The Pakistan Supreme Court’s judgment acquitting Asia Bibi, a Christian woman on death row for blasphemy, was an opportunity for the government to start debating the need to reform the regressive blasphemy laws.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Mob Rule: on Asia Bibi blasphemy case) – Nov 05, 2018.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Mob Rule: on Asia Bibi blasphemy case) – Nov 05, 2018
- Blasphemy (noun) – ईश्वर-निंदा
Meaning – The action or offence of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things.
Synonyms – Profanity, irreligiousness, ungodliness, swearing, unholiness.
Sentence – He was screaming incomprehensible blasphemies.
- Empower (verb) – सशक्त, अधिकार देना
Meaning – Give (someone) the authority or power to do something.
Synonyms – authorize, allow, entitle.
Sentence – Members are empowered to audit the accounts of limited companies.
- Extremist (noun) – अतिवादी, उग्रवादी
Meaning – A person who is with extreme political or religious views and supports violent actions.
Synonyms – fanatic, radical, fundamentalist.
Sentence – Which extremist broadcaster aired these messages of death to the nation?
- Capitulate (verb) – शर्त पर हथियार डाल देना
Meaning – Cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand.
Synonyms – surrender, give in, yield, submit, admit defeat
Sentence – How many countries would capitulate to the overwhelming demands of the document?
- Acquittal (noun) – दोषमुक्ति, रिहाई
Meaning – A judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
Synonyms – declaration of innocence, clearing/discharge/release, absolution.
Sentence – The trial resulted in an acquittal.
- Regressive (adjective) – प्रतिगामी, लौटने वाला, वापस आने वाला
Meaning – Returning to a former or less developed state.
Synonyms – negative, unprogressive, retrograde.
Sentence – Regressive aspects of recent local government reform.
- Reversal (noun) – उलट, परिवर्तन
Meaning – A change to an opposite direction.
Synonyms – repeal, cancellation, invalidation.
Sentence – The data therefore chronicle a dramatic reversal in the direction of invasion.
- Firebrand (noun) – तेजतर्रार
Meaning – A person who is very passionate about a particular cause.
Synonyms – radical, abble-rouser, agitator, revolutionary, instigator.
Sentence – A political firebrand.
- Cleric (noun) – पुरोहित
Meaning – A priest or religious leader (especially a Christian or Muslim one.)
Sentence – A Muslim cleric and additional copies of the Koran are coming in soon.
- Strike a deal (phrase)
Meaning – to come to an agreement.
- Oath (noun) – शपथ
Meaning – A solemn promise.
Synonyms – vow, sworn statement, promise.
Sentence – they took an oath of allegiance to the king.
- Erode (verb) – नष्ट करना, खा जाना
Meaning – (of wind, water, or other natural agents) gradually wear away.
Synonyms – (gradually) deteriorate, destroy, spoil.
Sentence – Recent rains likely eroded the topsoil away to a level below the crown.
- Bloodshed (noun) – वध, रक्तपात
Meaning – The killing or wounding of people
Synonyms – killing, carnage, massacre.
Sentence – After all, life is all about sharing and caring and not violence and bloodshed.
- Persecute (verb) – सताना, कष्ट देना
Meaning – Subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment.
Synonyms – victimize, punish, mistreat, oppress.
Sentence – Both of them were persecuted relentlessly for their beliefs.
- Outspoken (adjective) – मुखर, प्रकट किया हुआ, स्पष्टवादी
Meaning – Frank in stating one’s opinions.
Synonyms – forthright, direct, candid/frank.
Sentence – He has been outspoken in his criticism.
- Secular (adjective) – धर्म निरपेक्ष
Meaning – Not connected with religious or spiritual matters.
Synonyms – non-religious, worldly.
Sentence – Secular attitudes to death.
- Assassinate (verb) – हत्या
Meaning – Murder (an important person) for political or religious reasons.
Synonyms – murder, kill, execute.
Sentence – Absolutely none of which is a reason to assassinate anyone.
- Disservice (noun) – अपकार, क्षति, नुक़सान
Meaning – A harmful action.
Synonyms – disfavour, harmful act, injustice.
Sentence – At one point I tried it as under score, but it felt like a disservice to the song.
- Embolden (verb) – प्रोत्साहित करना
Meaning – Give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.
Synonyms – give courage, strengthen, encourage, motivate.
Sentence – It emboldens you to do things you wouldn’t do on your own.
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