The staggering loss of an estimated 153 billion hours of labour during 2017 due to rising temperatures around the globe is a reminder to governments that they are not doing enough to dramatically curb greenhouse gas emissions.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) – Nov 30, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) – Nov 30, 2018
- Heatwave (noun) – सख़्त गर्मी
Meaning – A prolonged period of abnormally hot weather.
Synonyms – hotness, warm weather, warmth, warmness, sultriness, closeness
Sentence – Extreme weather events, floods, droughts, and heatwaves are more frequent.
- Staggering (adjective) – चक्कर, लड़खड़ाहट
Meaning – Deeply shocking; astonishing.
Synonyms – shocking, appalling, surprising, astonishing.
Sentence – He staggering bills for maintenance and repair.
- Curb (verb) – प्रतिबंध, नियंत्रण करना
Meaning – Restrain or keep in check.
Synonyms – control, restrain, contain.
Sentence – She promised she would curb her temper.
- Countdown (noun) – उलटी गिनती
Meaning – a period of time leading up to a significant event.
Sentence – The missiles’ launch crews would begin their final countdown.
- Implications (noun) – निहितार्थ, उलझाव
Meaning – The conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.
Synonyms – consequence, outcome, ramification, repercussion.
Sentence – The implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible.
- Well-being (noun) – हाल चाल, शुभ
Meaning – The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.
Synonyms – prosperity, fortune, wealth.
- At stake (phrase)
Meaning – at risk, at issue, in question.
- Vulnerable (noun) – चपेट में, आलोचनीय, भेद्य
Meaning – Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
Synonyms – prone to, subject to, susceptible.
Sentence – Small fish are vulnerable to predators.
- Ambitious (adjective) – महत्त्वाकांक्षी
Meaning – Having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed.
Synonyms – difficult, exacting, formidable, challenging.
Sentence – Some of the more ambitious regional economic groupings are striving to become a common market.
- Cut back (phrasal verb)
Meaning – reduce, cut, decrease.
- Obligation (noun) – कर्तव्य, आभार
Meaning – An act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment.
Synonyms – condition, requirement, moral imperative, responsibility.
Sentence – I have an obligation to look after her
- Sustained (adjective) – निरंतर, लगातार
Meaning – Continuing for an extended period or without interruption.
Synonyms – continuous, uninterrupted, constant.
Sentence – Several years of sustained economic growth.
- Renewable energy (noun) – नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा
Meaning – Energy from a source that is not depleted when used, such as wind or solar power.
Sentence – The environmental benefits of renewable energy.
- Photovoltaics (noun)
Meaning – the branch of technology used to generate electricity directly from sunlight by an electronic process naturally occurring in semiconductors.
Sentence – Solar-powered accessories make use of a technology called photovoltaics.
- Cornerstone (noun) – आधारशिला
Meaning – An important quality or feature on which a particular thing depends or is based.
Synonyms – focus, crux, fundamental principle, central component.
Sentence – A national minimum wage remained the cornerstone of policy.
- Fossil fuel (noun) – जीवाश्म ईंधन
Meaning – A natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.
Sentence – The fossil fuel burned by a passing car becomes a Palaeolithic thought bubble in the present.
- Consensus (noun) – आम सहमति
Meaning – A general agreement.
Synonyms – (general) opinion, view, agreement, concurrence.
Sentence – The general consensus is that faith in an afterlife is a positive psychological state.
- Catastrophe (noun) – तबाही
Meaning – An event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
Synonyms – disaster, calamity,crisis, tragedy.
Sentence – An environmental catastrophe.
- Rehabilitation (noun) – पुनर्वास
Meaning – The action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal.
Sentence – She underwent rehabilitation and was walking within three weeks.
- Underscore (verb) – बल देना, जांचना
Meaning – Underline (something).
Synonyms – emphasize, highlight, underline.
- Aggravated (adjective) – बहुत बिगड़, गंभीरता बढ़ाना
Meaning – (of an offence) made more serious by attendant circumstances.
Synonyms – made serious, severe, exacerbated, enraged.
Sentence – He was jailed for three years in December 2015 for aggravated burglary and other offences.
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