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The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary

The Hindu Editorial (Knockout blows: On the cricket World Cup entering its business end) Vocab – 14 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Knockout blows: On the cricket World Cup entering its business end) of 14th November 2023. 

The cricket World Cup finally enters its business end, having criss-crossed India since the first match involving England and New Zealand at Ahmedabad on October 5. In their backyard, Rohit Sharma’s men have exuded a dominant aura, brushing aside opposition units, be it the fancied ones or the emerging outfits.

Read This Article: – (Knockout blows: On the cricket World Cup entering its business end)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Knockout blows: On the cricket World Cup entering its business end) – November 14, 2023

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Women in red: On an optimum menstrual hygiene policy) – November 14, 2023.

Knockout (noun) – बाहर कर देना
Meaning – 
A sudden and overwhelming defeat or victory, often in sports.
Synonyms – 
Knockdown, punch, blow, striking, hit.
Antonyms –
Defeat, loss, setback, failure.
Sentence –
 The boxer delivered a powerful knockout punch in the final round, securing his victory.

Criss-crossed (verb) – आर-पार, आपस में उलझा हुआ
Meaning –
 To move or be arranged in a pattern that forms a series of crossing lines.
Synonyms –
 Interweaved, intertwined, interlaced, crossed, intersected.
Antonyms –
 Straight, parallel, unentangled.
Sentence – 
The streets criss-crossed the city, creating a network of pathways.

Involving (verb) – शामिल करना, सम्मिलित करना
Meaning –
 Including or comprising as a necessary part or result.
Synonyms –
Including, encompassing, incorporating, comprising, containing.
Antonyms –
Excluding, omitting, eliminating.
Sentence –
 The project has several tasks involving different teams and departments.

Exuded (verb) – प्रकट करना, छोड़ना
Meaning –
 To discharge, release, or emit a substance, often slowly and steadily.
Synonyms –
Emit, release, ooze, discharge, secrete, give off.
Antonyms –
Absorb, withhold, contain.
Sentence –
 The flowers exuded a sweet fragrance that filled the entire garden.

Dominant (adjective) – प्रमुख, प्रधान, अधिपति
Meaning –
 Exercising control or influence over others; having authority or commanding power.
Synonyms –
Authoritative, commanding, ruling, controlling, powerful.
Antonyms –
Submissive, subordinate, subservient.
Sentence –
 The dominant leader made all the major decisions in the organisation.

Aura (noun) – आत्मा, वातावरण, परिसर
Meaning – 
A distinctive atmosphere or quality that seems to surround and be generated by a person, place, or thing.
Synonyms –
Ambiance, atmosphere, air, vibe, feel, character.
Antonyms
Dullness, blandness, flatness. 
Sentence –
 The ancient castle had an eerie aura, making visitors feel a sense of mystery and history.

Aside (adverb) – एक ओर, अलग, छोड़कर
Meaning –
 To or on one side; at a little distance.
Synonyms –
Apart, away, to the side, separately.
Antonyms –
Together, alongside, near.
Sentence –
 She stepped aside to let the others pass.

Fancied (adjective) काल्पनिक
Meaning –
 Imagined or believed to be true, often without sufficient evidence; fanciful.
Synonyms –
Imaginary, unreal, fictional, imagined, supposed, assumed, dreamed.
Antonyms –
Real, factual, actual.
Sentence
She wore her fancied jewelry to the special occasion.

Trot (verb) – धीमा दौड़
Meaning –
 To move or run at a brisk, steady pace.
Synonyms –
Run, jog, lope, canter, pace.
Antonyms –
Walk slowly, stroll, saunter.
Sentence –
 The horse began to trot as soon as the rider urged it forward.

Elan (noun) – उत्साह, उत्साहितता, उत्कृष्टता
Meaning –
 Energy, style, and enthusiasm in one’s approach or performance.
Synonyms –
Enthusiasm, vigor, verve, zest, spirit, dynamism, vitality.
Antonyms –
Apathy, lethargy, indifference.
Sentence –
 She danced with elan, captivating the audience with her energy and grace.

Zest (noun) उत्साह, रुचि, रस, ताजगी
Meaning –
 Great enthusiasm, energy, and excitement.
Synonyms –
Enthusiasm, eagerness, excitement, gusto, passion, fervor.
Antonyms –
Apathy, indifference, lethargy, disinterest.
Sentence
She approached her work with great zest, always ready to take on new challenges.

Tryst (noun) – मिलन, समर्थन
Meaning –
 A secret meeting or rendezvous, especially between lovers.
Synonyms –
Rendezvous, meeting, assignation, appointment, date.
Antonyms –
Public meeting, confrontation, open encounter.
Sentence –
 The couple had a tryst by the moonlit lake, away from prying eyes.

Glory (noun) – यश, शौर्य, कीर्ति, प्रशंसा, गौरव
Meaning –
 High renown or honor won by notable achievements.
Synonyms –
Fame, honor, prestige, renown, distinction, exaltation.
Antonyms –
Shame, disgrace, dishonor, obscurity.
Sentence
The athlete basked in the glory of winning the gold medal at the Olympics.

Hurdle (noun) – कठिनाई, अवरोध, प्रतिबंध
Meaning –
 A barrier or obstacle, especially one that must be jumped over in a race.
Synonyms –
Obstacle, barrier, impediment, obstruction, hindrance.
Antonyms –
Clear path, open route, facilitation.
Sentence –
 The athletes trained hard to overcome each hurdle on the track.

Wilted (verb) – मुरझाना, कमजोर
Meaning –
 To become limp or drooping, especially as a result of heat, lack of water, or disease.
Synonyms –
Droop, sag, wither, fade, languish, collapse.
Antonyms –
Perk up, revive, flourish, thrive.
Sentence –
 The flowers in the garden wilted under the scorching sun.

Doughty (adjective) – साहसी, वीर
Meaning –
 Brave, valiant, courageous, and determined.
Synonyms –
Valiant, courageous, brave, fearless, intrepid, stalwart, resolute, dauntless.
Antonyms –
Cowardly, timid, fearful, spineless, faint-hearted.
Sentence –
 The knight displayed doughty courage on the battlefield, facing his enemies with unwavering determination.

Clutter (noun) कचरा, अव्यवस्था
Meaning –
 A collection of disorganized and untidy things.
Synonyms –
Disorder, mess, jumble, confusion, chaos, disarray.
Antonyms –
Order, organization, tidiness, neatness, arrangement.
Sentence –
 The room was filled with clutter, making it difficult to find anything.

Prolific (adjective) – उपजाऊ, फलदार
Meaning –
 Producing a large quantity of something, especially offspring or fruit.
Synonyms –
Fertile, fruitful, productive, prolific, generative, fecund.
Antonyms –
Barren, unproductive, infertile.
Sentence
The apple tree in their backyard is prolific, yielding a bountiful harvest every year.

Pitfalls (noun) खतरा, खड़ी कठिनाई, फंदे, जोखिम
Meaning –
 Hidden or unexpected dangers or difficulties that can cause problems.
Synonyms –
Hazards, risks, dangers, traps, difficulties, obstacles, challenges.
Antonyms –
Safeguards, protections, advantages, benefits.
Sentence –
 The project has many potential pitfalls that need to be carefully addressed.

Ominous (adjective) – अशुभ, अमंगल
Meaning –
 Giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen; threatening; inauspicious.
Synonyms –
Menacing, threatening, foreboding, sinister, dark, forbidding, portentous.
Antonyms –
Promising, hopeful, propitious, auspicious.
Sentence –
 The dark clouds and eerie silence in the haunted house created an ominous atmosphere.

Triumph (noun) – विजय, कामयाबी, जीत
Meaning –
 A great victory or achievement.
Synonyms –
Victory, success, achievement, accomplishment, conquest.
Antonyms –
Defeat, failure, loss.
Sentence –
 The team’s triumph in the championship was celebrated with a grand parade.

Redemption (noun) – मुक्ति, पुनर्निर्माण, पुनः पापमुक्ति, छुटकारा
Meaning –
 The action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil.
Synonyms –
Salvation, deliverance, absolution, forgiveness, atonement.
Antonyms –
Condemnation, damnation.
Sentence –
 The concept of redemption is central to many religious beliefs, offering a path to forgiveness and salvation.

Fragility (adjective) – कमजोरी
Meaning –
 The quality of being fragile, delicate, or easily broken or damaged; the state of being vulnerable or weak.
Synonyms –
Brittleness, delicacy, frailty, vulnerability, weakness, breakability, instability.
Antonyms –
Strength, robustness, resilience, toughness.
Sentence –
 The fragility of the antique vase made the owner handle it with extreme care.

Flux (noun) – परिस्थिति, प्रवाह, अपस्थिति, परिचालन, अस्थिति
Meaning – 
Continuous change or movement, especially in a dynamic or unstable situation.
Synonyms –
Change, fluctuation, variation, instability, transition.
Antonyms –
Stability, constancy, permanence.
Sentence –
 The blacksmith used flux to aid in the melting of the metal.

Flourished (verb) – फलना, विकसित होना, उन्नत होना
Meaning –
 To grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way.
Synonyms –
Thrive, prosper, bloom, blossom, grow, develop.
Antonyms –
Wither, decline, deteriorate.
Sentence –
 The garden flourished with colorful flowers and lush greenery.

Pugnacious (adjective) –  झगड़ालू, युद्धरत, लड़ाका
Meaning – 
Inclined to quarrel or fight; combative; belligerent.
Synonyms –
Aggressive, combative, quarrelsome, bellicose, contentious, militant.
Antonyms –
Peaceful, amicable, pacific, nonaggressive.
Sentence –
 The boxer had a pugnacious attitude in and out of the ring, always ready for a fight.

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Women in red: On an optimum menstrual hygiene policy) Vocab – 10 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Women in red: On an optimum menstrual hygiene policy) of 10th November 2023. 

Only in an ‘unseeing’ world would the judiciary need to set the government a deadline to do the obvious. The Supreme Court of India gave the Centre four weeks to finalise an optimum menstrual hygiene policy with focus on the distribution of sanitary napkins.

Read This Article: – (Women in red: On an optimum menstrual hygiene policy)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Women in red: On an optimum menstrual hygiene policy) – November 10, 2023

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Women in red: On an optimum menstrual hygiene policy) – November 10, 2023.

Optimum (adjective) –  श्रेष्ठ, उच्चतम, सर्वोत्तम
Meaning –
 Describing the most efficient or beneficial level of something.
Synonyms –
 Most efficient, most favorable, best, ideal.
Antonyms –
Inefficient, suboptimal, less than ideal.
Sentence –
 The athlete adjusted his training regimen to achieve optimum performance during the competition.

Menstrual (adjective) – मासिक, स्रियों का मासिक धर्म
Meaning –
 Relating to or associated with menstruation, the monthly discharge of blood and other materials from the lining of the uterus in females.
Synonyms –
 Monthly, menstrual, period-related, menses.
Sentence –
 Women experience menstrual cycles as a natural part of their reproductive health.

Hygiene (noun) – स्वच्छता
Meaning –
 Conditions or practices conducive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.
Synonyms –
 Cleanliness, sanitation, health practices, healthiness, cleanliness standards.
Antonyms –
Unhygienic conditions, filthiness, unsanitary conditions.
Sentence –
 Good personal hygiene, such as regular handwashing, is essential for preventing the spread of infections.

Unseeing (adjective) – अंधा, दृष्टिहीन
Meaning –
 Not perceiving or understanding, oblivious.
Synonyms –
 Unaware, ignorant, oblivious, heedless, unconscious.
Antonyms –
Aware, conscious, perceptive, observant.
Sentence –
 He walked through the crowd unseeing, lost in his thoughts.

Obvious (adjective) – ज़ाहिर, स्वभावी
Meaning –
 Easily perceived or understood; clear, evident, or apparent.
Synonyms –
 Clear, apparent, evident, plain, unmistakable, manifest, transparent, self-evident, noticeable, palpable, glaring.
Antonyms –
Hidden, obscure, ambiguous, unclear, uncertain, vague, elusive, concealed.
Sentence –
 The solution to the problem was obvious once the correct information was available.

Distribution (noun) वितरण, बाँटना, प्रसार, वितारण
Meaning –
 The action or process of sharing, delivering, or supplying goods to various locations or recipients.
Synonyms –
 Dissemination, allocation, apportionment, dispersion, circulation.
Antonyms –
Collection, concentration, hoarding.
Sentence –
 The distribution of relief supplies to the affected areas was efficiently coordinated.

Sanitary (adjective) – स्वास्थ्य या हाथ-मुँह धोने संबंधित, सफाई से संबंधित
Meaning –
 Related to health or conditions promoting health; pertaining to cleanliness and hygiene.
Synonyms –
 Hygienic, clean, healthful, wholesome, sterile, disinfected.
Antonyms –
Unsanitary, unclean, dirty, unhealthy.
Sentence –
 It is essential to maintain sanitary conditions in the kitchen to prevent foodborne illnesses.

Aided (noun) – सहारा देना, सहयोग करना, समर्थन करना
Meaning –
 To provide assistance, support, or help.
Synonyms –
 Assist, support, help, lend a hand, back, facilitate, encourage.
Antonyms –
Hinder, obstruct, impede, hinder, discourage, thwart.
Sentence –
 The local community aided the flood victims by providing food and shelter.

Residential (adjective) – आवासीय, निवासी
Meaning –
 Relating to or suitable for residence.
Synonyms –
 Domestic, domiciliary, habitation, living, home.
Antonyms –
Commercial, industrial, non-residential.
Sentence –
 The area has a mix of commercial and residential buildings.

Demographic (adjective) – जनसांख्यिकीय, लोगतात्त्विक
Meaning –
 Relating to the structure of populations or specific groups within a population, especially with regard to age, gender, income, education, etc.
Synonyms –
 Population-related, statistical, census, sociological.
Antonyms –
Non-population, non-statistical.
Sentence –
 The company conducted a demographic study to understand the age and income distribution of its target market.

Substantial (adjective) – संतोषजनक, महत्त्वपूर्ण
Meaning –
 Of considerable importance, size, or worth.
Synonyms –
 Significant, considerable, important, sizable, considerable, substantial.
Antonyms –
Insignificant, trivial, minor.
Sentence –
 The company experienced substantial growth in its profits over the last year.

Advancements (noun) –  प्रगति, उन्नति, विकास
Meaning –
 The process of making progress, moving forward, or improving.
Synonyms –
 Progress, development, improvement, progress, growth, evolution, enhancement.
Antonyms –
Stagnation, regression, decline, setback.
Sentence –
 The advancements in medical technology have greatly improved patient care.

Urbanisation (noun) – शहरीकरण, नगरीकरण
Meaning –
 The process of population concentration into urban areas, often accompanied by the transformation of rural areas into urban ones. It involves the growth and expansion of cities and towns.
Synonyms –
urban development, city growth, metropolitanisation.
Antonyms –
Ruralisation, deurbanisation, countryside development.
Sentence –
 The rapid urbanisation of the region led to increased demand for infrastructure and services.

Affordability (noun) – सामर्थ्य, मुआवजेदारी
Meaning –
 The quality of being affordable, meaning that something is reasonably priced or within one’s financial means.
Synonyms –
 Cost-effectiveness, inexpensiveness, reasonableness, budget-friendliness, economic feasibility.
Antonyms –
Expensiveness, unaffordability, high cost, extravagance.
Sentence –
 The government is working on policies to improve the affordability of healthcare services for the general public.

Hurdles (noun) कठिनाईयाँ, अड़चनें
Meaning –
 Obstacles or difficulties that need to be overcome, often in the pursuit of a goal.
Synonyms –
 Obstacles, challenges, difficulties, barriers, impediments, setbacks.
Antonyms –
Facilitators, aids, assistance, support.
Sentence –
 Despite facing numerous hurdles, she persevered and achieved her career goals.

Swathe (noun) – बंधना, लपेटना
Meaning –
 To wrap or bind with layers of fabric or other material.
Synonyms –
 Wrap, bind, envelop, encase, cover, drape.
Antonyms –
Uncover, unwrap, release.
Sentence –
 The artist swathed the statue in a cloth to protect it during transportation.

Evidence (noun) साक्षात्कार, प्रमाण, सबूत
Meaning –
 The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.
Synonyms –
 Proof, confirmation, verification, validation, attestation.
Antonyms –
Disproof, contradiction, refutation.
Sentence –
 The fingerprints on the weapon were crucial evidence in solving the crime.

Apodictic (adjective) – स्पष्ट, निर्विवाद
Meaning –
 Clearly established or beyond dispute; self-evident.
Synonyms –
 Undeniable, indisputable, unquestionable, incontrovertible, certain.
Antonyms –
Controversial, debatable, disputable, questionable.
Sentence –
 The mathematical theorem was presented in an apodictic manner, leaving no room for doubt.

Revealed (verb) प्रकट किया गया, खुलासा किया गया
Meaning –
 Made known or disclosed something that was previously hidden, secret, or unknown.
Synonyms –
 Disclosed, uncovered, unveiled, exposed, displayed, demonstrated.
Antonyms –
Concealed, hidden, covered, secret.
Sentence –
 The investigation revealed new evidence that changed the course of the trial.

Irrefutable (adjective) – अखंडित, निर्वादी
Meaning –
 Impossible to deny or disprove; indisputable, beyond argument.
Synonyms –
Incontestable, undeniable, indisputable, incontrovertible, unassailable
Antonyms –
 Contestable, disputable, doubtful, questionable, debatable
Sentence –
 The evidence presented in court was so strong and compelling that it was irrefutable, leaving no room for doubt.

Stigma (noun) कलंक, अपमान
Meaning –
 A mark of disgrace or infamy; a stain or reproach on one’s reputation.
Synonyms –
 Disgrace, shame, dishonor, reproach, blemish, blot.
Antonyms –
Honor, respect, approval, commendation.
Sentence –
 The unjust accusation left a lasting stigma on his professional reputation.

Patchy (adjective) – विचित्र, असमग्र
Meaning –
 Not consistent or uniform; characterised by irregular or uneven quality.
Synonyms –
 Irregular, uneven, inconsistent, sporadic, fragmented, scattered.
Antonyms –
Consistent, uniform, even, regular.
Sentence –
 The weather forecast predicted patchy rain throughout the day.

Reeks (noun) दुर्गंध, बदबू, गंध
Meaning –
 A strong, unpleasant odor or smell, especially one that is lingering or offensive.
Synonyms –
 Stench, odor, smell, aroma, foulness, funk, fragrance.
Antonyms –
Fragrance, aroma, perfume.
Sentence –
 The garbage bin emitted a reek that could be smelled from a considerable distance.

Crucial (adjective) महत्वपूर्ण, निर्णायक, अनिवार्य
Meaning –
 Extremely important or necessary, often at a critical point.
Synonyms –
 Critical, vital, essential, important, pivotal, decisive, significant.
Antonyms –
Insignificant, unimportant, trivial, minor, inconsequential.
Sentence
– The negotiations reached a crucial stage where key decisions had to be made.

Cater (verb) – पूर्ण करना, आहार प्रदान करना
Meaning –
 To provide food and service, typically for an event or gathering.
Synonyms –
 Provide, supply, furnish, offer, serve.
Antonyms –
Withhold, deprive, refuse.
Sentence
– The catering company was hired to cater the wedding reception.

Sequelae (noun) – अगली कड़ी, अनुवर्तन
Meaning –
 The aftereffects or consequences of a disease, injury, or medical treatment, especially when persisting after the acute phase has resolved.
Synonyms –
 Consequences, aftermath, repercussions, effects, outcomes, results.
Antonyms –
Preceding conditions, antecedents, causes.
Sentence –
 The patient experienced neurological sequelae following the head injury.

Cognise (verb) – जानना, पहचानना, सचेत होना
Meaning –
 To become aware of something; to perceive or recognise.
Synonyms –
 Perceive, recognize, realize, understand, discern.
Antonyms –
Ignore, overlook, neglect.
Sentence –
 The witness was able to cognize the suspect’s face and provided a detailed description to the police.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Closer together: On the India-Bhutan talks and the plans ahead) Vocab – 08 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Closer together: On the India-Bhutan talks and the plans ahead) of 8th November 2023. 

The decision by India and Bhutan to focus on infrastructure and connectivity during talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bhutan’s fifth King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is an important marker towards more bilaterally driven regional initiatives.

Read This Article: – (Closer together: On the India-Bhutan talks and the plans ahead)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Closer together: On the India-Bhutan talks and the plans ahead) – November 08, 2023.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Closer together: On the India-Bhutan talks and the plans ahead) – November 08, 2023

 

Connectivity (noun) – संयोजकता, जुड़ाव
Meaning –
 The state or quality of being connected or the extent to which different elements or systems are linked together.
Synonyms –
 Linkage, association, interconnection, interrelation, integration.
Antonyms – 
Disconnection, isolation, separation, detachment.

Sentence – We first consider the vertical connectivity of the double extension.

Bilaterally (adverb) – द्विपक्षीय रूप से, दोनों पक्षों के बीच
Meaning –
 in a way that involves two groups or countries
Synonyms –
 Mutually, reciprocally, on both sides, two-sided, from both perspectives.
Antonyms –
 Unilaterally, one-sided, singly.
Sentence – 
The two countries agreed to bilaterally address their trade issues through negotiations.

Initiatives (noun) – पहल, प्रयास, प्रारंभिक कदम
Meaning –
 An introductory step or action taken to begin a process, project, or activity.
Synonyms – Effort, endeavor, action, drive, undertaking, project, scheme.
Antonyms –
 Inaction, passivity, apathy, lethargy, inactivity.
Sentence
– The government introduced several new initiatives to promote small businesses.

Facilitating (verb) – सुविधा प्रदान करना
Meaning –
 The act of making a process or task easier or more convenient by providing assistance or support.
Synonyms –
 Assisting, aiding, helping, supporting, simplifying, easing, enabling.
Antonyms –
 Hindering, obstructing, impeding, complicating.
Sentence –
 The new software is designed to facilitate data entry and analysis.

Foretell (verb) पहले से कह देना, पूर्वानुमान, भविष्यद्वाणी करना
Meaning –
 To predict or forecast a future event or outcome, often based on signs, knowledge, or intuition.
Synonyms Predict, forecast, prophesy, foresee, anticipate, foretell, predict.
Antonyms –
 Retrodict, recount.
Sentence –
 The ancient seer was known for his ability to foretell the fate of individuals.

Dzongkhags (noun) जोंगखाग (भूटान में प्रशासनिक जिले)
Meaning –
 Dzongkhags are administrative districts or regions in the Kingdom of Bhutan, each of which is headed by a district officer or dzongdag. These districts are important administrative units in the governance of Bhutan.
Synonyms Districts, regions, administrative divisions, provinces.
Sentence –
 Bhutan is divided into 20 Dzongkhags, each of which is responsible for local governance and administration.

Particularly (adverb) – विशेष रूप से, खासकर
Meaning –
 Especially, in a special or specific manner.
Synonyms –
 Especially, specifically, notably, particularly, specially, expressly, uniquely.
Antonyms –
 Generally, ordinarily, typically, commonly, broadly.
Sentence –
 She loved all types of music, particularly classical and jazz.

Pandemic (adjective) – विश्वव्यापी, महामारी
Meaning –
 Relating to a widespread outbreak of a disease affecting a large region, continent, or even the world.
Synonyms Global, worldwide, international, all-encompassing.
Antonyms –
 Regional, limited, narrow.
Sentence –
 COVID-19 quickly became a pandemic, leading to extensive global efforts to control its spread.

Opportunities (noun) – मौका, अवसर
Meaning –
 Favorable circumstances or situations that allow for progress, growth, or success.
Synonyms –
 Chances, prospects, possibilities, potential, openings.
Antonyms –
 Obstacles, hindrances, barriers.
Sentence –
 The current economic climate offers numerous opportunities for investment and business expansion.

Emigration (verb) – प्रवास, प्रबासी बनना
Meaning –
 The act of leaving one’s own country to live in another, often for permanent residence.
Synonyms Migration, relocation, departure, exodus, expatriation.
Antonyms –
 Immigration, return, repatriation, homecoming.
Sentence –
 Many people from the rural areas of the country dream of emigration to urban centers in search of better opportunities.

Bridging (noun) – पुल बनाना, संबंध बनाना
Meaning –
 The process of creating a connection or link between two things or ideas that are separate or distinct.
Synonyms Connecting, linking, merging, uniting, integrating, combining.
Antonyms –
 Detaching, segregating, disuniting, disjoining.
Sentence –
 The workshop aimed at bridging the gap between theory and practical application.

Execution (noun) – क्रियान्वयन, कार्रवाई, निष्कर्षण
Meaning –
 The act of carrying out or performing a task, action, or plan. 
Synonyms –
 Implementation, performance, accomplishment, carrying out, completion, fulfillment.
Antonyms –
 Abandonment, failure, nonperformance.
Sentence –
 The execution of the project was completed ahead of schedule.

Ambitious (adjective) – महत्वाकांक्षी, उत्साही, उद्देश्यशील
Meaning –
 Having a strong desire for success, achievement, or the realization of goals.  
Synonyms –
 Aspiring, determined, motivated, driven, goal-oriented, eager, zealous, enterprising.
Antonyms –
 Unambitious, apathetic, indifferent, unmotivated, content.
Sentence –
 She has ambitious career goals and is determined to achieve them.

Sanctions (noun) – प्रतिबंध, सख्त कदम, कड़ी कार्रवाई, प्रतिषेध
Meaning –
 Official measures or actions taken by a government or an authority to force compliance with certain laws or regulations or to influence the behavior of a country, organization, or individual.
Synonyms –
 Restrictions, measures, prohibitions, embargoes, penalties, restrictions, controls.
Antonyms –
 Permissions, approvals, authorizations.
Sentence –
 The United Nations imposed sanctions on the country to stop its nuclear program.

Periphery (noun) – परिधि, बाह्य सीमा, बाहरी क्षेत्र
Meaning –
 The outer boundary or edge of something, often referring to the outermost part or area of a place or object.  
Synonyms –
 Edge, border, boundary, rim, fringe, outskirts, circumference.
Antonyms –
 Center, core, interior, middle, heart.
Sentence –
 She sat on the periphery of the park, watching the children play.

Sustainable (adjective) –  सतत, टिकाऊ
Meaning –
 Capable of being maintained or continued over the long term without causing harm to the environment, society, or resources.
Synonyms –
environmentally friendly, eco-friendly, green, renewable, lasting, viable.
Antonyms –
 Unsustainable, harmful, damaging, nonrenewable, unsustainable.
Sentence –
 The company is committed to sustainable farming practices that protect the soil and water resources.

Cohesive (noun) – आपसी, एकजुट, एक साथ चढ़ने वाला
Meaning –
 Having the quality of sticking together or being adhesive.
Synonyms –
 United, interconnected, integrated, bonded, unified, coherent.
Antonyms –
 Disconnected, fragmented, divided, incoherent, scattered.
Sentence –
 The cohesive team worked together seamlessly to achieve their goals.

Strategic (adjective) – रणनीतिक, सामरिक, युद्ध योग्य
Meaning –
 Relating to or involving a plan of action designed to achieve a specific goal, often in a competitive or military context.
Synonyms Tactical, calculated, planned, deliberate, methodical, well-thought-out.
Antonyms –
 Haphazard, unplanned, impulsive.
Sentence –
 The company’s strategic approach to marketing helped them gain a competitive advantage.

Prosperity (noun) – समृद्धि, समृद्धि-सुख, सफलता, उन्नति
Meaning –
the state of being successful and having a lot of money 
Synonyms –
 Success, wealth, affluence, opulence, abundance, well-being, riches, thriving, fortune, opulence.
Antonyms –
 Poverty, destitution, adversity, hardship, misfortune, failure, insufficiency.
Sentence – 
The country’s prosperity is evident in its strong economy and high standard of living.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Defection business: On party-hopping as a feature of Indian politics) Vocab – 07 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Defection business: On party-hopping as a feature of Indian politics) of 7th November 2023. 

Even as party campaigns are in full swing and candidates are announced in poll-bound Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Telangana, one development that seems to be common to these elections and those held recently is the last minute defection of leaders from one party to another.

Read This Article: – (Defection business: On party-hopping as a feature of Indian politics)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Defection business: On party-hopping as a feature of Indian politics) – November 07, 2023.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Defection business: On party-hopping as a feature of Indian politics) – November 07, 2023

 

Defection (noun) – भंग, पक्ष छोड़ना
Meaning –
A formal disassociation or withdrawal from a political party or organization.
Synonyms – 
Dissociation, separation, withdrawal, departure, resignation.
Antonyms –
Association, joining, adherence, commitment.

Sentence – The defection of several key members from the ruling party weakened its political position.

Seems (verb) – लगता है, प्रतीत होता है
Meaning – “
Seems” is the third person singular form of the verb seem”. It is used to indicate that something appears to be a certain way or gives a particular impression, often based on one’s perception or observation.
Synonyms –
 Appears, looks, appears to be, gives the impression of, gives the appearance of.
Antonyms –
Disappears, vanishes, is not evident, seems not to be.
Sentence –
 She seems very excited about the upcoming event.

Campaigns (noun) – अभियान, मुहिम
Meaning – 
Organized efforts or activities, often of a specific duration, with a particular goal or objective, such as in marketing, politics, or warfare.
Synonyms – 
Operations, crusades, drives, endeavors, initiatives, mission
Antonyms –
Inaction, idleness, passivity, indifference.
Sentence –
 The company launched a series of advertising campaigns to promote its new product.

Dint (noun) – प्रभाव, प्रहार, आक्रमण से
Meaning – 
Influence or power, typically achieved through effort or hard work.
Synonyms – 
Influence, power, authority, control, sway, impact.
Antonyms –
Weakness, insignificance, powerlessness.
Sentence –
 She achieved success through the dint of her hard work and determination.

Increasingly (adverb) – तेजी से, लगातार बढ़ते हुए
Meaning –
In an increasing or growing manner; more and more with time.
Synonyms – 
Gradually, progressively, steadily, consistently, continuously.
Antonyms –
Decreasingly, diminishingly, sporadically, inconsistently.
Sentence –  
He became increasingly muddled as he grew older.

Patronage (noun) – संरक्षण, संरक्षित करना
Meaning –
the support given to an organization by someone
Synonyms –
 Support, backing, sponsorship, aid, assistance, help, endorsement.
Antonyms –
Opposition, disapproval, rejection.
Sentence –
 The artist’s work received critical acclaim and the patronage of a wealthy art collector.

Ideological (adjective) – विचारधारात्मक, विचारधारावादी
Meaning –
based on or relating to a particular set of ideas or beliefs
Synonyms –
 Philosophical, doctrinal, theoretical, dogmatic, political, partisan.
Antonyms –
Pragmatic, practical, non-ideological, flexible.
Sentence –
 The party’s ideological stance on economic policy is rooted in free-market principles.

Conviction (noun) – दृढ़ विश्वास, दोषसिद्धि, निर्णय
Meaning –
A strong belief or opinion, especially a firmly held belief about something.
Synonyms – 
Belief, faith, confidence, trust, certainty, assurance.
Antonyms –
Doubt, skepticism, uncertainty, disbelief, hesitation
Sentence –
 Her conviction that honesty is the best policy guided her throughout her career.

Malleability (noun) – बढ़ने की योग्यता, आपकर्षणशीलता
Meaning –
Malleability is the property of being capable of being shaped, molded, or flattened without breaking or cracking. It is often used to describe the physical property of materials, such as metals, that can be easily deformed or reshaped without losing their integrity.
Synonyms – 
Plasticity, flexibility, adaptability, pliability, ductility.
Antonyms –
Rigidity, inflexibility, stiffness, inelasticity.
Sentence –
 Gold is known for its high malleability, making it easy to shape into intricate jewelry designs.

Affiliation (verb) – संबंध, संबंधन, संगठन
Meaning –
 The state or act of being formally connected or associated with a group, organization, or institution.
Synonyms –
 Association, connection, membership, alliance, partnership, attachment, link, relationship.
Antonyms –
 Disaffiliation, disconnection, separation, dissociation.
Sentence –
 The affiliation between the two companies led to the successful launch of a joint product.

Incumbents (adjective) – पदधारी, वर्तमान पदाधिकारी, अधिकारी
Meaning –
 Individuals who currently hold a particular office, position, or role, especially in a formal or official capacity.
Synonyms –
 Officeholders, officials, office bearers, functionaries, authorities.
Antonyms –
 Former occupants, predecessors, ex-officials.
Sentence –
 The incumbents of the government positions are responsible for implementing policies and making decisions.

Frowned (verb) – मुँह छिड़ाना, असंतुष्ट होना
Meaning –
 To make a facial expression of displeasure, disapproval, or unhappiness by drawing one’s eyebrows together and turning down the corners of the mouth.
Synonyms –
 Glare, scowl, grimace, look displeased, make a face.
Antonyms –
 Smile, beam, grin.
Sentence –
 She frowned when she heard the disappointing news about the project’s delay.

Elaborate (adjective) – विस्तार में बताना
Meaning –
 Involving many details; intricate or detailed.
Synonyms –
 Detailed, intricate, thorough, comprehensive, detailed, extensive.
Antonyms –
 Simple, basic, concise, superficial.
Sentence –
 They’re making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.

Spoils (phrase) – लूट, शिकार
Meaning – 
Goods, wealth, or benefits taken or acquired as a result of victory in war, conquest, or competition.
Synonyms –
 Booty, loot, plunder, treasure, prize, rewards.
Antonyms –
 Loss, sacrifice, forfeiture.
Sentence –
 After their victory, the soldiers divided the spoils of war among themselves.

Catering (noun) – खानपान, भोजन प्रबंधन
Meaning –
 The act of supplying what is required or desired to meet the needs or preferences of a group or individual.
Synonyms –
 Provision, supply, provision, furnishing, accommodation.
Antonyms –
 Withholding, denying, depriving.
Sentence –
 The catering company prepared a delicious feast for the wedding reception.

Careerist (noun) – प्रवृत्तिवादी, करियर को महत्व देने वाला
Meaning –
 A careerist is a person who prioritizes their career and professional advancement above all else and may be willing to do whatever it takes to achieve success in their chosen field.
Synonyms –
 Opportunist, self-advancer, ladder climber, professional climber, go-getter, ambitious person, striver.
Antonyms –
 Idealist, nonconformist, individualist, maverick, rebel, nonconventional.
Sentence –
 I said that their leaders had a bourgeoise outlook, or else they were political careerists.

Pre-eminence (noun) –  पूर्वाग्रणी, श्रेष्ठता
Meaning –
 the quality of being more important or better than others
Synonyms –
 Supremacy, superiority, dominance, leadership, foremost position.
Antonyms –
 Inferiority, subordination, mediocrity.
Sentence –
 Her pre-eminence in the field of science earned her numerous awards and recognition.

Articulate (adjective) – समझाना, व्यक्त करना
Meaning –
 Having the ability to speak fluently and coherently.
Synonyms –
 Fluent, eloquent, well-spoken, coherent, communicative.
Antonyms –
 Inarticulate, incoherent, ineloquent, hesitant, speechless.
Sentence –
 The teacher was impressed by the articulate presentation the student gave on the topic.

Conservatism (noun) – संरक्षणवाद, परंपरागतता, आत्मरक्षा
Meaning –
 the quality of not usually liking or trusting change, especially sudden change
Synonyms –
 Traditionalism, traditional conservatism, right-wing, orthodox, reactionism.
Antonyms –
 Progressivism, liberalism, radicalism, reform, left-wing.
Sentence –
 His conservatism is reflected in his strong support for traditional family values and limited government intervention.

Rejuvenate (verb) – पुनर्जीवन करना, नया जीवन देना, ताजगी देना
Meaning –
 To make something or someone look or feel young, fresh, or energetic again.
Synonyms –
 Revive, refresh, renew, invigorate, regenerate, energize.
Antonyms –
 Age, deteriorate, wither, decline.
Sentence –
 After a long vacation, she felt rejuvenated and full of energy.

Sought (verb) खोजा गया, ढ़ूँढ़ा गया
Meaning –
 Past tense and past participle of the verb “seek,” which means to try to find or obtain something, to search for, or to pursue a goal or objective.
Synonyms –
 Searched, looked for, hunted for, pursued, requested, desired.
Antonyms –
 Found, discovered, obtained.
Sentence –
 He sought a solution to the problem for several weeks before finally finding an answer.

Distinguish (verb) – अंतर करना, पहचानना, भिन्न करना, विशेषत: जानना, प्रमुखता प्राप्त करना
Meaning –
 To recognize or identify as being different from others; to perceive or notice a unique feature or quality.
Synonyms –
 Differentiate, discern, recognize, identify, discriminate, perceive.
Antonyms –
 Confuse, mix up, blend, lump together, mistake.
Sentence –
 Her remarkable talent in painting distinguishes her from other artists.

Secular (adjective) – धर्मनिरपेक्ष, लौकिक, अध्यात्मिक नहीं
Meaning –
 not having any connection with religion
Synonyms –
 Non-religious, worldly, temporal, non-spiritual, non-religious, non-sacred.
Antonyms –
 Religious, spiritual, sacred.
Sentence –
 The government promotes secular education that is not tied to any specific religious beliefs.

Welfare (noun) – कल्याण, भलाइ, कल्याणक
Meaning –
 Programs or initiatives aimed at improving the quality of life and social conditions for a group or society as a whole.
Synonyms –
 Well-being, prosperity, happiness, health, success, welfare, good fortune.
Antonyms –
 Misfortune, suffering, distress, adversity.
Sentence –
 The government is committed to promoting the welfare of its citizens through various programs and policies.

Malleable (adjective) – प्रविधनशील, सजावट करने योग्य
Meaning –
 Capable of being easily shaped, molded, or influenced.
Synonyms –
 Pliable, adaptable, flexible, pliant, moldable, ductile, workable.
Antonyms –
 Rigid, inflexible, unyielding, intractable, immovable.
Sentence –
 Gold is a malleable metal that can be easily shaped into various forms.

Tenuous (adjective) – पतला, नाजुक, निर्भर, कमजोर
Meaning –
 A tenuous connection, idea, or situation is weak and possibly does not exist:
Synonyms –
 Slim, delicate, fine, slender, thin.
Antonyms –
 Thick, substantial, bulky, robust.
Sentence –
 The tenuous thread couldn’t support the weight of the hanging decoration.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Revenue rebound: On GST collections) Vocab – 06 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Revenue rebound: On GST collections) of 6th November 2023. 

Gross Goods and Services Tax (GST) revenues hit their second highest monthly tally in October at a little over ₹1.72 lakh crore, breaking a few long- and short-term trends. To start with, they reflect a 13.4% uptick over last year’s kitty, the highest so far in 2023.

Read This Article: – (Revenue rebound: On GST collections)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Revenue rebound: On GST collections) – November 06, 2023.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Revenue rebound: On GST collections) – November 06, 2023

Rebound (verb) – प्रतिक्षेप, पलटना
Meaning – To bounce back or spring back after hitting an object or a surface.
Synonyms – Bounce back, spring back, ricochet, carom.

Antonyms – Flatten, crash, collapse.
Sentence – The basketball hit the rim and then rebounded off the backboard.

Moreover (adverb) – इसके अतिरिक्त
Meaning –
(used to add information) also and more importantly
Synonyms –
Furthermore, additionally, besides
Antonyms – However, nevertheless, nonetheless
Sentence – Politically, moreover, he faces a split in his party.

Deceleration (verb) – गति कमी (धीमी होना)
Meaning –
Deceleration refers to the act of slowing down or reducing speed 
Synonyms –
decline, braking, slowdown, retardation, drop, slump

Antonyms – acceleration, quickening, hastening
Sentence – The car decelerated at the sight of the police car.

Sustains (verb) – संभालना, बनाए रखना, पोषण करना
Meaning – to cause or allow something to continue for a period of time
Synonymsnurtures, satisfies, nourishes, feeds

Antonyms – refuses, rejects, dismisses, declines, opposes, resists
Sentence – The economy looks set to sustain its growth into next year.

Buffer (noun) – प्रतिष्ठापक, सुरक्षित करने वाला
Meaning – something or someone that helps protect from harm

Synonyms – mediator, negotiator, intermediary, liaison
Antonyms – intensify, sharpen, heighten
Sentence – Some people buy stocks as a buffer against inflation.

Subsidy (noun) – अनुदान, सहायता राशि
Meaning – money given as part of the cost of something, to help or encourage it to happen
Synonymsgrant, allotment, appropriation

Antonyms – Tax, duty, fee, tariff, burden, charge
Sentence – The company received a substantial government subsidy.

Compliances (noun) – अनुपालन, आज्ञानुसार चलना
Meaning – the act of obeying a law or rule, especially one that controls a particular industry or type of work
Synonyms –
acquiescence, biddability, compliancy

Antonyms –  Defiance, disobedience, noncompliance, resistance
Sentence It’s his compliance that amazes me.

Propped (noun) – सहारा देना, समर्थन देना
Meaning – Supported or held up by a prop or support
Synonyms Supported, held up, braced, bolstered, buttressed, shored.

Antonyms Unsupported, unaided, unstable, unsupported.
Sentence –  The authority of the judges will have to be propped up with myths and force.

Kitty (noun) – खाता, मुद्रा, गुप्त धन
Meaning – A small fund or collection of money set aside for a particular use or expense.
Synonyms Pot, pool, fund, purse, jackpot, collection, stash.

Antonyms Distribution, dispersal, allocation.
Sentence –  Neither is it taken out of the foreign policy kitty.

Bump (verb) – टक्कर, धक्का
Meaning – to hit something with force
Synonyms Collision, impact, crash, jolt, thump, jar, protuberance.

Antonyms – Smooth, glide, flow, depression, hollow, indentation.
Sentence –  The car hit a bump in the road, causing a jolt for the passengers.

Ascribed (verb) – जिम्मेदार माना
Meaning – to believe or say that something is caused by something else
Synonyms Attribute, credit, impute, assign, allocate, associate

AntonymsDisown, disavow, deny, repudiate.
Sentence –
People like to ascribe human feelings to animals.

Spike (noun) – तीव्र वृद्धि करना, बढ़ना
Meaning – A sharp increase or rise in something, such as a sudden surge in numbers or levels.
Synonyms –
 pin, stud, prong, skewer.
Antonyms Decrease, decline, drop, fall, reduction.

Sentence The story was deemed too controversial and so they spiked it.

Crackdown (noun) – कठिन कार्रवाई, प्रशासनिक कार्रवाई, 
Meaning – A forceful action or campaign against illegal or undesirable activities.
Synonyms – Clampdown, repression, suppression, enforcement, control
Antonyms – Leniency, permissiveness, tolerance, relaxation.
Sentence –  The police initiated a crackdown on street racing to improve road safety.

Arisen (verb) – उत्पन्न हुआ, प्राप्त हुआ
Meaning – To start to happen or exist.
Synonyms Emerged, appeared, surfaced, developed, manifested

Antonyms Disappeared, vanished, receded, subsided.
Sentence – A new issue has arisen that requires our immediate attention.

Regime (noun) – प्रशासन, शासन व्यवस्था, राजनीति निदेशक
Meaning – a particular government or a system or method of government
Synonyms Government, leadership, administration, authority, ruling power

Antonyms Opposition, resistance, rebellion.
Sentence – The regime tried to silence dissent with a programme of mass murder.

Explicitly (adverb) – स्पष्ट रूप से
Meaning – in a way that is clear and exact
Synonyms Clearly, precisely, distinctly, unambiguously, definitively, specifically.

Antonyms Ambiguously, vaguely, imprecisely, indirectly, implicitly.
Sentence – I told you quite explicitly to be home by midnight.

Disclose (verb) – खुलासा करना, दिखाना
Meaning – to make something known publicly
Synonyms –
 Reveal, divulge, make known, expose, unveil, communicate, confess.
Antonyms – Conceal, hide, withhold, keep secret.
Sentence – 
She decided to disclose her true feelings to her best friend.

Discretionary (adjective) – विवेकानुसार, विचाराधीन
Meaning – Subject to one’s own judgment or choice; optional or based on individual discretion.
Synonyms Optional, elective, voluntary, at one’s discretion, by choice

Antonyms – Mandatory, compulsory, required, obligatory, necessary.
Sentence – These pay rises are purely discretionary.

Amnesty (noun) – सामर्थन, क्षमा, अपराध-मोचन, शांति संरक्षण
Meaning – a decision by a government that allows political prisoners to go free
SynonymsPardon, forgiveness, clemency, reprieve, remission, absolution, leniency
Antonyms Punishment, penalty, retribution, prosecution, accountability.

Sentence – People who hand in illegal weapons will not be prosecuted during the amnesty.

Bolster (verb) – सहारा, समर्थन
Meaning – to support or improve something or make it stronger
Synonyms Support, reinforce, strengthen, encourage, boost.

AntonymsUndermine, weaken, discourage, hinder.
Sentence – The coach worked to bolster the team’s morale after their recent loss.

Mandates (noun) – आदेश, अधिकार
Meaning – the authority given to an elected group of people, such as a government
Synonyms Orders, commands, directives, instructions, decrees, rulings.

Antonyms Prohibition, restriction, limitation.
Sentence – The United Nations has a mandate to promote peace and security in conflict-affected regions.

Trajectory (noun) – प्रक्षेपण पथ, प्रवृत्ति, मार्ग
Meaning – the curved path that an object follows after it has been thrown or shot into the air

Synonyms – Path, course, route, track, trajectory, flight path.
Antonyms – Standstill, halt, stationary.
Sentence – The rocket’s trajectory was carefully calculated to reach its target.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) Vocab – 04 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) of 4th November 2023. 

Misinformation and its more malicious variant, disinformation, have been the bane of today’s unfettered communication system, especially social media where the necessary filters are rarely applied over the spread of news and views, many of which are based on false information deliberately or ignorantly placed.

Read This Article: – (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) – November 04, 2023.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Retrograde step: On government fact-checking units) – November 04, 2023

Misinformation (noun) — झूठी खबर
Meaning –
 wrong information, or the fact that people are misinformed
Synonyms –
lie, misrepresentation, libel, distortion

Antonyms – fact, honesty, truth
Sentence – Memory strength affects reporting of misinformation.

Malicious (adjective) — दुर्भावनापूर्ण
Meaning –
 intended to harm or upset other people
Synonyms –
vicious, cruel, hateful, nasty, malevolent

Antonyms – benign, benevolent, loving, sympathetic, good, kind
Sentence – A person commits malicious damage by throwing a brick through a window.

Disinformation (noun) — दुष्प्रचार
Meaning –
 false information spread in order to deceive people
Synonyms –
propaganda, rumbling, intimation
Sentence –
 It also aimed to counter the disinformation provided to locals.

Unfettered (adjective) — निरंकुश
Meaning –
 not limited by rules or any other controlling influence
Synonyms –
unleashed, escaped, unchained, uncaged

Antonyms – confined, restrained, bound, unfree
Sentence – Yet it could not be achieved with unfettered freedom.

Spread (noun) — फैलाना
Meaning –
 the development or growth of something so that it covers a larger area or affects a larger number of people
Synonyms –
disseminate, propagate, circulate

Antonyms – hide, conceal, obscure, veil, secrete
Sentence – The spread of the disease in the last few years has been alarming.

Deliberately (adverb) — जान-बूझकर
Meaning –
 as in intentionally
Synonyms –
intentionally, purposely, purposefully

Antonyms – inadvertently, unconsciously, accidentally, unwittingly
Sentence – I’m sure he says these things deliberately to annoy me.

Ignorantly (adverb) — नादानी
Meaning –
 in a way that is caused by not having enough knowledge, understanding, or information about something
Synonyms –
uneducated, dark, inexperienced, illiterate

Antonyms – educated, knowledgeable, intelligent, literate
Sentence – The proposal was arrogantly and ignorantly rejected by the opposition.

Pertaining (verb) — संबंधित
Meaning –
 as in belonging
Synonyms –
belonging, appertaining, possessing
Sentence –
 Those laws no longer pertain.

Emanating (verb) — निकलती
Meaning –
 to express a quality or feeling through the way that you look and behave
Synonyms –
radiating, emitting, casting, releasing

Antonyms – absorbing, inhaling, taking up
Sentence – He emanates power and confidence.

Reactive (adjective) — प्रतिक्रियाशील
Meaning –
 reacting to events or situations rather than acting first to change or prevent something
Synonyms –
spontaneous, mechanical, automatic, mechanic

Antonyms – conscious, deliberate, prepared, voluntary
Sentence – Zinc is more reactive and so forms ions more easily.

Adjudicator (noun) — अधिनिर्णायक
Meaning –
 a person or group that makes an official decision about something
Synonyms –
referee, judge, umpire, arbitrator
Sentence –
 The legislative branch has never been the adjudicator of such disputes.

Retrograde (adjective) — पीछे हटना
Meaning –
 returning to older and worse conditions, methods, ideas, etc.
Synonyms –
backward, reversed, reverse

Antonyms – forward
Sentence – The proposal is miserably retrograde.

Problematic (adjective) — समस्यात्मक
Meaning –
 full of problems or difficulties
Synonyms –
difficult, sticky, complicated, tough

Antonyms – easy, simple, manageable, straightforward
Sentence – Getting everyone there on time might prove problematic.

Amended (verb) — संशोधित
Meaning –
 to change the words of a text, especially a law or a legal document
Synonyms –
improved, enhanced, refined, remedied

Antonyms – worsened, impaired, damaged, vitiated
Sentence – MPs were urged to amend the law to prevent another oil tanker disaster.

Satirist (noun) — व्यंगकार
Meaning –
 a person who writes or uses satire
Synonyms –
parodist, caricaturist, mocker, impressionist

Antonyms – nonauthor
Sentence – I enjoy the satirists on television who poke fun at it.

Safeguards (verb) — सुरक्षा
Meaning –
 to protect something from harm
Synonyms –
protections, defenses, ammunitions, shields

Antonyms – attacks, assaults, offences, offenses
Sentence – The union safeguards the interests of all its members.

Criticism (noun) — आलोचना
Meaning –
 the act of saying that something or someone is bad
Synonyms –
critique, review, notice
Sentence –
 I have a few criticisms to make about your speech

Laud () — प्रशंसा
Meaning –
 to praise
Synonyms –
applause, accolade, glory, honor, praise, credit

Antonyms – knock, disparage, pan, slam
Sentence – The German leadership lauded the Russian initiative.

Infringed (verb) —  उल्लंघन
Meaning –
 to break a rule, law, etc.
Synonyms –
violated, breached, offended

Antonyms – justified, pardoned, forgave
Sentence – The material can be copied without infringing copyright.

Adjudicate (verb) — निर्णय करना
Meaning –
 to act as judge in a competition or argument
Synonyms –
decide, settle, determine, arbitrate

Antonyms – hedge, equivocate, skirt
Sentence – He was asked to adjudicate on the dispute.

Specify (verb) — उल्लिखित करना
Meaning –
 to explain or describe something clearly and exactly
Synonyms –
define, prescribe, dictate, order

Antonyms – forget, ignore, disregard, slight
Sentence – He said we should meet but didn’t specify a time.

Menace (noun) — खतरा
Meaning –
 something that is likely to cause harm
Synonyms –
threat, danger, risk, peril

Antonyms – protection, guard, ward, shield
Sentence – He spoke with a hint of menace.

Oversight (noun) — निगरानी
Meaning –
 a mistake made because of a failure to notice something
Synonyms
– management, supervision, administration, control

Antonyms – accuracy, precision, correctness, exactness
Sentence – You can never entirely eliminate human error and oversight.

Involvement (noun) — भागीदारी
Meaning –
 the act or process of taking part in something
Synonyms –
experience, association, intimacy, exposure

Antonyms – unfamiliarity, ignorance, inexperience, greenness
Sentence – She spoke openly about her involvement with the former prime minister.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Scapegoating: On Afghan refugees in Pakistan) Vocab – 03 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Scapegoating: On Afghan refugees in Pakistan) of 3rd November 2023. 

The Pakistan government’s order to all undocumented migrants to leave the country by October 31 has thrown the lives of hundreds of thousands of Afghan refugees in jeopardy. The interim government in Islamabad says its decision is not targeted at any particular nationality.

Read This Article: – (Scapegoating: On Afghan refugees in Pakistan)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Scapegoating: On Afghan refugees in Pakistan) – November 03, 2023.

Daily Vocabulary : The Hindu Editorial (Scapegoating: On Afghan refugees in Pakistan) – November 03, 2023

  • Undocumented (adjective) — गैर-दस्तावेजी
    Meaning – not supported by written proof

    Synonyms – hypothetical, speculative, apocryphal, theoretical, unauthentic, theoretic, fantastical, chimeric
    Antonyms – true, historical, actual, real, literal, factual, documentary

    Sentence – A growing problem is the undocumented asylum seeker.
  • Migrant (noun) — प्रवासी
    Meaning –
     a person that travels to a different country or place, often in order to find work

    Synonyms – immigrants, settlers, refugees, emigrants
    Antonyms – natives, residents, citizens, inhabitants, nonimmigrants, nationals
    Sentence – The cities are full of migrants looking for work.
  • Refugee (noun) — शरणार्थी
    Meaning – a person who has escaped from their own country for political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a war
    Synonyms – exile, fugitive, alien, expatriate
    Sentence – We have been tasked with setting up camps for refugees.
  • Jeopardy (noun) — ख़तरा
    Meaning – in danger of being damaged or destroyed
    Synonyms – danger, risk, trouble, peril

    Antonyms – safety, security, salvation
    Sentence – They have also put their entitlements in the home country in jeopardy.
  • Evident (adjective) — प्रत्यक्ष
    Meaning –  easily seen or understood
    Synonyms – apparent, presumed, possible, obvious

    Antonyms – hidden, impossible, unlikely, inconceivable, real
    Sentence – Harry’s courage during his illness was evident to everyone.
  • Violence (noun) — हिंसा
    Meaning – actions or words that are intended to hurt people
    Synonyms – brutality, injury, assault, terror, force

    Antonyms – nonviolence, pacifism
    Sentence – More police were sent to help contain the violence.

 

  • Intervention (noun) — हस्तक्षेप
    Meaning – the action of becoming intentionally involved in a difficult situation, in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse
    Synonyms – interfere, intercede, mediate, intermediate
    Antonyms – avoid, stand by, ignore, shun
    Sentence – The government was reluctant to sanction intervention in the crisis.
  • Detention (noun) — कैद
    Meaning – the act or condition of being officially forced to stay in a place
    Synonyms – imprisonment, incarceration, captivity, confinement
    Antonyms – discharge, release, freedom, liberation
    Sentence – He made the confession while under detention.
  • Deportation (verb) — निर्वासन
    Meaning – to force someone to leave a country
    Synonyms – 
    expulsion, displacement, migration
    Antonyms – 
    return, immigration, repatriation
    Sentence – The refugees were deported back to their country of origin.
  • Humanitarian (adjective) — मानवीय 
    Meaning – involved in or connected with improving people’s lives and reducing suffering
    Synonyms – 
    philanthropic, charitable, philanthropical, benevolent
    Antonyms – 
    selfish, selfcentered, parsimonious
    Sentence – The prisoner has been released for humanitarian reasons.
  • Interim (adjective) — अन्तरिम
    Meaning – temporary and intended to be used or accepted until something permanent exists
    Synonyms – temporary, provisional, transitional, shortterm
    Antonyms – permanent, final, longterm, fixed

    Sentence – The move is intended as an interim measure.
  • Hyperinflation (noun) — बेलगाम
    Meaning – a condition where the price of everything in a national economy goes out of control and increases very quickly
    Sentence – 
    In the presence of hyperinflation, currency substitution may have positive effects.
  • Depreciation (verb) — मूल्यह्रास
    Meaning – to (cause something to) lose value, especially over time
    Synonyms – 
    criticism, defamation, condemnation, abuse, disparagement
    Antonyms – 
    magnification, aggrandizement, glorification, exaltation, praise
    Sentence – In the last year our house has depreciated in value.
  • Woes (noun) — संकट
    Meaning – big problems or troubles
    Synonyms – pains, distresses, agonies, miseries, anguishes
    Antonyms – consolations, comforts, solaces, eases
    Sentence – Her face was lined and full of woe.
  • Outwit (verb) — चतुरता में मात देना
    Meaning – to get an advantage over someone by acting more cleverly and often by using a trick
    Synonyms – outsmart, outmaneuver, thwart, deceive, overcome, outfox
    Sentence – You need to know that there are ways to outwit one’s craving for crullers.
  • Neglected (verb) — नजरअंदाज कर दिया
    Meaning – to not give enough care or attention to people or things that are your responsibility
    Synonyms – 
    dilapidated, abandoned, miserable, tired, desolate
    Antonyms – 
    maintained, fresh, keptup
    Sentence – She’s been neglecting her studies this semester.
  • Skirmishes (noun) — झड़पों
    Meaning – a fight between a small number of soldiers that is usually short and not planned
    Synonyms – 
    encounters, fights, brushes
    Antonyms – 
    truces
    Sentence – For days, separatists and troops had skirmished along the border.
  • Porous (adjective) — झरझरा, छिद्रयुक्त
    Meaning – having many small holes that allow water or air to pass through slowly
    Synonyms – penetrable, permeable, absorbent, pervious
    Antonyms – 
    impermeable, impervious, impenetrable, impassable
    Sentence –
    The boundary between politics and play could be very porous.
  • Scapegoating (noun) — बलि का बकरा 
    Meaning – a person who is blamed for something that someone else has done
    Synonyms – 
    victim, excusefall guy
    Sentence – 
    The captain was made a scapegoat for the team’s failure.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Virtues of planning: On the Vision India@2047 plan) Vocab – 02 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication. Today we will discuss about the The Hindu Editorial (Virtues of planning: On the Vision India@2047 plan) of 2nd November 2023. 

In early 2024, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected to unveil a road map to transform the country into a developed nation with a $30 trillion economy by the time it completes 100 years of Independence.

Read This Article: – (Virtues of planning: On the Vision India@2047 plan)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Virtues of planning: On the Vision India@2047 plan) – November 02, 2023.

Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Virtues of planning: On the Vision India@2047 plan) – November 02, 2023

  • Expected (verb) – अपेक्षित
    Meaning – to think or believe something will happen, or someone will arrive

    Synonyms – awaited, hoped, looked forward to
    Antonyms – questioned, doubted
    Sentence – We are expecting a lot of applicants for the job.
  • Unveil (verb) – अनावरण करना
    Meaning –
    to remove a covering like a curtain from a new structure at a formal ceremony in order to show the opening or finishing of a new building or work of art
    Synonyms –
     reveal, disclose, discover, uncover
    Antonyms –
     conceal, hide, cover (up), veil, cloak, disguise
    Sentence – 
    Today they will unveil new products at lower prices

 

  • Brainstorming (noun) – बुद्धिशीलता
    Meaning –
    an activity or business method in which a group of people meet to suggest a lot of new ideas for possible development
    Synonyms –
    ideation, creativity, inspiration
    Antonyms –
    literalness, literality
    Sentence – 
    There will be lots of meetings and a lot of brainstorming.
  • Aspires to (phrasal verb) – महत्त्वाकांक्षा करना
    Meaning – 
    to have a strong wish or hope to do or have something

    Sentence – Few people who aspire to fame ever achieve it.
  • Industrialist (noun) – उद्योगपति
    Meaning – 
    an owner or an employee in a high position in industry

    Sentence – Soon, the land was sold off to industrialists or housing-speculators.
  • Finetune (verb) – ठीक करना
    Meaning – 
    to make very small changes to something in order to make it work as well as possible
    Synonyms – 
    adjust, regulate, adapt
    Antonyms – 
    misadjust
    Sentence – 
    She spent hours fine-tuning her speech.
  • Blind spots (noun) – अस्पष्ट जगह
    Meaning – 
    an area that you are not able to see

    Sentence – It can be very dangerous if there’s a vehicle in your blind spot.
  • Prospective (adjective) – भावी
    Meaning – people who are expected to buy something, employ someone
    Synonyms – potential, future, possible, upcoming
    Antonyms – previous, prior, precedent, anterior
    Sentence – Her father always wants to meet her prospective boyfriends.
  • Irrespective (adverb) – निरपेक्ष
    Meaning – 
    without considering; not needing to allow for
    Sentence – 
    The legislation must be applied irrespective of someone’s ethnic origins.
  • Earnest (adjective) – बयाना
    Meaning – 
    serious and determined, especially too serious and unable to find your own actions funny

    Synonyms – solemn, serious, stern
    Antonyms – playful, humorous, facetious, flippant, joking
    Sentence – He was a very earnest young man.
  • Varying (verb) – परिवर्तनीय
    Meaning – 
    If things of the same type vary, they are different from each other

    Synonyms – changing, uneven, unequal
    Antonyms – constant, stable, steady, regular
    Sentence – The samples varied in quality but were generally acceptable.
  • Hues (noun) – विविध रंग
    Meaning –
    a degree of lightness, darkness, strength, etc.

    Synonyms – shades, colors, tones, tints
    Antonyms – achromatisms
    Sentence – 
    In the Caribbean waters there are fish of every hue.
  • Liberalisation (noun) – उदारीकरण
    Meaning – 
    the practice of making laws, systems, or opinions less severe
    Sentence – 
    The group is pushing the liberalisation of drug laws.

 

  • Vigour (noun) – ताक़त
    Meaning – 
    strength of thought, opinion, expression, etc
    Sentence – 
    He gave his side of the story with vigour.
  • Regime (noun) – प्रशासन
    Meaning – 
    a particular government or a system or method of government

    Synonyms – government, administration, rule, reign, governance, tyranny
    Sentence – 
    The old corrupt, totalitarian regime was overthrown.
  • Ensure () – सुनिश्चित करना
    Meaning – to make something certain to happen

    Synonyms – assure, guarantee, insure
    Antonyms – undermine, weaken
    Sentence – The airline is taking steps to ensure safety on its aircraft.
  • Certainty (noun) – यक़ीन
    Meaning – 
    something that cannot be doubted

    Synonyms – assurance, confidence, satisfaction, conviction
    Antonyms – uncertainty, doubt, hesitation, hesitancy
    Sentence – 
    There are few absolute certainties in life
  • Incentives (noun) – प्रोत्साहन राशि
    Meaning –  
    something that encourages a person to do something

    Synonyms – encouragements, impetuses, motivations, stimuli
    Antonyms – disincentives, counterincentives
    Sentence – Bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder.

 

  • Zealous (adjective) – उत्साही
    Meaning –
    enthusiastic and eager

    Synonyms – avid, eager, fervent, enthusiastic
    Antonyms – objective, detached, impersonal
    Sentence – She was one of the president’s most zealous supporters
  • Hastening (verb) – जल्दी करना
    Meaning – 
    to make something happen sooner or more quickly

    Synonyms – acceleration, quickening
    Antonyms – retardation, deceleration, slowdown, decline, braking
    Sentence –  
    There is little doubt that poor medical treatment hastened her death.
  • Widening (verb) –चौड़ा
    Meaning –
    to become, or to make something greater in width

    Synonyms – broadening, expanding, intensifying, extending
    Antonyms – narrowing (down), constricting, decreasing, reducing, diminishing
    Sentence – They are widening the road in our village.
  • Abandoned (adjective) – छोड़ा हुआ
    Meaning – 
    left in a particular place or condition, usually forever

    Synonyms – deserted, disused, derelict, vacant
    Antonyms – 
    recovered, saved, reclaimed, redeemed
    Sentence – 
    The world is full of abandoned mines.
  • Recalibrate (verb) – पुन: अंशांकित करें
    Meaning – 
    to make small changes to an instrument so that it measures accurately
    Sentence – 
    You need to recalibrate your expectations.
  • Scenarios (noun) – परिदृश्यों
    Meaning – 
    a description of possible actions or events in the future

    Synonyms – scripts, screenplays
    Sentence –
    There are several possible scenarios.

 

Courtesy: 

Read Also :
Daily The Hindu Vocabulary 

 

The Hindu Editorial (Safety first: On the lessons from the train accident in Vizianagaram) Vocab – 01 Nov, 2023

Welcome to “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary,” your trusted source for enhancing your linguistic prowess. In our concise yet insightful articles, we break down the complex terminology and phrases found in “The Hindu” editorials, empowering you to understand, apply, and integrate these words into your daily communication.

The train accident in Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh, which claimed 13 lives and left 38 injured, has again highlighted the inadequacies in the railway safety system. A stationary train, the Visakhapatnam-Palasa passenger, was hit by the Visakhapatnam-Rayagada passenger at Kantakapalli station, 36 kilometres from Visakhapatnam, on the Vizianagaram-Visakhapatnam line.

Read This Article: – (Safety first: On the lessons from the train accident in Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh)

For Further Reading, visit The Hindu”.

Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Safety first: On the lessons from the train accident in Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh) – November 01, 2023.

Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Safety first: On the lessons from the train accident in Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh) – November 01, 2023

  • Claimed (verb) – दावा किया
    Meaning – Say something is true / You have done something
    Synonyms – accused, charged, likely
    Antonyms – deny, reject, abandon, disclaim, dispute
    Sentence – He claimed victory in the presidential elections before all the results were in.
  • Injured (adjective) – घायल
    Meaning – hurt or physically harmed

    Synonyms – damaged, wounded, hurt, spoiled
    Antonyms – entire, whole, intact, perfect, complete
    Sentence – She was told to stay in bed to rest her injured back.
  • Highlighted (verb) – प्रकाश डाला, रेखांकित करना
    Meaning – to attract attention to or emphasize something important
    Synonyms – spotlighted, illuminated, advertised, displayed, recommended
    Antonyms – darkened, blackened, dimmed, dusk
    Sentence – The report highlights the need for improved safety.
  • Inadequacies (noun) – अपर्याप्तताएँ
    Meaning – the fact that something is not good enough or is too small in amount
    Synonyms – flaw, weakness, failing, imperfection, insufficiency, incapacity, shortcoming, ineffectiveness, ineptitude
    Antonyms – adequacies, amplitudes, sufficiencies, abundances
    Sentence – Economic growth is hindered by the inadequacies of the public transport system.
  • Horrific (adjective) – भीषण
    Meaning – very bad and shocking
    Synonyms – abominable, appalling, awful, cruel, disgusting, dreadful
    Antonyms – pleasant, delightful, attractive, delicious, enjoyable, welcome, appealing, satisfying, pleasurable
    Sentence – The report detailed the horrific conditions in the prison.
  • Collision (noun) – टक्कर
    Meaning – an accident in which two vehicles or people crash into each other
    Synonyms – blow, concussion, contact, crash, dilapidation, encounter, impact
    Sentence – The cyclist was in a collision with a bus.
  • Interference (noun) – दखल अंदाजी
    Meaning – an occasion when someone tries to interfere in a situation
    Synonyms – conflict, intervention, intrusion, obstruction, tampering
    Antonyms – incentive, stimulus, advantage, impetus, catalyst, edge, assistance
    Sentence – The law is designed to prevent interference by local police.
  • Suspected (verb) – संदिग्ध
    Meaning – to think or believe something to be true or probable
    Synonyms – imagined, questionable, shaky, suspicious, uncertain
    Antonyms – unsustainable, unverifiable, unprovable, unsupportable, insupportable, debatable, indemonstrable
    Sentence – So far, the police do not suspect foul play.
  • Indigenously (adjective) – देश में ही
    Meaning – the people who originally lived in a place
    Synonyms – aboriginal, native
    Antonyms – foreign, introduced, nonindigenous, exotic, alien
    Sentence – Antarctica has no indigenous human population.
  • Developed (adjective) – विकसित
    Meaning – advanced or powerful
    Synonyms – advanced, matured, improved
    Antonyms – retarded, rudimentary, undeveloped, primitive, underdeveloped
    Sentence – In developed countries, blood pressure tends to go up dramatically with age.
  • Avoidance (noun) – टालमटोल
    Meaning – not doing something; preventing something from existing or happening
    Synonyms – evasion, prevention, restraint, escape
    Antonyms – submission, endurance, toleration
    Sentence – A person’s health improves with the avoidance of stress.
  • Tragedy (noun) – त्रासदी
    Meaning – a very sad event or situation
    Synonyms – adversity, calamity, catastrophe, failure, hardship, humiliation, misfortune, struggle
    Antonyms – windfall, manna, godsend
    Sentence – His life was touched by hardship and personal tragedy.
  • Raises (verb) – उठाना
    Meaning – to lift something to a higher position
    Synonyms – lifts, elevates, hoists, uplifts
    Antonyms – lowers, drops, falls, descends
    Sentence – He raised the window and leaned out.
  • Enforce (verb) – लागू
    Meaning – to make people obey a law, or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted
    Synonyms – implement, apply, execute, administer, fulfill
    Antonyms – ignore, disregard, neglect
    Sentence – The new law was generally admitted to be difficult to enforce.
  • Regulations (noun) – नियम, अधिनियम
    Meaning – an official rule or the act of controlling something
    Synonyms – rules, laws, instructions, standards
    Sentence – I have acted strictly in accordance with the regulations at all times.
  • Proactive (adjective)– सक्रिय
    Meaning – taking action by causing change and not only reacting to change when it happens
    Synonyms – cautious, careful
    Antonyms – shortsighted, myopic, improvident, careless
    Sentence – Managers must be proactive in identifying and preventing potential problems.
  • Intensive (adjective) – गहन
    Meaning – involving a lot of effort or activity in a short period of time
    Synonyms – intense, fierce, ferocious, deep, terrible
    Antonyms – moderate, light, soft, feeble, superficial
    Sentence – The course compresses two year’s training into six intensive months.
  • Campaign (noun) – अभियान, मुहिम
    Meaning – a planned group of especially political, business, or military activities that are intended to achieve a particular aim
    Synonyms – movement, crusade, push, cause, initiative
    Sentence – The endless public appearances are an inevitable part of an election campaign.
  • Reassure (verb) – आश्वस्त, दिलासा देना
    Meaning – to comfort someone and stop them from worrying
    Synonyms – assure, comfort, soothe
    Antonyms – distress, discourage, worry, trouble, upset
    Sentence – They sought to reassure the public.
  • Chronic (adjective) – दीर्घकालिक
    Meaning – continuing for a long time
    Synonyms – persistent, serial, habitual, inveterate, regular, steady, stubborn, addicted
    Antonyms – occasional, unused, intermittent
    Sentence – She suffers from chronic pain in her knees.
  • Plague (verb) – विपत्ति
    Meaning – to cause worry, pain, or difficulty to someone or something over a period of time
    Synonyms – afflict, persecute, torture, besiege, curse
    Antonyms – help, aid, assist, relieve
    Sentence – Financial problems have been plaguing their new business partners.
  • Empanelling (verb) – पैनलबद्ध करना
    Meaning – in a law court, to choose the people who will form the jury for a trial
    Sentence – The process of empanelling a mock jury has caused some controversy.
  • Operational (adjective) – परिचालन
    Meaning – being in effective operation
    Synonyms – operating, operative, functioning
    Antonyms – inoperative, broken, dead, inactive, nonfunctional
    Sentence – They plan to keep the telescope operational until the end of the decade.
  • Vacant (adjective) – खाली
    Meaning – not filled or occupied; available to be used
    Synonyms – empty, devoid, barren
    Antonyms – full, complete, occupied
    Sentence – The job will be kept vacant for a few more weeks.
  • Mechanisation (noun) – यंत्रीकरण
    Meaning – the process of introducing a machine to do something that used to be done by hand
    Sentence – The mechanisation of cotton production increased the cost of machinery.
  • Implementation (noun)– कार्यान्वयन
    Meaning – the act of starting to use a plan or system
    Synonyms – automation
    Sentence – The study was criticized for its poor design and sloppy implementation.
  • Technocrat (noun)– उद्योगतंत्रवादी
    Meaning – an expert in science or technology who has a lot of power in or influence with the government or industry
    Synonyms – hackers, techies, technophiles
    Antonyms – technophobes
    Sentence – Technocrats do not always have the marketing skills necessary to be successful businessmen.
  • Revamp (verb) – पुनर्गठन
    Meaning – to change or arrange something again, in order to improve it
    Synonyms – remodel, change, modify, alter, rework
    Antonyms – set, fix, stabilize
    Sentence – The company has launched a revamped version of its commercial mortgages.

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The Hindu Editorial (Standard deviations: On jobs data) Vocab – 04 Feb, 2019

The resignations of the National Statistical Commission’s acting Chairperson P.C. Mohanan and member J.V. Meenakshi appear linked to the Centre’s refusal to release new data on employment that were due to be made public in December 2018.

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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Standard deviations: On jobs data) – Feb 04, 2019.

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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Standard deviations: On jobs data) – Feb 04, 2019

 

  • Deviation (noun) – विचलन, भिन्नता
    Meaning – The action of departing from an established course or accepted standard.
    Synonyms – divergence/departure, abnormality, irregularity.
    Sentence – We students will discover two deviations from this ideal this week.
  • Undermine (verb) – कमजोर
    Meaning – Erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation)
    Synonyms – weaken, compromise, subvert.
    Sentence – the flow of water had undermined pillars supporting the roof.
  • Officialdom (noun) – नौकरशाही
    Meaning – civil service officials as a group
    Synonyms – administrative officials, bureaucracy.
    Sentence – He also thinks the country’s officialdom is masterful at manipulation.
  • Unveil (verb) – अनावरण करना
    Meaning – Show or announce publicly for the first time.
    Synonyms – present, announce, disclose/make public.
    Sentence – A raft of new taxes could be brought in under plans unveiled by council chiefs.
  • Flatter (verb) – चापलूसी करना 
    Meaning – Lavish praise and compliments on (someone), often insincerely and with the aim of furthering one’s own interests.
    Synonyms – compliment, praise, commend/admire.
    Sentence – He then went on to flatter them further by complimenting their car parks.
  • Disseminate (verb) – प्रसारित करना
    Meaning – Spread (something, especially information) widely.
    Synonyms – spread, circulate, propagate.
    Sentence – We also made sure that this information was widely disseminated.
  • Lay-down (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – formulate, stipulate, set down.
  • Peer (noun) – सहकर्मी
    Meaning – A person of the same age, status, or ability as another specified person.
    Synonyms – equal, fellow, rival.
    Sentence – he has incurred much criticism from his academic peers.
  • Abound (verb) – प्रचुर मात्रा में
    Meaning – Exist in large numbers or amounts.
    Synonyms – increase, be plentiful, flourish.
    Sentence – Confusion also still abounds as to dates of public holidays.
  • Credible (adjective) – विश्वसनीय
    Meaning – Able to be believed; convincing.
    Synonyms – convincing, acceptable; reasonable/valid.
    Sentence – Few people found his story credible.
  • Quinquennial (adjective) – पाँच वर्ष का समय
    Meaning – relating to something (survey) happening repeatedly at every five years.
    Sentence – They conducted quinquennial reviews.
  • Inexplicably (adverb) – बेवजह
    Meaning – in a way something can not be accountable.
    Synonyms – explainable, understandable
    Sentence – Many clones inexplicably fail to live to adulthood.
  • Junk (verb) – कचरा
    Meaning – Discard or abandon unceremoniously.
    Synonyms – throw away, discard, abandon/shed.
    Sentence – Sort out what could be sold off and junk the rest.
  • Proxy (noun) – प्रतिनिधि
    Meaning – The authority to represent someone else, especially in voting.
    Synonyms – representative, substitute, delegate, agent, surrogate, stand-in, attorney
    Sentence – If you’re away, register to vote by post or by proxy.
  • Tout (verb) – दलाल
    Meaning –  Attempt to sell (something), typically by a direct or persistent approach.
    Synonyms – advertise/publicize, promote; endorse/urge.
    Sentence – Sanjay was touting his wares.
  • Call out (phrasal verb)
    Meaning – draw attention to objectionable behaviour.
  • Coy (adjective) – संकोची
    Meaning – (especially with reference to a woman) making a pretence of shyness or modesty which is intended to be alluring.
    Synonyms – shy, modest, timid, retiring.
    Sentence – Everyone else acts coy, stupid, and young throughout the rest of episode.
  • Gambit (noun) – पहला क़दम
    Meaning – An act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation.
    Synonyms – strategy, plan, scheme (to gain an advantage).
    Sentence – His resignation was a tactical gambit.
  • Linger (verb) – विलम्ब या देरी करना
    Meaning – Be slow to disappear or die.
    Synonyms – persist, stay, remain.
    Sentence – The tradition seems to linger on.
  • Upend (verb) – समाप्त कर देना
    Meaning – turn something upside down
    Synonyms – reverse, overturn, invert.
    Sentence – She upended a can of soup over the portions.

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