The U.S. administration’s decision to grant India and seven other countries waivers on the sanctions it re-imposed on Iran provides some temporary relief to India.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Shape of sanctions: on U.S. waiver on Chabahar port) – Nov 08, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Shape of sanctions) – Nov 08, 2018
- Sanctions (noun) – प्रतिबंध
action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
Synonyms – Penalty, Punishment, Deterrent.
Sentence – The United States had agreed to lift economic sanctions.
- Waiver (noun) – त्याग, छूट-पत्र
Meaning – An act or instance of waiving a right or claim.
Synonyms – renunciation, abandonment, rejection, deferral.
Sentence – Their acquiescence could amount to a waiver.
- Tide over (phrasal verb)
Meaning – sustain, bridge the gap, keep going, see through.
- Facilitate (verb) – सुविधा प्रदान करना
Meaning – Make (an action or process) easy or easier.
Synonyms – Make easier, assist, enable, expedite, speed up, make smooth.
Sentence – Schools were located in the same campus to facilitate the sharing of resources.
- Rhetoric (noun) – वक्रपटुता, भाषण कला
Meaning – The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Synonyms – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole, extravagant language.
Sentence – He is using a common figure of rhetoric, hyperbole.
- Incur (verb) – अपने ऊपर लेना, झेलना
Meaning – Become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behaviour or actions.
Synonyms – suffer, sustain, experience; cause, give rise to.
Sentence – I will pay any expenses incurred.
- Push around (phrasal verb)
Meaning – domineer, boss about, intimidate/threaten.
- Zero out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – reduce to zero, phase out.
- Leeway (noun) – हवा की ओर, स्वतंत्रता, छूट
Meaning – The amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
Synonyms – Freedom, Scope, Flexibility, Latitude.
Sentence – The government had greater leeway to introduce reforms.
- Contingent (adjective) – आकस्मिक, प्रासंगिक
Meaning – Subject to chance.
Synonyms – dependent, conditional; subject to, based on.
Sentence – The contingent nature of the job.
- Fructify (verb) – फलवान होना, उपजाऊ बनाना
Meaning – Make (something) fruitful or productive.
Synonyms – enrich with fertilizer, feed, dung, pollinate.
Sentence – It fructified like vegetation in steamy heat.
- Circumvent (verb) – दरकिनार, धोखा देना
Meaning –Find a way around (an obstacle)
Synonyms – avoid, bypass/sidestep, dodge.
Sentence – it was always possible to circumvent the regulations.
- Stick to (phrasal verb)
Meaning – Adhere to, abide by, keep, hold to.
- Unilateral (adjective) – एकतरफा
Meaning – (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of another or the others.
Sentence – There was no unilateral agreement saying that the G8 countries need to change their trade policies.
- Leverage (noun) – उत्तोलन, शक्ति
Meaning – The exertion of force by means of a lever.
Synonyms – influence, power, authority, dominance.
Sentence – Use a metal bar to increase the leverage.
- Dodge (Verb) – चकमा, धोखा
Meaning – Avoid (someone or something) by a sudden quick movement.
Synonyms – avoid, escape, elude, evade.
Sentence – Marchers had to dodge missiles thrown by loyalists.
- Figurative (adjective) – आलंकारिक, औपचारिक
Meaning – Departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.
Synonyms – Metaphorical, symbolic, representative.
Sentence – The downstream effect in this case is both literal and figurative.
- Outpace (verb) – आगे बढ़ना, पीछे छोड़ना
Meaning –Go, rise, or improve faster than.
Synonyms – surpass, outshine, go faster than.
Sentence – Current and capital accounts are in surplus and Asia’s growth is outpacing the rest of the world, it said.
- Foreseeable (adjective) – निकट
Meaning – Able to be foreseen or predicted.
Synonyms – expected, predictable, inevitable.
Sentence – It will not last forever but it may exist for the foreseeable future.
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