The Hindu Editorial (Shape of sanctions) Vocab – 08 Nov, 2018

The U.S. administration’s decision to grant India and seven other countries waivers on the sanctions it re-imposed on Iran provides some temporary relief to India.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Shape of sanctions: on U.S. waiver on Chabahar port) – Nov 08, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Shape of sanctions) – Nov 08, 2018

  • Sanctions (noun) – प्रतिबंध
    action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).

    Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
    Synonyms – Penalty, Punishment, Deterrent.
    Sentence – The United States had agreed to lift economic sanctions.
  • Waiver (noun)त्याग, छूट-पत्र
    Meaning – An act or instance of waiving a right or claim.
    Synonyms – renunciation, abandonment, rejection, deferral.
    Sentence – Their acquiescence could amount to a waiver.
  • Tide over (phrasal verb) 
    Meaning – sustain, bridge the gap, keep going, see through.
  • Facilitate (verb) – सुविधा प्रदान करना 
    Meaning – Make (an action or process) easy or easier.
    Synonyms – Make easier, assist, enable, expedite, speed up, make smooth.
    Sentence – Schools were located in the same campus to facilitate the sharing of resources.
  • Rhetoric (noun) – वक्रपटुता, भाषण कला
    Meaning – The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
    Synonyms – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole, extravagant language.

    Sentence – He is using a common figure of rhetoric, hyperbole.
  • Incur (verb) – अपने ऊपर लेना, झेलना
    Meaning – Become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behaviour or actions.
    Synonyms – suffer, sustain, experience; cause, give rise to.

    Sentence – I will pay any expenses incurred.
  • Push around (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – domineer, boss about, intimidate/threaten.
  • Zero out (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – reduce to zero, phase out.
  • Leeway (noun) – हवा की ओर, स्वतंत्रता, छूट
    Meaning – The amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
    Synonyms – Freedom, Scope, Flexibility, Latitude.

    Sentence – The government had greater leeway to introduce reforms.
  • Contingent  (adjective) – आकस्मिक, प्रासंगिक
    Meaning – Subject to chance.
    Synonyms – dependent, conditional; subject to, based on.

    Sentence – The contingent nature of the job.
  • Fructify (verb) – फलवान होना, उपजाऊ बनाना
    Meaning – Make (something) fruitful or productive.
    Synonyms – enrich with fertilizer, feed, dung, pollinate.

    Sentence – It fructified like vegetation in steamy heat.
  • Circumvent (verb) – दरकिनार, धोखा देना
    Meaning –
    Find a way around (an obstacle)
    Synonyms – avoid, bypass/sidestep, dodge.

    Sentence – it was always possible to circumvent the regulations.
  • Stick to (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – Adhere to, abide by, keep, hold to.
  • Unilateral (adjective)एकतरफा
    Meaning – (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of another or the others.
    Sentence – There was no unilateral agreement saying that the G8 countries need to change their trade policies.
  • Leverage (noun) – उत्तोलन, शक्ति
    Meaning – The exertion of force by means of a lever.
    Synonyms – influence, power, authority, dominance.
    Sentence – Use a metal bar to increase the leverage.
  • Dodge (Verb) – चकमा, धोखा
    Meaning – Avoid (someone or something) by a sudden quick movement.
    Synonyms – avoid, escape, elude, evade.
    Sentence – Marchers had to dodge missiles thrown by loyalists.
  • Figurative (adjective) – आलंकारिक, औपचारिक
    Meaning – Departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.
    Synonyms – Metaphorical, symbolic, representative.

    Sentence – The downstream effect in this case is both literal and figurative.
  • Outpace (verb) – आगे बढ़ना, पीछे छोड़ना
    Meaning –
    Go, rise, or improve faster than.
    Synonyms – surpass, outshine, go faster than.

    Sentence – Current and capital accounts are in surplus and Asia’s growth is outpacing the rest of the world, it said.
  • Foreseeable (adjective) – निकट
    Meaning – Able to be foreseen or predicted.
    Synonyms – expected, predictable, inevitable.

    Sentence – It will not last forever but it may exist for the foreseeable future.

Courtesy: 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (Maldivian Reprieve) Vocab – 20 Nov, 2018

Note – 

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