The Hindu Editorial (The Sri Lanka crisis deepens) Vocab – 12 Nov, 2018

Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena has dissolved Parliament after it became evident that Mahinda Rajapaksa, who he had appointed Prime Minister two weeks ago, did not enjoy a legislative majority. 

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The Sri Lanka crisis deepens) – Nov 12, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The Sri Lanka crisis deepens) – Nov 12, 2018

  • Dissolution (noun) – विघटन, तोड़ना
    Meaning – The action of formally ending or dismissing an assembly, partnership, or official body.
    Synonyms – cessation, termination, suspension.
    Sentence – The Prime Minister asked the Queen for a dissolution of Parliament.
  • Negate (verb) – नकारना, इनकार करना
    Meaning – Make ineffective
    Synonyms – nullify, make ineffective, deny, reject.
    Sentence – Alcohol negates the effects of the drug.
  • Desperation (noun) – निराशा, मायूसी
    Meaning – A state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.
    Synonyms – recklessness, riskiness, audacity.
    Sentence – She wrote to him in desperation.
  • Loss of face (phrase) 
    Meaning – humiliation, embarrassment, disgrace, public shame.
  • Roil (verb) – क्रोधित करना, चिढ़ाना
    Meaning – Make (someone) annoyed or irritated.
    Synonyms – make annoyed, make irritated, make disturbed, upset.
    Sentence – Any religious film with violence is bound to roil some people.
  • Facilitate (verb) – सुगम बनाना, आसान कर देना
    Meaning – Make (an action or process) easy or easier.
    Synonyms – enable, make easier, expedite/speed up.
    Sentence – Schools were located in the same campus to facilitate the sharing of resources.
  • Buy time (phrase) 
    Meaning – delay, linger, waste time.
  • Garner (verb) – संचित करना, इकट्ठा करना
    Meaning – Gather or collect (something, especially information or approval)
    Synonyms – gather, collect, accumulate.
    Sentence – The police struggled to garner sufficient evidence.
  • Defection (noun) – भंग, उल्लंघन, कर्तव्य छोड़कर भागना
    Meaning – The desertion of one’s country or cause in favour of an opposing one.
    Synonyms – desertion, absconding, decamping.
    Sentence – His defection from the Labour Party.
  • Untenable (adjective) – अस्थिर, असमर्थनीय 
    Meaning – (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
    Synonyms – unacceptable, unjustifiable, illogical.
    Sentence – This argument is clearly untenable.
  • Stipulate (verb) – शर्त लगाना, प्रतिज्ञा करना
    Meaning – Demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of an agreement.
    Synonyms – specify, lay down, state clearly.
    Sentence – He stipulated certain conditions before their marriage.
  • In the face of (phrase) 
    Meaning – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  • Summon (verb) – बुलाने,  बुलवाना, आह्वान करना
    Meaning – Order (someone) to be present.
    Synonyms – convene, assemble, ask for, demand the presence of.
    Sentence – Police say the student was summoned by a call to his mobile.
  • Prorogue (verb) – अवसान करना, टालना, स्थगित करना
    Meaning – to postpone/terminate a session of a Parliament without dissolving it.
    Synonyms – disband, disestablish, dismiss
    Sentence – The government was hoping to prorogue parliament on 20 November.
  • Enumerate (verb)एक एक करके बताना, गिनवाना, विस्तृत विवरण करना
    Meaning – Mention (a number of things) one by one.
    Synonyms – calculate, compute, count.
    Sentence – There is not space to enumerate all his works.
  • Override (verb) – अवहेलना, कुचल देना, रद्द करना
    Meaning – Use one’s authority to reject or cancel (a decision, view, etc.)
    Synonyms – disallow, overrule, reverse.
    Sentence – The courts will ultimately override any objections.
  • Hold out (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – continue, remain, carry on.
  • Undermine (verb) – कमजोर, क्षीण करना
    Meaning – Erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation)
    Synonyms – weaken, compromise, subvert.
    Sentence – The flow of water had undermined pillars supporting the roof.
  • In the wake of (phrase) 
    Meaning – 
    aftermath, as a result of, as a consequence of.
  • At a crossroads (phrase) 
    Meaning – at a situation when an important decision ought to be made.
  • Consolidation (noun)समेकन, एकत्रीकरण, चकबंदी
    Meaning – The action or process of making something stronger or more solid.
    Synonyms – strengthening, reinforcement, stabilization.
    Sentence – The permanent consolidation of peace.
  • Retreat (noun) – पीछे हटना, मैदान छोड़ना, पलायन
    Meaning – (of an army) withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat.
    Synonyms – do a U-turn, reconsider, run away, make a break for it.
    Sentence – In the summer of 1915 the Russian army retreated on its southwest front.
  • Authoritarianism (noun)अधिनायकवाद
    Meaning – The enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
    Synonyms – 
    autocracy, fascism, totalitarianism, draconianism.
    Sentence – The authoritarianism of the party was not imposed to outlaw trade unions.
  • At hand (phrase) 
    Meaning – 
    imminent, approaching/forthcoming, about to happen.

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Cool it: on labour loss due to heatwave) Vocab – 30 Nov, 2018

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