The Hindu Editorial (Mob Rule) Vocab – 05 Nov, 2018

The Pakistan Supreme Court’s judgment acquitting Asia Bibi, a Christian woman on death row for blasphemy, was an opportunity for the government to start debating the need to reform the regressive blasphemy laws.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Mob Rule: on Asia Bibi blasphemy case) – Nov 05, 2018.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Mob Rule: on Asia Bibi blasphemy case)  – Nov 05, 2018

  • Blasphemy (noun)ईश्वर-निंदा
    Meaning – The action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things.
    Synonyms – Profanity, irreligiousness, ungodliness, swearing, unholiness.
    Sentence – 
    He was screaming incomprehensible blasphemies.
  • Empower (verb) – सशक्त, अधिकार देना
    Meaning – Give (someone) the authority or power to do something.
    Synonyms – authorize, allow, entitle.
    Sentence – 
    Members are empowered to audit the accounts of limited companies.
  • Extremist (noun)अतिवादी, उग्रवादी
    Meaning – A person who is with extreme political or religious views and supports violent actions.

    Synonyms – fanatic, radical, fundamentalist.
    Sentence – Which extremist broadcaster aired these messages of death to the nation?
  • Capitulate (verb) – शर्त पर हथियार डाल देना
    Meaning – Cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand.
    Synonyms – surrender, give in, yield, submit, admit defeat
    Sentence – How many countries would capitulate to the overwhelming demands of the document?
  • Acquittal (noun)दोषमुक्ति, रिहाई
    Meaning – A judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.

    Synonyms – declaration of innocence, clearing/discharge/release, absolution.
    Sentence – The trial resulted in an acquittal.
  • Regressive (adjective)प्रतिगामी, लौटने वाला, वापस आने वाला
    Meaning – Returning to a former or less developed state.
    Synonyms – negative, unprogressive, retrograde.
    Sentence – Regressive aspects of recent local government reform.
  • Reversal (noun)उलट, परिवर्तन
    Meaning – A change to an opposite direction.

    Synonyms – repeal, cancellation, invalidation.
    Sentence – The data therefore chronicle a dramatic reversal in the direction of invasion.
  • Firebrand (noun)तेजतर्रार
    Meaning – A person who is very passionate about a particular cause.
    Synonyms – radical, abble-rouser, agitator, revolutionary, instigator.
    Sentence – A political firebrand.
  • Cleric (noun)पुरोहित
    Meaning – A priest or religious leader (especially a Christian or Muslim one.)
    Sentence – A Muslim cleric and additional copies of the Koran are coming in soon.
  • Strike a deal (phrase)
    Meaning – to come to an agreement.
  • Oath (noun) – शपथ
    Meaning – A solemn promise.
    Synonyms – vow, sworn statement, promise.
    Sentence – they took an oath of allegiance to the king.
  • Erode (verb)नष्ट करना, खा जाना
    Meaning – (of wind, water, or other natural agents) gradually wear away.
    Synonyms – (gradually) deteriorate, destroy, spoil.
    Sentence – Recent rains likely eroded the topsoil away to a level below the crown.
  • Bloodshed (noun)वध, रक्तपात
    Meaning – The killing or wounding of people
    Synonyms – killing, carnage, massacre.
    Sentence – After all, life is all about sharing and caring and not violence and bloodshed.
  • Persecute (verb) – सताना, कष्ट देना
    Meaning – Subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment.

    Synonyms – victimize, punish, mistreat, oppress.
    Sentence – Both of them were persecuted relentlessly for their beliefs.
  • Outspoken (adjective) – मुखर, प्रकट किया हुआ, स्पष्टवादी
    Meaning – Frank in stating one’s opinions.

    Synonyms – forthright, direct, candid/frank.
    Sentence – He has been outspoken in his criticism.
  • Secular (adjective) – धर्म निरपेक्ष
    Meaning – Not connected with religious or spiritual matters.

    Synonyms – non-religious, worldly.
    Sentence – Secular attitudes to death.
  • Assassinate (verb) – हत्या
    Meaning – Murder (an important person) for political or religious reasons.

    Synonyms – murder, kill, execute.
    Sentence – Absolutely none of which is a reason to assassinate anyone.
  • Disservice (noun) – अपकार, क्षति, नुक़सान
    Meaning – A harmful action.
    Synonyms – disfavour, harmful act, injustice.
    Sentence – At one point I tried it as under score, but it felt like a disservice to the song.
  • Embolden (verb) – प्रोत्साहित करना
    Meaning – 
    Give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.
    Synonyms – give courage, strengthen, encourage, motivate.
    Sentence – It emboldens you to do things you wouldn’t do on your own.

Courtesy: 

Read Also ...  The Hindu Editorial (For honour’s sake) Vocab – 28 Jan, 2019

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