Laws seeking to regulate online activity, especially on social media, will have to be tested against two fundamental rights: free speech and privacy. Regulations that abridge these rights tend to operate in both positive and negative ways.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Snooping or saving? on proposed online surveillance) – Dec 28, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Snooping or saving? on proposed online surveillance) – Dec 28, 2018
- Snooping (noun) – जासूसी करना
Meaning – an unauthorized/secret access to another person’s or company’s data.
Sentence – Don’t generate any emails that would make their snooping worthwhile.
- Surveillance (noun) – निगरानी
Meaning – Close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
Synonyms – observation, scrutiny, inspection.
Sentence – Terrorism has to be fought with knowledge, with surveillance and intelligence.
- Legitimate (adjective) – वैध
Meaning – Conforming to the law or to rules.
Synonyms – valid, logical, lawful/authentic.
Sentence – The appellant had no other legitimate purpose for making the claim.
- Abridge (verb) – संक्षेप करना
Meaning – Shorten (a piece of writing) without losing the sense.
Synonyms – curtail; lessen, reduce, decrease.
Sentence – Dharma has plans for a 300-page abridged version of the book.
- Statutory (adjective) – वैधानिक
Meaning – Required, permitted, or enacted by statute.
Synonyms – legitimate, permissible, admissible.
Sentence – Unlike medicine, nursing and osteopathy, there is no statutory regulation of homeopaths.
- Breach (noun) – उल्लंघन
Meaning – An act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.
Synonyms – contravention, violation, infringement.
Sentence – I am talking about gross breaches of code of conduct.
- Suspicion (noun) – संदेह
Meaning – A feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.
Synonyms – speculation, doubt, misgiving (of other people).
Sentence – Is her suspicion that all humans are capable of evil true?
- Evoke (verb) – पुकारना
Meaning – Bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.
Synonyms – invoke, give rise to, bring forth.
Sentence – On seeing the picture, it evoked pleasant memories of times spent at school in the past.
- Intercept (verb) – अवरोधन
Meaning – Obstruct (someone or something) so as to prevent them from continuing to a destination.
Synonyms – obstruct, impede, interrupt/detain.
Sentence – The vehicles were intercepted and stopped by police.
- Furore (or) furor (noun) – उत्तेजना, कोहराम
Meaning – An outbreak of public anger or excitement.
Synonyms – commotion, uproar, outcry/agitation.
Sentence – The whole furore happened when the public hadn’t heard the song.
- Decryption (noun)
Meaning – conversion of encrypted data into its original form is called decryption; translation, interpretation, comprehension/understanding.
Sentence – The security module authorizes these programs for decryption.
- Intermediary (noun) – मध्यस्थ
Meaning – a company that facilitates the use of the Internet/net work services.
Synonyms – go-between, negotiator, intervenor, interceder
Sentence – The fund will raise money from the fees paid by the investment intermediaries.
- Envisage (verb) – परिकल्पना
Meaning – Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.
Synonyms – foresee, predict, forecast.
Sentence – I do not pretend to be able to envisage all the various possibilities.
- Obligation (noun) – कर्तव्य
Meaning – An act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment.
Synonyms – condition, requirement; moral imperative/responsibility.
Sentence – I have an obligation to look after her
- Throw up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – produce something.
- Bank on (phrasal verb)
Meaning – rely on, depend on, count on.
- Encryption (noun)
Meaning – the process of encoding a message or information to protect from unauthorized person.
Sentence – Computer security experts increasingly recommend encryption for protecting stored data.
- By/through the back door (phrase)
Meaning – indirect ways to do something intended.
- Stringent (adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी, कठोर
Meaning – (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Synonyms – strict/stern, severe, tough/rigorous.
Sentence – This is now rare, as there are stringent regulations to limit exposure to such a hazard.
- Curb (verb) – नियंत्रण
Meaning – A check or restraint on something.
Synonyms – control, restrain, contain.
Sentence – Despite the rosy growth forecasts, it has announced strict curbs on the industry.
- Pornography (noun) – कामोद्दीपक चित्र
Meaning – obscene or indecent digital material (movies, pictures, magazines, etc.,) that show or describe sexual matters in order to cause sexual excitement.
Sentence – There’s always a tricky issue when you get into stolen material or pornography.
- Paedophilia (noun) – बाल यौन शोषण
Meaning – sexual attraction to children by adults.
- Foment (verb) – भड़काना
Meaning – Instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action)
Synonyms – instigate, incite/excite, stir up.
Sentence – They could use their combat skills to foment a violent revolution.
- Sectarian (adjective) – सांप्रदायिक
Meaning – denoting a sect (a group of people)
Synonyms – factional, partisan.
Sentence – Well first of all I don’t think of religion at all in sectarian terms.
- Lynch-mob (noun) – बेकायदा प्राणदंड देने वाली भीड़
Meaning – a group of people punishing/killing someone by hanging for claimed offence without legal trail.
Sentence – Democracy is a wonderful thing, but lynch mobs can vote, too.
- Strike a balance (phrase)
Meaning – find a fair & reasonable line of action between two contrasting things.
- Salutary (adjective) – लाभदायक
Meaning – (especially with reference to something unwelcome or unpleasant) producing good effects; beneficial.
Synonyms – beneficial/productive, good, practical.
Sentence – A rise in joblessness could cancel out the strong euro’s salutary effect on consumer spending.
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