Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena has dissolved Parliament after it became evident that Mahinda Rajapaksa, who he had appointed Prime Minister two weeks ago, did not enjoy a legislative majority.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The Sri Lanka crisis deepens) – Nov 12, 2018.
Read This Article: – The Sri Lanka crisis deepens
Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The Sri Lanka crisis deepens) – Nov 12, 2018
- Dissolution (noun) – विघटन, तोड़ना
Meaning – The action of formally ending or dismissing an assembly, partnership, or official body.
Synonyms – cessation, termination, suspension.
Sentence – The Prime Minister asked the Queen for a dissolution of Parliament.
- Negate (verb) – नकारना, इनकार करना
Meaning – Make ineffective
Synonyms – nullify, make ineffective, deny, reject.
Sentence – Alcohol negates the effects of the drug.
- Desperation (noun) – निराशा, मायूसी
Meaning – A state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.
Synonyms – recklessness, riskiness, audacity.
Sentence – She wrote to him in desperation.
- Loss of face (phrase)
Meaning – humiliation, embarrassment, disgrace, public shame.
- Roil (verb) – क्रोधित करना, चिढ़ाना
Meaning – Make (someone) annoyed or irritated.
Synonyms – make annoyed, make irritated, make disturbed, upset.
Sentence – Any religious film with violence is bound to roil some people.
- Facilitate (verb) – सुगम बनाना, आसान कर देना
Meaning – Make (an action or process) easy or easier.
Synonyms – enable, make easier, expedite/speed up.
Sentence – Schools were located in the same campus to facilitate the sharing of resources.
- Buy time (phrase)
Meaning – delay, linger, waste time.
- Garner (verb) – संचित करना, इकट्ठा करना
Meaning – Gather or collect (something, especially information or approval)
Synonyms – gather, collect, accumulate.
Sentence – The police struggled to garner sufficient evidence.
- Defection (noun) – भंग, उल्लंघन, कर्तव्य छोड़कर भागना
Meaning – The desertion of one’s country or cause in favour of an opposing one.
Synonyms – desertion, absconding, decamping.
Sentence – His defection from the Labour Party.
- Untenable (adjective) – अस्थिर, असमर्थनीय
Meaning – (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
Synonyms – unacceptable, unjustifiable, illogical.
Sentence – This argument is clearly untenable.
- Stipulate (verb) – शर्त लगाना, प्रतिज्ञा करना
Meaning – Demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of an agreement.
Synonyms – specify, lay down, state clearly.
Sentence – He stipulated certain conditions before their marriage.
- In the face of (phrase)
Meaning – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
- Summon (verb) – बुलाने, बुलवाना, आह्वान करना
Meaning – Order (someone) to be present.
Synonyms – convene, assemble, ask for, demand the presence of.
Sentence – Police say the student was summoned by a call to his mobile.
- Prorogue (verb) – अवसान करना, टालना, स्थगित करना
Meaning – to postpone/terminate a session of a Parliament without dissolving it.
Synonyms – disband, disestablish, dismiss
Sentence – The government was hoping to prorogue parliament on 20 November.
- Enumerate (verb) – एक एक करके बताना, गिनवाना, विस्तृत विवरण करना
Meaning – Mention (a number of things) one by one.
Synonyms – calculate, compute, count.
Sentence – There is not space to enumerate all his works.
- Override (verb) – अवहेलना, कुचल देना, रद्द करना
Meaning – Use one’s authority to reject or cancel (a decision, view, etc.)
Synonyms – disallow, overrule, reverse.
Sentence – The courts will ultimately override any objections.
- Hold out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – continue, remain, carry on.
- Undermine (verb) – कमजोर, क्षीण करना
Meaning – Erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation)
Synonyms – weaken, compromise, subvert.
Sentence – The flow of water had undermined pillars supporting the roof.
- In the wake of (phrase)
Meaning – aftermath, as a result of, as a consequence of.
- At a crossroads (phrase)
Meaning – at a situation when an important decision ought to be made.
- Consolidation (noun) – समेकन, एकत्रीकरण, चकबंदी
Meaning – The action or process of making something stronger or more solid.
Synonyms – strengthening, reinforcement, stabilization.
Sentence – The permanent consolidation of peace.
- Retreat (noun) – पीछे हटना, मैदान छोड़ना, पलायन
Meaning – (of an army) withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat.
Synonyms – do a U-turn, reconsider, run away, make a break for it.
Sentence – In the summer of 1915 the Russian army retreated on its southwest front.
- Authoritarianism (noun) – अधिनायकवाद
Meaning – The enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
Synonyms – autocracy, fascism, totalitarianism, draconianism.
Sentence – The authoritarianism of the party was not imposed to outlaw trade unions.
- At hand (phrase)
Meaning – imminent, approaching/forthcoming, about to happen.
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