence – Several years of sustained economic growth.
  • Renewable energy (noun) – नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा
    Meaning – Energy from a source that is not depleted when used, such as wind or solar power.
    Sentence – The environmental benefits of renewable energy.
  • Photovoltaics (noun) 
    Meaning – the branch of technology used to generate electricity directly from sunlight by an electronic process naturally occurring in semiconductors.
    Sentence – Solar-powered accessories make use of a technology called photovoltaics.
  • Cornerstone (noun) – आधारशिला
    Meaning – An important quality or feature on which a particular thing depends or is based.
    Synonyms – focus, crux, fundamental principle, central component.

    Sentence – A national minimum wage remained the cornerstone of policy.
  • Fossil fuel (noun) – जीवाश्म ईंधन
    Meaning – A natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.
    Sentence – The fossil fuel burned by a passing car becomes a Palaeolithic thought bubble in the present.
  • Consensus (noun) – आम सहमति
    Meaning – A general agreement.
    Synonyms – (general) opinion, view, agreement, concurrence.

    Sentence – The general consensus is that faith in an afterlife is a positive psychological state.
  • Catastrophe (noun) – तबाही
    Meaning – An event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
    Synonyms – disaster, calamity,crisis, tragedy.

    Sentence – An environmental catastrophe.
  • Rehabilitation (noun) – पुनर्वास
    Meaning – The action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal.
    Sentence – She underwent rehabilitation and was walking within three weeks.
  • Underscore (verb) – बल देना, जांचना
    Meaning – Underline (something).
    Synonyms – emphasize, highlight, underline.
  • Aggravated (adjective) – बहुत बिगड़, गंभीरता बढ़ाना
    Meaning –  (of an offence) made more serious by attendant circumstances.
    Synonyms – made serious, severe, exacerbated, enraged.

    Sentence – He was jailed for three years in December 2015 for aggravated burglary and other offences.

 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Give and take) Vocab – 21 Nov, 2018

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